Joseph Stalin took control of Russia and the Soviet Union when the first leader of the Soviet union died. Wanted to make a model communist state.
62 nations, pledged to never make war again
Was appointed chancelor (prime minister) in 1933
führer (leader) of Nazi party.
Earliest was opened in 1933, camps where jews were moved and lived in hunger, humiliation and were worked to death.
Systematic murder of 11 million people across Europe, more than half were jews.
President from 1933-1945,
Tens of thousands of italian troopsbuilt up.
Effort to keep U.S. out of future wars.
Leader of Spain
Military build up, demilatarized by versailes treaty.
Speech wich called upon peace-loving nations to quarentine aggressor nations.
German troops march into Austria
Germans marched into Austria unopposed making Schuschnigg resign.
Turned Sudetenlandover to Germany without a shot being fired.
British prime minister they signed the Munich Pact. Wanted to avoid war.
He is Chamberlains political rival.To him the Munich Pact was a sameful poilicy of appeasemant.
A night where Nazi gangs attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues.
Was between Germany and the Soviet Union. Agreement not to fight each other if you know what nonagression means. There was a second secret pact agreeing to divide Poland.
Blitzkrieg is a military tactic. Surpise attack bah! Then overwhelm enemy with force.
Soviets invade Finland
After three months of winter fighting, Finland surrender.
Japan, Germany, and Italy. mutual defense treaty
election of 1940
Roosevelt was elected for the third time breaking the tradition begun by George Washington
Germans invade Denmark and Norway
Surprise invasion of Denmark and Norway. Hilter said it was to protect there freedom and independance.
Germans invade Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg
IT WAS A BLITZKRIEG!
German and Italy invade France
Italy invaded France from the south, and Germany from the north.
Battle of Britian
Every night for two months bombers pounded London. September 17th ,1940 Hitler called of invasion of Britain
Act to lend or lease arms and other suplies, total cost of 50 billion
Leader of Japan,
Declaration of principals, secret meeting between Roosevelt and Churchill
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. basically destroying the U.S. pacific fleet in one blow.
Philippines, Corregidor, Douglas MacArthur
Battle of the Philippines , General Douglas MacArthur used Corregidor as Allied headquarters
Car factories would make tanks, planes, boats and command cars. Mechanical pencil makers made bomb parts. The soda drink company filled shells with explosives instead of bottles of soda.
Internment of Japanese
Massive evacuation of Japanese from Hawaii. 110,000 Japanese Americans.
The Battle of Stalingrad
Two objectives, sees oil rich Soviet fields, to capture Stalingrad.
Selective Service (& the G.I)
After Pearl Harbor a lot of people wanted to join the army. Even though a lot of people wanted to join the army, it still wasn't enough so Selective Service drafted more people. G.I is a government issue.
The Battle of the Coral Sea
Americans and Australians intercepted a Japanese strike force
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC)
The WAAC became law. George Marshall stated the WAAC. Women who volunteered would not recive the same rank or benifits.
The Battle of Midway
Suprise attack on Japanese. Japs got destroyed.
Place of Japans first loss on land
The North African Front
The evasion of axis controled North Africa.
War Plans with Churchill and FDR
The war production board creates materials for war.
The Battle of the Atlantic
Organizing ships into convoys. With improve tracking the alies were able to destroy German ships.
The Italian Campaign
18 months of fighting alies drove Germans from Italian soils.
A. Phillip Randolph
President of the Brotherhood of Sleepy Car Porters. Nation leading African American labor leader.
156,000 troops. Normandy penisula. Heavy casualties
The battle of Leyte Gulf & kamikazes
Japan threw entire fleet into and tried out new suicide plane the kamakaze
The Battle of the Bulge
German tanks broke through American defenses, captured 120 american G.I's. Took prisoners and killed them. Germans lost 120,000 troops and 600 tanks and 1600 planes.
Conference, made a new peace keeping body the U.N.
Battle of Iwa Jima
Most well defended island needed base for bombing runs
Truman becomes president
Roosevelt has a stroke and dies and Truman becomes president.
Unconditoinal Surrender/V-E Day
Hitler killed himself.
Battle of Okinawa
Japan's last defensive outpost. 7,600 Americans dead. 110,000 Japanese dead
In defeated Germany, there to make blueprinst on how to get rid of the Nazi party
Nuremberg War Trials
First time in history that leaders of nations were held legally responsible for their actions.
Meant to create nuclear weapons. first detonated on Jul 16.
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki. in total estimating 200,000 people killed