• Sectionalism

    Sectionalism is "loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole." This happened in the early 1800's and divided the United States due to different views on slavery.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Manifest destiny was belief that its settlers were "destined" to expand across North America. The three main ideas of manifest destiny include: "The special virtues of the American people and their institutions, America's mission to redeem and remake the west in the image of agrarian America, and an irresistible destiny to accomplish this essential duty." (Wikipedia)
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. 316, was a important decision by the Supreme Court. The state of Maryland had attempted to "impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland." The Court determined that Congress did have the power to create the Bank. (Wikipedia)
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    The Adams–Onís Treaty was a treaty between the United States and Spain in 1819 that gave Florida to the U.S. and defined the boundary between the U.S. and New Spain. It settled a dispute between the two countries.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was a United States federal statute created by Henry Clay. It regulated slavery in the country's western territories by prohibiting the practice in the former Louisiana Territory except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri. The compromise was agreed to by both the pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups in the United States Congress and passed as a law in 1820, under James Monroe.
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Santa Fe Trail
    The Santa Fe Trail was a transportation route through North America that connected Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. It helped carry trade to Mexico City.
  • Monroe Doctorine

    Monroe Doctorine
    The Monroe Doctrine was a U.S. foreign policy regarding domination of the Americas in 1823. It said that if European nations tried to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention. It also noted that the United States would not interfere with existing European colonies.
  • Nationalism

    Nationalism is "a shared group feeling in the significance of a geographical and sometimes demographic region seeking independence for its culture and/or ethnicity that holds that group together. This can be expressed as a belief or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with or becoming attached to one's nation." (Wikipedia)
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    The Bureau of Indian Affairs is an agency of the United States, responsible for the administration and management of 55,700,000 acres of land held by the United States for Native Americans.
  • Era of Good Feelings

    Era of Good Feelings
    The Era of Good Feelings is a period in the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans after the Napoleonic War. During this era the Federalist Party collapsed and ended disputes between the Democratic-Republican Party.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    The Tariff of Abominations was a tariff passed by the Congress on May 19, 1828, that was designed to protect industries in the northern United States, during the presidency of John Quincy Adams. The goal of the tariff was to protect industries in the northern United States which were being driven out of business.
  • Jacksonian Democracy

    Jacksonian Democracy
    Jacksonian democracy is the political movement during the Second Party System toward greater democracy for the common man symbolized by Andrew Jackson and his supporters. The era lasted from 1828 to 1850.
  • Spoils system

    Spoils system
    a spoils system is where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its supporters, friends and relatives as a reward for winning, and as an incentive to keep working for the party.
  • States’ rights doctrine

    States’ rights doctrine
    The States' rights doctorine is based on the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution, which says that there are certain rights reserved to the States.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    The Oregon Trail is a 2,200-mile large-wheeled wagon route that connected the Missouri River to Oregon. The eastern part of the Oregon Trail spanned to Kansas, and toNebraska and Wyoming. The western half of the trail spanned to Idaho and Oregon.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was passed by Congress on May 28, 1830, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. The law authorized the president to negotiate with southern Indian tribes for their removalof the land west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands.
  • Nullification crisis

    Nullification crisis
    The Nullification Crisis was a crisis in 1832–33, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson, which involved South Carolina and the federal government, in which South Carolina said that tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional.
  • Whig Party

    Whig Party
    The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century. Three Presidents were members of the Party. It was central to the Second Party System from the early 1830s to the mid-1850s. It originally formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson. In particular, the Whigs supported the Congress over the President.
  • Indian Territory

    Indian Territory
    Indian Territory describes a area of land set aside by the United States for the relocation of Indians. they were removed in exchange for land grants in the area purchased by the United States from Napoleon (the Louisiana Purchase).
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The Trail of Tears was a series of relocations of Native American tribes in the US following the Indian Removal Act. They suffered from exposure, disease, and starvation during the journey, and more than ten thousand died before reaching their destination.
  • Alamo

    The Battle of the Alamo was a big event in the Texas Revolution. After a 13-day siege, Mexican troops launched an assault on the Alamo Mission, killing all of the Texian troops. Eventually, lateron in the war, the Texians came out on top and won the war against Mexico and the land known today as Texas.
  • Donner Party

    Donner Party
    The Donner Party was a group of Americans led by George Donner, who set out for California. They were delayed by a series of mistakes, and they spent the winter snowbound in the Sierra Nevada.
  • Forty-Niners

    The first people to rush were the residents of California themselves along with Native Americans. Women and children of were found panning next to the men.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    The California Gold Rush was a period in which gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. This brought many people including immigrants to try and get some of the gold before it was gone.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo limits and settlement between the United Statesand the Mexico. This treaty ended the Mexican-American war.