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The Effects of Industrialization on Politics and Citizenship

  • Hands On Approach

    Hands On Approach
    Legislation such as the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 and the Sherman Anti-trust Act led to greater government involvement in the regulations of business than had been the case under the laissez-faire, or "hands-off" approach.
  • Womens Suffrage

    Womens Suffrage
    The NWSA and the AWSA are reunited as the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) under the leadership of Elizabeth Cady Stanton. During this same year, Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr found Hull House, a settlement house project in Chicago's 19th Ward. Within one year, there are more than a hundred settlement houses--largely operated by women--throughout the United States. Suffragettes wanted equal vote for both men an women, and protested against taxation without representation.
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    The Effects of Industrialization on Politics and Citizenship

  • Tarriffs

    During this period the government, despite its laissez-faire approach to business regulation, used tarriffs such as the Tarriff Act of 1890 to protect many American industries.
  • Labor Unrest

    Labor Unrest
    Violence, such as in the Haymarket Square Riot and the Pullman Strike led to a backlash against the labor movement with the exception of Samuel Gompers' American Federation of Labor.
  • Yellow Journalism

    Yellow Journalism
    Joseph Pulitzer's New York World publishes the "Yellow Kid" which became the symbol for yellow journalism, which involved the use of exagerrated stories in order to sell more newspapers than the competition.
  • A New President

    A New President
    After the assassination of William McKinley, vice president Theodore Roosevelt becomes the 26th president of the United States. As president, Roosevelt gained a reputation as a reformer through his efforts at busting trusts, such as John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil.
  • Tammany Hall and the Big City Bosses

    Tammany Hall and the Big City Bosses
    Tammany Hall, the political machine of New York City whose use of patronage as a means of cementing their political control was documented by Lincoln Stefans and other Muckrakers, is dealt a strong blow when Reform candidate Seth Low is elected Mayor of New York.
  • Muller vs. Oregon

    Muller vs. Oregon
    A female employee of Curt Muller asked to work overtime seeks protection from an Oregon law, leading to the supreme court case of Muller v. Oregon, where the court rules that laws protecting women in the workplace are necessary and appropriate.
  • The Muckrakers

    The Muckrakers
    Upton Sinclair writes "The Jungle", an expose of health hazards in the meatpacking industry that leads to calls of reform for the industry--Other notable Muckrakers, such as Lincoln Steffens, Ida M. Tarbell, and others called for reforms to various industries.
  • Another New President

    Another New President
    WIlliam Howard Taft is inaugurated the 27th President of the United States, and carries on many of Roosevelt's business reforms.