Index

1918-1939

  • Armistice of Villa Giusti

    Armistice of Villa Giusti
    The Armistice of villa Giusti ended warfare between Italy and Austria-Hungary on the Italian Front during World War I. The armistice was signed on November 3, 1918 in the Villa Giusti and was to take effect 24 hours later.
  • Red Army

    Red Army
    Trotsky is appointed head of the "Red Army"
  • Lenin

    Lenin
    Lenin orders the secret police to arrest and
  • The Bolshevik government introduces a policy of food requisition

    The Bolshevik government introduces a policy of food requisition
    The Bolshevik government introduces a policy of food requisition and peasant revolts break out throughout Russia.
  • Nicholas II, his wife and their children are killed

    Nicholas II, his wife and their children are killed
    Nicholas II, his wife and their children are killed by the secret police of the Bolsheviks. Nicholas was the last czar of Russia. He had one son and four daughters.
  • Flight over Vienna

    Flight over Vienna
    Flight over Vienna An air raid was performed by italian poet and nationalist patriot Gabriele D'Annunzio.
  • Lenin orders the execution of hostages

    Lenin orders the execution of hostages
    Lenin orders the execution of hostages in villages that do not deliver grain
  • Hara of the Takashi becomes prime minister

    Hara of the Takashi becomes prime minister
    Hara of the Takashi becomes prime minister of Japan. He was the 19th prime minister. His catch phrase was "commoner prime minister"
  • The Red Army invades Estonia to install a communist government

    The Red Army invades Estonia to install a communist government
    The Red Army invades Estonia to install a communist government.
  • Great Polish uprising

    Great Polish uprising
    On December 29, 1918 the Great Poland Uprising liberated greater Poland.
  • The Bolshevik troops are repelled by Estonia

    The Bolshevik troops are repelled by Estonia
    The Bolshevik troops are repelled by Estonia.
  • More than 200 peasant revolts rock Russia

    More than 200 peasant revolts rock Russia
    More than 200 peasant revolts rock Russia
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    David Lloyd Geroge Woodrow Wilson George Clemenceau The big three at the signing of the treaty were, Georges Clemenceau(France), David Lloyd George(Great Britain), and Woodrow Wilson(United States).
  • Treaty of versailles and Poland

    Treaty of versailles and Poland
    The treat of Versailles settled the German-Polish borders in the Baltic region.
  • African Americans and the boom

    African Americans and the boom
    American was prospurous in the economic boom, but sadly racism kept african Americans from joining the rest of America. They lived in ghettos and suffered.
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations
    The League of Nations held its first meeting. The U.S. was not apart of the League of Nations.
  • guccio Gucci

    guccio Gucci
    Guccio Gucci opens a boutique of fashion design in Firenze/Florence.
  • Germany & France

    Germany & France
    Germany tries to negotiate the sum they owe without success, parts of the rhur area are occupied by France.
  • Germany's reperations

    Germany's reperations
    The German reperations are newly fixed to 132 billion goldmarks(payable in 37 years)
  • London Ultimatum

    London Ultimatum
    Reperations for WWIThe London ultimatum demanded reperations in gold or foreign currency to be paid in annual installments of two billion goldmarks, and twenty six percent of the value of Germany's exports.
  • Hyperinflation in the Weimar Repbulic

    Hyperinflation in the Weimar Repbulic
    Hyperinflation in Germany The hyperinflation in the Weimar reupublic was a three year period of hyperinflation in Germany. 8.9 marks or German currency was about one US dollar.
  • The U.S. Peace treaty

    The U.S. Peace treaty
    The US, not having signed the treaty of Versailles, makes its own peace treaty with Germany and Austria.
  • The Japanese Communist Party is founded

    The Japanese Communist Party is founded
    The Japanese Communist Party is founded.
  • German's Reich

    German's Reich
    The German Reich has reached it's economic and financial breaking point.
  • Mussolini take power

    Mussolini take power
    Mussolini, leader of the Fascist party, seizes power in Italy.
  • The March of Rome

    The March of Rome
    In Italy the nationalist movement under Mussolini, disappointed with the results of the war for Italy, takes power.
  • Rhine Republic

    Rhine Republic
    With French support, separatists try to declare an independent "Rhine Republic" in Aachen. This fails.
  • France & Speyer

    France & Speyer
    With French support, separatists try to declare an independent "Autonomous Pfalz" in Speyer.
  • Cracow general

    Cracow general
    Cracow General Strike leaves 32 strikers and police dead.
  • Poland and the league of nations

    Poland and the league of nations
    Poland complies with League of Nations ruling and turns Jaworzyna over to the Czechs.
  • Hyper Inflation in Germany Ends

    Hyper Inflation in Germany Ends
    Hyperinflation period in Germany This time marks the end of hyperinflation in Germany.
  • Zloty as currency

    Zloty as currency
    Bank Polski established as a Central Bank. The Zloty replaces the Mark as currency.
  • the US Congress approves the Exclusion Act

    the US Congress approves the Exclusion Act
    the US Congress approves the Exclusion Act, that prohibits further immigration from Japan.
  • Mussolini's Fascist Party wins

    Mussolini's Fascist Party wins
    Mussolini's Fascist Party wins national elections in Italy.
  • Poland and the German socialist party

    Poland and the German socialist party
    German Socialist Workers Party in Poland (DSAP) established.
  • The Sejm passes a land reform law

    The Sejm passes a land reform law
    The Sejm passes a land reform law calling for an annual minimum of 200,000 hectares to be sold at full market value to peasants.
  • Pilsudski's forces gain control of Warsaw

    	Pilsudski's forces gain control of Warsaw
  • Germany enters the League of Nations

    Germany enters the League of Nations
    Germany enters the League of Nations. The vote is unanimous.
  • collapse of Japanese banking system

    collapse of Japanese banking system
    Collapse of the banking system.
  • 20% of Americans had Cars

    20% of Americans had Cars
    America in 1920By 1928 roughly 20% of all Americans had cars.
  • Model T

    Model T
    By 1928 mass production made the model T cheaper, costing only 295$
  • Port of Gdynia opens

    Port of Gdynia opens
    Port of Gdynia opens giving Poland an outlet on the Baltic Sea.
  • Polish police disband Hramada

    Polish police disband Hramada
    Polish police disband Hramada and arrest leadership of the Beyelorussian socialist peasant movement.
  • Japan's population in 1928

    Japan's population in 1928
    Japan's population is 65 million.
  • The Japanese Kwantung army kills the Manchurian warlord

    The Japanese Kwantung army kills the Manchurian warlord
    The Japanese Kwantung army kills the Manchurian warlord before he can ally with Chiang Kaishek
  • Radios in America

    Radios in America
    By 1929 10 Million radios were sold in America
  • Shares in America

    Shares in America
    By 1929 over 1 million people owned shares in America.
  • Mussolini & the Vatican

    Mussolini & the Vatican
    Mussolini signs a Concordat with the Pope that creates the independent state of the Vatican City.
  • Hamaguchi of Minseito becomes prime minister

    Hamaguchi of Minseito becomes prime minister
    Hamaguchi of Minseito becomes prime minister.
  • Non-Agression pact

    Non-Agression pact
    Litinow-protocol. A non-aggression pact between the Soviet-Union, Rumania, Poland Lithuania and Estonia.
  • Wall Street Crash

    Wall Street Crash
    The wall street Crash occured on October 29, 1929. It was an impact on the whole world.
  • Four zaibatsu dominate Japan's economy

    Four zaibatsu dominate Japan's economy
    Four zaibatsu ("money cliques") dominate Japan's economy: Mitsui, Mitsubishi, Furukawa and Sumitomo
  • "Rat der Deutschen in Polen"

     "Rat der Deutschen in Polen"
    Council of Germans in Poland "Rat der Deutschen in Polen" established.
  • Japan & China

    Japan occupies Mukden and other places in Manchuko. War between Japan and China begins.
  • The Japanese army invades Manchuria

    The Japanese army invades Manchuria
    The Japanese army provokes an incident and invades Manchuria without consulting with the Wakatsuki government
  • England drops the gold standard

    England drops the gold standard
    The bank of England drops the gold standard.
  • general Araki Sadao is appointed Ministry of War

    general Araki Sadao is appointed Ministry of War
    The pro-war general Araki Sadao is appointed Ministry of War.
  • The Soviet government destroys the Christ the Savior Cathedral

    The Soviet government destroys the Christ the Savior Cathedral
    The Soviet government destroys the Christ the Savior Cathedral
  • League of Nations checks Japan

    League of Nations checks Japan
    The League sends a commission to investigate the Japanese/Chinese conflict.
  • Poland & the Soviet Union

    Poland & the Soviet Union
    Poland signs Treaty of Non-aggression with the Soviet Union.
  • Manchukuo

    Manchukuo
    ManchukuoJapan creates the "independent" state of Manchukuo (under Japanese protection).
  • One million people in Kazakhstan die of famine

     One million people in Kazakhstan die of famine
    1932: One million people in Kazakhstan die of famine
  • A third uprising in Chechnya is repressed by the NKVD

     A third uprising in Chechnya is repressed by the NKVD
    A third uprising in Chechnya is repressed by the NKVD.
  • "festival of Labor"

    "festival of Labor"
    Peasant protest against Count Potocki's "Festival of Labor" (a day of unpaid work on a local highway project) broken up by police and army troops. Six peasants killed and 278 arrested.
  • Work on the Moskow-Volga Canal starts, employing forced labor

    Work on the Moskow-Volga Canal starts, employing forced labor
    Work on the Moskow-Volga Canal starts, employing forced labor
  • Hitler Became chancellor of Germany

    Hitler Became chancellor of Germany
    Nazi Germany
    On January 30, 1933 Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, he quickly eliminated all opposition to rule as sole leader.
  • Hitler & germany

    Hitler & germany
    Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of the German Reich.
  • OWP

    OWP
    Right-wing Camp of Great Poland party (OWP) disbanded as a threat to public security.
  • Peasants stage more than 6,500 peasant revolts against collectivization with thousands of people killed

     Peasants stage more than 6,500 peasant revolts against collectivization with thousands of people killed
    Peasants stage more than 6,500 peasant revolts against collectivization with thousands of people killed. Soviet Union.
  • Japan leaves the league of Nations

    Japan leaves the league of Nations
    Japan Leaves the league of Nations
  • Germany "Reinhardt Program"

    Germany "Reinhardt Program"
    In june 1933 the "Reinhardt Program" was introduced. This program combined indirect incentives such as, tax reductions.
  • Rail line between Cracow and Warsaw

    Rail line between Cracow and Warsaw
    Rail line between Cracow and Warsaw via Kielce Tunnel completed.
  • A pact is made

    A pact is made
    A pact between France, Germany, Great Britain and Italy is signed.
  • Germany leaves the league of nations

    Germany leaves the league of nations
    Germany leaves the Leage of Nations.
  • Germany & poland

    Germany & poland
    Pact of non-aggression and friendship between Germany and Poland.
  • Colonel Bronislaw Pieracki assassinated

    Colonel Bronislaw Pieracki assassinated
    Colonel Bronislaw Pieracki, Minister of the Interior assassinated by Ukrainian nationalists.
  • poland signs pact with Germany

    poland signs pact with Germany
    Poland signs Ten Year Pact of Non-aggression with Germany.
  • Fuji is founded

    Fuji is founded
    Fuji is founded.
  • The Soviet Union enters the League of Nations

    The Soviet Union enters the League of Nations
    The Soviet-Union enters the League of Nations.
  • Germany and the treaty

    Germany and the treaty
    Germany denounces any arms restrictions of the Versailles treaty and introduces the enlistment.
  • Germany violates the treaty

    Germany violates the treaty
    The League of Nations condemns the German violation of the Versailles treaty. No action is taken.
  • France supports soviet union & czech

    France supports soviet union & czech
    Soviet-Czechoslovakian pact, valid only if France supports both parties.
  • The Moskow subway is inaugurated

    The Moskow subway is inaugurated
    The Moskow subway is inaugurated
  • the League ends its sanctions against Italy

    the League ends its sanctions against Italy
    The League ends its sanctions against Italy.
  • Italy & Ethiopia

    Italy & Ethiopia
    Italy and eithiopiaItaly invades Ethiopia.
  • Italy invades Abyssinia

    Italy invades Abyssinia
    Italy invades Abyssinia
  • Germany troops enter Rhineland

    Germany troops enter Rhineland
    German troops enter the Rhineland.
  • German-Italian treaty between Rome and Berlin

    German-Italian treaty between Rome and Berlin
    German-Italian treaty between Rome and Berlin.
  • Anti-Comintern Pact

    Anti-Comintern Pact
    Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact
  • Trotsky moves to Mexico

    Trotsky moves to Mexico
    Trotsky moves to Mexico.
  • Anticomintern Pact between Germany and Japan

    Anticomintern Pact between Germany and Japan
    Anticomintern Pact between Germany and Japan.
  • Japan & China

    Japan & China
  • A clash between Chinese and Japanese troops

    A clash between Chinese and Japanese troops
    A clash between Chinese and Japanese troops ("Marco Polo Incident") lead to a general war
  • The Moskow-Volga Canal is inaugurated

    The Moskow-Volga Canal is inaugurated
    The Moskow-Volga Canal is inaugurated
  • gnaz Reiss is liquidated in Switzerland

    gnaz Reiss is liquidated in Switzerland
    Trotskyist agent Ignaz Reiss is liquidated in Switzerland
  • Roosevelt & Japan

    	Roosevelt & Japan
  • Stalin orders a great purge of the Polish communist party

    Stalin orders a great purge of the Polish communist party
    Stalin orders a great purge of the Polish communist party
  • Italy leaves the League of Nations

    Italy leaves the League of Nations
    Italy leaves the League of Nations.
  • Rape of Nanking

    Rape of Nanking
    Japan captures Nanjing (350,000 Chinese are killed and 100,000 women are raped during the "rape of Nanking")
  • Japan sinks the "Panay" ship

    Japan sinks the "Panay" ship
    Japan sinks the "Panay" ship of the USA.
  • 285,000 Greeks living in Russian cities are deported

    285,000 Greeks living in Russian cities are deported
    285,000 Greeks living in Russian cities are deported to Siberia and to the north
  • Germany: Unemployment is extinct

    Germany: Unemployment is extinct
    Economy in Nazi Germany By 1938 umemployment in Germany was practically extinct, Germany even lacked enough workers to fill the jobs they had.
  • German troops enter Austria

    German troops enter Austria
    German troops enter Austria which is annexed one day later.
  • Trotsky founds the Fourth International

    Trotsky founds the Fourth International
    fourth international Trotsky founds the Fourth International. The fourth international is a communist international organisation.
  • Germany's Of Poland

    Germany's Of Poland
    Adolf HitlerGemany invades PolandHitler(Germany) invaded Poland because he wanted more land to expand Germany. The invasion of Poland resulted in started WWII.