Intellectual 1 year
- begins to put two words together .- names common objects and people.
- understands "no" but ignores.
- finds hidden objects.
- children learn through their senses and own actions.
Feeding at 1 year
- eat a variety of foods.
- finger foods : slices of a banana.
- avoid raw foods : raw carrots.
- use a spoon while eating.
- starts using a training cup : handles, lid, spout, weight bottom.
Physical at year 1
- turns several pages of a book at a time.
- picks up small objects with thumb and forefinger.
- moves objects from hand to hand.
- may walk alone or while holding a caregiver's hand.
- sits down without help.
- slides down stairs backwards, one step at a time.
Social development at year 1
- plays alone but often near others. -dislikes sharing toys -desires approval. -fears some strangers.
Social at 18 months
- begin developing some independence from the family.
- closest relationships are still with their families.
- children don't really interact with one another much.
- parallel play: play near, but not actually with other children.
- child plays independently.
- seem to treat other people more as objects than as human beings.
- understand their actions have consequences for others.
- understanding is limited to actions that have direct, immediate, and physical results.
Emotions at 18 months
- the desire for independence.
- the child's realization of being a seperate person.
- stacks from two to four blocks.
- grasps crayons with a fist and scribbles.
- walks well.
- jumps in place.
- climbs up or down one stair.
- pull toys with wheels.
Intellecutal 2 year
- uses two- to three-word sentences.
- knows about 500 words.
- follows simple directions.
- identifies colors.
- children think in terms of their own activities and what they perceive at the moment.
Socail at age 2
- develop an impressive list of social skills.
- good at understanding and interecting with their main caregivers.
- increasingly able to communticate with other toddlers.
- find it fun to play with others, though usually continue to engage in parallel play.
- like to please other people.
- may refuse to do anything at all for one person, while happily doing almost anything another person asks.
- begin to learn about the rights of others.
Emotions at 2 years
- less at odds with the world.- speech and motor skills have improved.- understands more and is able to wait longer for various needs to be met.- expresses love and affection freely.- seeks approval and praise.
- the child may feel overwhelmed, and frustration becomes anger.
- immaturity and a powerful need for independence clash head-on.
- more sesitive about being: bossed, shown, helped, or directed.
- can be: stubborn, demanding, and domineering.
- feel both independent and dependent.
Feeding at 2 years
- usually feed themselves.
- learn to use a fork.
- improve fine motor skills.
- improve getting nutrition.
- should eat with the rest of the family.
2 through 2.5
- stacks six blocks.
- turns one page of a book at a time.
- picks up objects from the floor without losing balance.
- walks with more coordination and confidence.
- jumps off the bottom step.
- pushes self on wheeled toys.
2.5 through 3
- stacks eight blocks.
- screws lids on and off containers.
- draws circles and horizontal and vertical lines.
- alternates feet going up stairs but not going down.
- runs but may not be able to stop smoothly.
- throws a ball overhead but inaccurately.
3 through 4 years
- stacks nine or ten blocks.
- cuts with scissors.
- draws recognizable pictures.
- jumps up and down in place with both feet.
- catches a ball with arms straight.
- rides a tricycle.
intellecual at 3 years
- uses longer sentences.
- knows about 900 words.
- follows two-part directions.
- sorts by color and shape.
Social development at 3 years
- takes part in brief group activities (cooperative play).
- takes turns.
- likes to help.
- shows affection.
Social at age 3
- people become important.
- will share, help, or do things another person's way just to please someone.
- cooperative play: actually playing with one another.
- parents or other main caregivers are still very important.
- can use several strategies to resolve conflicts.
- increasing ability to evaluate friendships.
- take more notice of what others are like.
- are more likely to compare themselves to others.
Emotions at 3 years
- generally have sunnier dispositions.
- more cooperative.
- learning to be considerate.
- more physically capable, and, therefore, less frustrated.
- more willing to take directions from others.
- modify their behavior in order to win praise and affection.
- have fewer temper tantrums.
- like to talk and are better at it.
- suddenly become very insecure.
- fears are common.- try to ensure their own security by controlling their environment.
Feeding at 3 years
- quite skillful using a spoon and fork.- full set of primary teeth.
- chewing is not a problem.
- meats and all tough foods should be cut into small pieces.