Ch. 30 The Turbulent 60s

  • Debate!

    John F Kennedy and Richard M Nixon faced eachother in the nation's 1st televised debate between 2 presidential candidates
  • New Frontier

    New Frontier
    Kennedy's campaign program, promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education healthcare and civil rights
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    biult by the soviet union to seal off their sector of berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    a group of cuban exiles organized and supported by the US Cia landed on the southern coast of cuba in an effort to overthrow fidel castro, ended in disaster
  • Engel v Vitale

    Engel v Vitale
    banned school prayer, incensed many conservatives americans who saw the supremem court as undermining moral values
  • Baker v Carr

    Baker v Carr
    Tennesse had to redistribute its legislative seats to give citizens in memphis equal representation
  • The Other America

    The Other America
    Michael Harrington claimed nearly 1/5 of the nation some 35 million americans were living in poverty
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    the us and soviet union came close to nuclear war when pres. kennedy insisted that nikita khrushchev remove the 42 missiles he had secretly deployed in cuba. the soviets eventually did so and nuclear war was averted
  • Gideon v Wainright

    Gideon v Wainright
    said that defendants had to be provided lawyers, informed of their constitutional rights and could not be interrogated or induced to confess to a crime w/o defense councel present
  • The Feminine Mystique

    The Feminine Mystique
    Betty Friedan, attacked view that women were contented w/ their housekeeping and child rearing tasks, claiming no self esteem and no sense of identity
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    made illegal the segregation of blacks in public facilities, established an equal employment opportunity commission and protected black voting rights
  • Escobedo v Illinois

    Escobedo v Illinois
    holding that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the 6th amendment
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    effectively banned literacy tests for voting rights & provided for federal registrars to asure the franchise to minority voters
  • Miranda v Arizona

    Miranda v Arizona
    made the miranda rights, their right to remain silent, their right to an attorney, and the right to an appointed attorney if they are unable to afford counsel
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    a major offensive by the Viet congress in the cities of South Vietnam. although caught by surprise, American and South Vietnam forces successfully squashed this attack, which was a blow to american public opinion
  • Woodstock

    bethel upstate NY, 400,000 young people indulged in a 3 day festival of rock music, drugs, and sex
  • Grape Growers

    Grape Growers
    Cesar Chavez succeeded in rasing the hourly wage of California farmers from $1.20 to $3.53 by mobilizing a strike against grape growers in the san joaquin valley