The 19th Century

  • Period: to

    The 19th century

    The fundamental characteristic of this century is that of being a period of great changes. Science and economics grow; The economy would suffer two strong industrial revolutions, the first between 1750 and 1840, and the second between 1880 and 1914.
  • Locomotive

    The first steam locomotive was built by Richard Trevithick in 1804, 21 years before George Stephenson's machine. This machine didn't work because it circulated on iron rails inappropriated for its weight. Until 1825, the use of steam locomotives was exclusive for coal mines.
  • Photography

    A first experimental photographic procedure was the heliogravure, discovered by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in the 1820s. In 1826 he obtained his first image (a view from his window in Le Gras) using a dark camera. The exposure time needed to obtain these images was very long, several hours on a sunny day.
  • Sewing machine

    Sewing machine
    At the beginning of 1800, the clothes were made completely by hand. But in 1846, Elias Howe changed everything, he came up with another way of making clothes patenting the first practical sewing machine. The sewing machine based on its original invention made possible the mass production of clothing on a much larger scale than had been possible.
  • Anesthesia

    The 16th of October of 1846, in Boston,William Morton made a successful demonstration of the use of anesthesia by applying it to a patient, the Dr. John Collins Warren. The doctor was able to remove a tumor from his neck without pain.
  • Lift

    In 1851, Waterman invented the first forklift prototype. It was a simple platform attached to a cable, to raise and lower goods and people.
  • Dirigible

    The first person to make a motor flight was Henri Giffard, who in 1852 flew 27 km in a dirigible propelled by a steam engine. Steam technology was not popularized and other inventors launched their proposals
  • Incandescent light bulb

    Incandescent light bulb
    The German Heinrich Göbel had registered his own incandescent light bulb in 1854, and on July 11, 1874 he gave the pattent to a Russian engineer, Alexander Lodygin, to make an incandescent light bulb. The Russian inventor used a carbon filament. Subsequently, Edison's improvements allowed the bulb to last for a long time.
  • Phone

    In 1854 Antonio Meucci built a telephone but lacked the money to patent his invention, although he patented other inventions. But in 1860 Meucci made public his invention, the "telettrófoni". In a public demonstration the voice of a singer was transmitted in a considerable distance.
  • Bicycle

    One of the inventors of the pedal bicyclist was Pierre Michaux, a blacksmith and French float builder. Together with his son Ernest, they are the inventors of the modern bicycle in 1861.
  • Submarine

    In 1860, the Spanish inventor Cosme García patented the first submarine in Spain and successfully conducted official tests in the port of Alicante. But it was built by Narciso Monturiol and launched in the Port of Barcelona the 2nd of October of 1864, the Ictineo II had an anaerobic engine and it solved the problem of oxygen renewal in an airtight container
  • Typewriter

    The first real successful commercial typewriter was invented in 1872 by Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soulé
  • Fonograph

    The phonograph was the first device capable of reproducing sound. When Thomas Alva Edison announced the invention of his first phonograph, the first piece played was "Mary had a little lamb" the 21 of November of 1877. Edison showed the device for the first time on November 29 of that same year.
  • Car

    The first automobile with an internal combustion engine was created by Karl Friedrich Benz in the city of Mannheim in 1886 with the model Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Soon after, other inventors such as Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach presented their models.
  • Coca Cola

    Coca Cola
    On May 8, 1886 in Atlanta, the pharmacist John S. Pemberton wanted to create a syrup against digestion problems that also contributed energy, ended up with Coca-Cola.
  • Gramophone

    The invention of Berliner was the result of a series of improvements of the phonograph of Thomas Alva Edison. It was less expensive to produce, it had a simpler mechanism, it also had all the characteristics of its precursor and improved them.
  • Plane

    The first plane itself was created by Clément Ader, on October 9, 1890, it was able to take off and fly 50 m. Later he created the Airplane II that flies 200 m in 1892 and later the Airplane III that in 1897 flies a distance of more than 300 m. The Flight of the Aeolus was the first self-propelled flight in the history of humanity.
  • Cinematograph

    The 13th of February of 1895, Auguste and Louis Lumière presented their patent "cinématographe". This term had already been patented previously by Léon Bouly in the year 1892. Nevertheless in the year 1894, the name was freed again and was taken up again by the brothers Lumière
  • Aspirine

    Aspirin was invented by Felix Hoffman in the year 1897 and is used as a medicine to treat pain, fever and inflammation.
  • Vacuum cleaner

    Vacuum cleaner
    In 1901 the first vacuum cleaner (Puffing Billy) was patented. Conceived by the English engineer Hubert Cecil Booth, Puffing Billy was a huge machine, with an electric motor, that sucked the dust.
  • Washing machine

    Washing machine
    The first electric washing machine appeared in 1901, thanks to Alva Fisher, who with a motor turned a drum, although it did not patent its invention until 1910.
  • Cash register

    Cash register
    The electric cash register was invented by Charles Franklin Kettering in 1906, who also created electric ignition and automatic start.
  • Tractor

    In 1907 Henry Ford began to manufacture tractors in series with components of cars, which he named Fordsons, which were very successful. The introduction of the tractor brought agriculture into the modern era.