Adolf hitler

WWll Timeline

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    Douglas MacArthur

    A general and field marshal of the Philippine Army who was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s. He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign. He was one of only five men ever to rise to the rank of General of the Army in the U.S. Army.
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    Adolf Hitler

    Became leader of the NSDAP, was imprisoned, wrote his memoir (Mein Kampf- My Struggle) while still imprisoned, became chancellor, and for the most part, started WWII.
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    Joseph Stalin

    Leader of the Soviet Union, turned it into an industrial power, making it the world's second largest economy after WWII, and created a pact with Nazi Germany, which Germany violated and it turned into one of the bloodiest battles of the second World War.
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    Benito Mussolini

    Il Duce;
    Italian dictator, leader of the Fascist party, and supported intervention against Austria-Hungary that held Italian-populated lands in its territories.
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    Emperor Hirohito

    One of five permanent members of the League of Nations, emperor of Japan during WWII, was not prosecuted for war crimes like other world leaders, and before he died, helped make Japan the world's second largest economy.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    A vow to use peaceful means of negotioation (not war).
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    Neutrality Acts

    Passed in the United States to prevent participation in the war, labeling all warring countries as "Belligerents." Mostly caused by the increasing amount of isolationism and non-interventionism.
  • Quarantine Speech

    Given by Franklin D. Roosevelt intending to isolate the violent countries, such as Italy, Germany, and Japan, so that war didn't break out all over the world.
  • Munich Pact

    Allowed Germany to annex a part of Czechoslovakia (the area being known as Sudetenland), even though it was of strategic importance to Czechoslovakia.
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    Sort of like a Bullet Blitz, if you will. When an army is constantly attacking another with all its might and breaks through faster than they can rebuild their front lines.
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    Chester Nimitz

    Five star admiral of the U.S. Navy, He served as Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) from 1945 until 1947 and was the United States' last surviving Fleet Admiral.
  • Non-Agression Pact

    A treaty between two or more countries to avoid conflict and solve problems through peaceful negotiations.
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    Baby Boomer

    A person who was born shortly after WWII, in a mass returning of soldiers and military men, some soon after married and had children. The generation itself is called the "baby boomer generation."
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    Geaorge S. Patton

    Commanded corps, assumed command of the U.S. Third Army, which under his leadership advanced farther, captured more enemy prisoners, and liberated more territory in less time than any other army in history.
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    Winston Churchill

    Prime Minister of Britain during WWII, inspiring citizens throughout the war with speeches and radio broadcasts.
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    War Bonds

    War bonds generate capital for the government and make civilians feel involved in their national militaries. This system is also useful as a means of controlling inflation in such an overstimulated economy by removing money from circulation until hopefully after the war is concluded.
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    Battle of Britain

    First major attack of WWII solely by air, mostly saturation bombing. (Germany attacking Britain)
  • Selective Services Act

    The first peacetime draft in U.S. history. Required men between the ages of 18 and 35 to register for the military and when the United States entered WWII, it required all men between the ages of 18 and 65 to register.
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    Second Great Migration

    More than five million African-Americans moved north, midwest, and west to larger cities for more skilled jobs in the defense industry and also to possibly escape the bad treatment of the south.
  • Four Freedoms Speech

    Given by Franklin D. Roosevelt; four freedoms stated that all Americans should have were:
    1.) Freedom of speech
    2.) Freedon of worship
    3.) Freedom from want
    4.) Freedom from fear
  • Land-Lease Act

    Supplied Allied nations with materials during WWII.
  • Stalingrad

    Battle between Nazi Germany and Soviet Union over control of the city of Stalingrad. Nearly two million losses to German army, turning the war from Germany's main control.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Surprise attack on Hawaiian naval base by Japanese airforce. 188 U.S. aircrafts were destroyed, 2,402 Americans were killed, and 1,282 Americans were wounded.
  • War Production Board

    Made sure everything needed for war was made and that extras weren't produced. It rationed such things as gasoline, heating oil, metals, rubber, paper and plastics.
    Rationing- goverment controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime.
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    Japanese Internment

    People of Asian ethnicity were sent to camps where they were help during the war and, some, for years after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, resulting in famous the trial of Korematsu vs. United States.
  • Women's Army Corps

    Women's branch of the United States Army, created to give women the opportunity to serve in non-combattant roles.
  • Battle of Midway

    United States was victorious over the Imperial Japanese Navy attack against Midway Atoll. Inflicted irrepairable damage to the Japanese fleet.
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    Manhattan Project.

    The Manhattan Project was a reasearch and the development of the Atomic Bomb the father of the Atomic bomb is J. Robert oppenhimer.
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    Steel Pennies are Made in U.S.

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    Casablanca Conference

    Held in order to plan the Allied strategy for the next phase of the war.
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    Rosie the Riveter

    Was portrayed as the ideal woman worker: loyal, efficient, patriotic, and pretty.
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    Tehran Conference

    First conference held between the "Big Three" Allied leaders. Opened second front against Nazi Germany by the Western Allies.
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    GI Bill

    Eased the return of World War 2 veterans by providing education and employment aid.
  • D-Day (Operation Overlord)

    D-Day (Operation Overlord)
    Also known as the invasion of Normandy. Happened in two phases.
    Phase one: Landed 24,000 American, Canadian, British, and Free French Airborne troops (Just after midnight)
    Phase two: Amphibious landings of Allied infantry and armoured divisions (6:30 am)
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    Nuremberg Trials

    Trials in which Nazi leaders were chargerd with crimes.
  • Korematsu vs. United States

    Ordered Japanese Americans to be put into internment camps, Korematsu claimed it unconstitutional to act against only one group of people. The court case ruled against Korematsu.
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    Battle of the Bulge

    Name was given to it because of the way the Allied front line bulged inward on wartime news maps, which was reported in the contemporary press as the Battle of the Bulge. It included the American effort to contain and later defeat the German drive.
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    Iwo Jima

    The first battle between the U.S. and the Japanese on Japanese territory, won by America. Targeted also for its three airfields.
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    Iwo Jima

    need specific day mk
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    Largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War in WWII. Okinawa was targeted in order to be captured and used as a base for air operations, only 340 miles from mainland Japan.

    One of many islands taken in the Pacific Ocean with the tactic called "Island Hopping," where you literally jumpt from island to island and capture each one as you go.
  • V-E Day

    "Victory in Europe Day"
    Formal surrender of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, the name for Nazi Germany while it was in its totalitarian state.
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    Potsdam Conference

    Meant to decide how to punish Nazi Germany, which had unconditionally surrendered on May 8 (V-E Day). Also to establish post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of the war.
  • V-J Day

    The day of Japanese surrender in WWII.
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    Middle Class

    Many fondly remember the 1950s and the 1960s as the "golden age" of America.