WWI & WWII emma smith

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, were both shot to death by a Bosnian Serb nationalist during an official visit to the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo.
  • Russian Revolution

    Russian Revolution
    Two revolutions in 1917, the first as in March, overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November) placed Bolsheviks in power.
  • Paris Peace Conference

    Paris Peace Conference
    The Paris Peace Conference was the meeting that inaugurated the international settlement after WWI.
  • Mussolini's March on Rome

    Mussolini's March on Rome
    The March on Rome was an organized mass demonstration in October 1922 which resulted in Benito Mussolini's national fascist party ascending to power in the Kingdom of Italy.
  • Adolf Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch

    Adolf Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch
    Adolf Hitler and his followers staged the beer hall putsch in Munich, a failed takeover of the government in Bavaria, a state in Southern Germany.
  • Stalin's First Five Year Plan

    Stalin's First Five Year Plan
    The first five- year plan concentrated on developing heavy industry and collectivizing agriculture, at the cost of a drastic fall in consumer goods.
  • Second Italo-Ethiopian War

    Second Italo-Ethiopian War
    This was a brief war between the fascist Italian state and the Ethiopian Empire. This was infamous for the Italians using illegal mustard gas.
  • Germany violates the Treaty of Versailles by reoccupying Rhineland

    Germany violates the Treaty of Versailles by reoccupying Rhineland
    Nazi leader, Adolf Hitler, violates Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact by sending German military forces into Rhineland.
  • Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War
    Military revolt against the Republican government of Spain, supported by conservative elements within the country.
  • Rape of Nanking

    Rape of Nanking
    During the Sino-Japanese war, Nanking, the capital of China, falls to Japanese forces and the Chinese government flees to Hankow, further inland along the Yangtze River. Much of the city was burned and Japanese troops launched a campaign of atrocities against civilians.(Raped at least 20,000 women/little girls. Some were killed in the process)
  • Germany's blitzkrieg on Poland

    Germany's blitzkrieg on Poland
    Germany invaded Poland to regain lost territory and ultimately rule their neighbor to the East. The German invasion of Poland was a primer on how Hitler intended to wage war- what would become the "blitzkrieg" strategy.
  • France Surrenders to the Axis Powers

    France Surrenders to the Axis Powers
    The French government signed an armistice with Nazi Germany just six weeks after the Nazi's launched their invasion of Western Europe.
  • Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    Bombing of Pearl Harbor
    Surprise aerial attacks on the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the U.S. into WWII.
  • Battle of El Alamein

    Battle of El Alamein
    The battle of El Alamein marked the culmination of the WWII North African campaign between the British Empire and the Germany - Italian army
  • Battle of Guadalcanal

    Battle of Guadalcanal
    The WWII Battle of Guadalcanal was the first major offensive and a decisive victory for the Allies in the Pacific Theatre. U.S. marines launched a surprise attack and took control of an airbase under construction.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    The battle of Stalingrad was a brutal military campaign between Russian forces and those of Germany and the Axis powers during WWII. This battle is infamous to be one of the largest, longest, and bloodiest engagements in modern warfare.
  • D-Day

    The allies attacked via air and sea, parachuting troops behind German lines and storming the beaches of Normandy.
  • MacArthur's Plan for Japan

    MacArthur's Plan for Japan
    MacArthur directed the occupation mission with absolute authority. The primary purpose of the occupation was to disarm Japan.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    The Potsdam conference, held near Berlin was the last of the big three meetings during WWII. It was attended by Stalin from Soviet Union and the new American president, Harry S.
  • Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    The United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, respectively. The two bombings killed between 129,000 and 226,000 people.
  • United Nations Formed

    United Nations Formed
    The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly relations among nations.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    This was a U.S. program providing aid to western Europe following the devastation of WWII. It provided more than 15 billion dollars to help the continent.
  • NATO is Formed

    NATO is Formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created by the U.S., Canada, and several western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union.
  • Warsaw Pact is Formed

    Warsaw Pact is Formed
    The Soviet Union and seven of it's European satellites sign a treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact, a mutual defense program that put the Soviets in command of the armed forces of member states.