World War II Timeline

By dnell
  • End of WWI

    End of WWI
    The final Allied push towards the German border began on October 17, 1918. As the British, French and American armies advanced, the alliance between the Central Powers began to collapse. Turkey signed an armistice at the end of October, Austria-Hungary followed on November 3. Read more:
  • Hitler joins the Nazi Party

    Hitler joins the Nazi Party
    After only two years in the party he was made leader. The reason for this was that Hitler was a brilliant orator with the ability to speak with such conviction that people believed what he said.
  • Fascist Party established under Mussolini in Italy

    Fascist Party established under Mussolini in Italy
    In march 1919 the Fascist Party was established under his leadership. The members wore black shirts and were equipped with arms. The party had its own flag. The members were well disciplined and Mussolini was their chief commander.
  • Mussolini takes over Italy

    Mussolini takes over Italy
    He convinced the government and the King that the fascists would embark on a revolutionary take-over,
  • Death of Vladimir Lenin

    Death of Vladimir Lenin
    After speaking at a factory in Moscow, Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin is shot twice by Fanya Kaplan, a member of the Social Revolutionary party.
  • Establishment of the USSR

    Comprising a confederation of Russia, Belorussia, Ukraine, and the Transcaucasian Federation (divided in 1936 into the Georgian, Azerbaijan, and Armenian republics).
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact Signed

    Kellogg-Briand Pact Signed
    Signed by the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Japan, and a number of other countries. The pact renounced aggressive war, prohibiting the use of war as "an instrument of national policy" except in matters of self-defense.
  • Japanese invasion of Manchuria

    Japanese invasion of Manchuria
    In violation of orders from Tokyo, Kwantung Army commander in chief General Shigeru Honjo ordered that his forces rapidly proceed to expand operations all along the South Manchurian Railway. Under orders from Lieutenant General Jirō Tamon, troops of the 2nd Division moved up the rail line and captured virtually every city along its 693 mile length in a matter of days.
  • Hitler is appointed Chancellor

    Hitler is appointed Chancellor
    Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. Although he initially headed a coalition government, he quickly eliminated his government partners. The Nazi regime restored economic prosperity and ended mass unemployment using heavy spending on the military, while suppressing labor unions and strikes. The return of prosperity gave it enormous popularity, and no serious opposition ever emerged.
  • Roosevelt takes Office

    Roosevelt takes Office
    Roosevelt launched major legislation and a profusion of executive orders that gave form to the New Deal—a complex, interlocking set of programs designed to produce relief (especially government jobs for the unemployed), recovery (of the economy), and reform (through regulation of Wall Street, banks and transportation).
  • Hitler begins military buildup

    Hitler begins military buildup
  • US begins passing Neutrality Acts

    US begins passing Neutrality Acts
    Laws that were passed by the United States Congress in the 1930s, in response to the growing turmoil in Europe and Asia that eventually led to World War II.
  • Italian troops conquer Ethiopia

    Italian troops conquer Ethiopia
    Led by Mussolini
  • German troops invade Rhineland

    German troops invade Rhineland
    Hitler took considerable risks in moving into Rhineland. There was a good chance that France would send troops to resist the German forces and this would mean war.
  • Civil War begins in Spain

    Civil War begins in Spain
    It began after a military rebellion by a group of conservative generals led by Francisco Franco against the established Government of the Second Spanish Republic, then under the leadership of President Manuel Azaña.
  • Japan invades China

    Japan invades China
    Japan had successfully invaded Manchuria in 1931, facing little military resistance from the Chinese and only token resistance from the League of Nations.
  • Hitler announces secret plans for lebensraum

    Hitler announces secret plans for lebensraum
    From the very beginning of his career until his dying day, Adolf Hitler had just two major goals. His primary goal was the forcible acquisition of Lebensraum (living space) for the German people
  • Hitler takes Austria

    Hitler takes Austria
    Hitler took over Austria in 1938 because many links were shared between Germany. He created an 'Anschluss' with Austria. Hitler also was born in Austria and this made him want Austria. Hitler also had the idea of 'Lebensraum' or Living room/space in which he gelt was needed, so he took Austria. Austria did not really mind this as it had economic problems within from being separated from Germany previousl
  • Czechoslovakia falls to Hitler

    Czechoslovakia falls to Hitler
    Began with the Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's northern and western border regions, known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement.
  • Munich Agreement

    Munich Agreement
    In early November 1938, under the first Vienna Award, which was a result of the Munich agreement, Czechoslovakia (and later Slovakia) — after it had failed to reach a compromise with Hungary and Poland — was forced by Germany and Italy to cede southern Slovakia (one third of Slovak territory) to Hungary, while Poland gained small territorial cessions shortly after.
  • Non-Agression Pact

    Non-Agression Pact
    Since fighting a two front war in World War I had split Germany's forces, it had weakened and undermined their offensive; thus, played a large role in Germany losing the First World War. Hitler was determined not to repeat the same mistakes. So, he planned ahead and made a pact with the Soviets - the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact.