Cramer.Katie Shermenti.Renaissance By keshermenti Mar 4, 1276 Giotto He was a magnificent early early realist painter. His work looks so real once a observor had to brush his work off. Mar 4, 1300 movement in Italy A movement began in Italy. This would alter how Europeans viewed themselves and their world. Mar 4, 1401 Masaccio He used light and shadows to create a powerful sense of depth in his paintings. His work showed outstanding depth and contributed a lot to the Renaissance work. Mar 6, 1450 Johannes Gutenberg Scholars believe that in 1450, Johannes Gutenberg of Mainz, Germany, became the first European to use moveanble type to print books. Gutenberg used his printing press to print copies of the Bible. Mar 4, 1452 Leonardo da Vinci He was a man of many talents. His studies in anatomy helped him draw realistic human figures. Mar 6, 1466 Desiderius Erasmus He was the most influential hunanist of northern Europe. His most famous book was entitled The Praise of Folly. Mar 4, 1475 Michelangelo He was a brilliant painter. His sculptures of biblical figures such as David also continue to be admired. Mar 4, 1483 Rafael He became so popular in Florence that the pope hired him to help beautify the Vatican. He is also known for his madonnas, paintings of the Virgin Mary. Mar 4, 1513 Machiavelli He wrote the essay the Prince. he sought to describe government not in terms of lofty ideals but in the way it actually worked. Mar 4, 1528 Castiglione He published what is probably the most famous book of the Renaissance. The book of Courtier, the setting is at the court at Urbino.