By 6666666
  • Louisiana

    Jefferson buys Louisiana from France, doubling the size of the country.
  • Lewis and Clark

    U.S. explorers Lewis and Clark head west on their two-year, 8,000-mile expedition to explore the new Louisiana Purchase territory.
  • National Road

    The first contracts for The National Road are signed and the first 10 miles are constructed westward from Cumberland, Maryland, which will make westward migration possible.
  • war of 1812

  • Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise, precariously balancing the practice of enslavement, holds the Union together, at least temporarily.
  • The Erie Canal

    The Erie Canal opens, making New York the Empire State.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850 over enslavement delays the Civil War.
  • Abolitionist John Brown

    Abolitionist John Brown leads a raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia, hoping to initiate a revolt of enslaved people that would put America back on the path to war.
  • Jefferson Davis president

    Representatives of seceded states meet in Montgomery, Alabama, and form the Confederate States of America, electing Jefferson Davis as president.
  • ironclad warships

    In the first battle of ironclad warships, the Merrimack (which had been rechristened by the Confederates as the Virginia) clashes with the Union Monitor.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. It states that “all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.”
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    After invading the North, Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee meet Union forces at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • President Lincoln is shot

    President Lincoln is shot in Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C., by John Wilkes Booth.