Historical Events

By Klypz
  • Arch Duke Ferdinand is assassinated.

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are shot by a Bosnian Serb nationalist during an official visit to the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo. This action sparked a chain of events that led to World War. June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Powers signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially marking the end of World War I.
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    WW1 TIME PERIOD

    World War 1 began as a war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. It grew into a war involving 32 countries. The Allies: Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States, fought against the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.
  • The Sinking of the Lusitania

    On May 1, 1915, the Lusitania left port in New York for Liverpool to make her 202nd trip across the Atlantic. Being a very famous and popular ocean liner, was carrying 1,959 people, 159 of whom were Americans. German U-boats spotted and targeted this innocent ship in British waters. At 1:40 p.m., the U-boat launched a torpedo, unknowingly inferiating many people, and forcing the U.S into war, sunk the ship, killing almost everyone on board.
  • War Industries Board est. to regulate production in WW1.

    A committee created before World War I whose task was to help mobilize the American economy for possible war. It began in 1916 as the Council on National Defense, a cabinet committee created by Congress
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    Russian Communist Revolution

    The Russian Revolution started in 1917, during the last phase of World War I. Russia was forced to remove itself from the war and brought the transformation of the Russian Empire into the USSR.
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    Espionage and Sedition Acts passed by Congress

    The Espionage Act allowed the government to open mail to prevent anti-war propoganda from spreading. The Sedition Act allowed the arrest ofcitizens who criticized or undermined the war effort and the government.
  • Russia wthdraws from WW1

    The shortage of supplies and food lead to the Russian Revolution in 1917. Russia couldn't take any more loss as it was, so naturaly, they declined from the first World War.
  • Food Administration set up under Herbert Hoover

    Herbert Hoover was made the head of the U.S Food Administration when Woodrow Wilson declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917. He was responsible for supplying food to both U.S and allied troops on the ground as well as for the domestic population.
  • Passage of Selective Service Act

    U.S Congress passes the Selective Service Act, giving the U.S. president, Woodrow Wilson, the power to draft soldiers. this Act required all men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for military service. Within a few months, about 10 million men across the country had registered into the military draft.
  • Woodrow Wilson presents his Fourteen Points Peace Plan

    On January 1918, Woodrow Wilson had issued his Fourteen Points Peace Plan as a basis for peace. He also had an idea for a League of Nations to maintain world peace. He wanted to place the trust for future world peace in the hands of the League of Nations.
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    Worldwide flu epidemic kills 30 million

    The flu pandemic of 1918 to 1919 infected an estimated 500 million people worldwide. About 1/3 of the planet’s population at the time, and killed an estimated 20 million to 50 million victims, more than 25 percent of the U.S. population became sick, and some 675,000 Americans died during the pandemic
  • National War Labor Board

    Appointed by President Woodrow Wilson on 8 April 1918, this board was established to settle labor disputes.
  • Austia-Hungary surrenders to the Allies

    The Nazi leadership knew the war was over. After Hitler committed suicide, the leaders of the country threw in the towel.
    Austria-Hungary surrendered on November 3rd, 1918.
  • Armistice ends WW1

    November 11, an armistice was signed in a railroad car parked in a French forest near the front lines. The terms of the agreement called for the fighting along the entire Western Front to stop at precisely 11 AM that morning.
  • The Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles, signed in the Versailles Palace outside Paris on June 28, 1919, between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany, brought World War I to an end. The Treaty pinned the blame on Germany, forced them to pay reparations for the war, and reduce their army.
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    Prohibition Era

    The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.This amendment banned the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors. This period in time is also known as the prohibition. Prohibition officially began in the United States on January 16, 1920, a full year after the ratification of the 18th Amendment. Prohibition ended with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment, which repealed the Eighteenth Amendment, on December 5, 1933.
  • Benito Mussolini appointed as Prime Minister

    In order to avoid plunging Italy into a civil war, the king of Italy declared Benito Mussolini as the Prime Minister of Italy in 1922. He remained Prime Minister till 1943 and lead Italy into World War II
  • Charles Lindenburgh makes first nonstop transantlantic flight

    On May 20, 1927, at 7:52 a.m., the Spirit of St. Louis accelerated down the runway off Long Island and lifted into the sky while a crowd of 500 watched. The plane barely cleared the telephone wires at the end of the strip. However
    after traveling more than 3,600 miles in 33 and a half hours, Lindbergh landed safely in Paris.
  • Amelia Earheart crosses the Antlantic

    Amelia Earheart crosses the Antlantic
    In 1928, Amelia Earhart received a phone call that changed her life. She was invited to become the first woman passenger to cross the Atlantic Ocean in a plane. "The idea of just going as 'extra weight' did not appeal to me at all," she said, but she accepted the offer nonetheless. On June 17, after several delays due to bad weather, Amelia Earhart flew in a plane named Friendship with co-pilots Wilmer "Bill" Stultz and Louis "Slim" Gordon. The plane landed at Burry Port, South Wales.
  • Hirohto becomes emperor of Japan

    On December 25, 1926, Hirohito becomes Emperor Hirohito when Emperor Taisho dies. Emperor Hirohito’s reign officially began in November 10, 1928, at Kyoto, Japan.
    He began a military buildup, which led to WW2 with the attack on Pearl Harbor after several attacks on China and a dream of Pacific domination.
  • The Stock Market Crashes "Black Tuesday"

    The Stock Market Crashes "Black Tuesday"
    Investors traded 16,410,030 shares on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day! Billions of dollars were lost, wiping out thousands of investors. In the aftermath of Black Tuesday, America plummeted into the Great Depression.
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    The Dust Bowl

    Tons of topsoil were blown off barren fields and carried in storm clouds for hundreds of miles. Technically, the driest region of the Plains – southeastern Colorado, southwest Kansas and the panhandles of Oklahoma and Texas became known as the Dust Bowl. Many dust storms started there, but the entire region, and eventually the entire country, was affected.
  • Japanese Attack Northern China

    Japanese Attack Northern China
    In 1931, the Japanese Army attacked Chinese troops in Manchuria, an event known as the Manchurian Incident. Essentially, this was an attempt by the Japanese Empire to gain control over the whole province, in order to encompass all of East Asia. This proved to be one of the causes of World War II.
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    The Boulder Dam Project

    Constructed between 1931 and 1936 during the Great Depression, the Boulder Dam (Hoover Damn) was dedicated on September 30, 1935, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Its construction was the effort of thousands of workers, and cost over one hundred lives. The dam was named after President Herbert Hoover after much dicussion.
  • Hoover Disbands the Bonus Army

    Hoover Disbands the Bonus Army
    In 1924,Congress voted to give WW1 veterans a bonus, but not to be paid until 1945. In 1932 the US experienced a period of depression. As a result, about 15,000 vets and their families went to Washington D.C. They built and lived in shacks on the front lawn of the White House. Congress voted a bill to grant their demands, but they still refused to leave. After they were warned and ordered many times to move out, the army was called in to move them out by force causing many injuries.
  • Herbert Hoover elected President

    Hoover became the Republican Presidential nominee in 1928. He said then: "We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land." His election seemed to ensure prosperity. Yet within months the stock market crashed, and the Nation spiraled downward into depression.
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    Hitler comes to power

    http://www.johndclare.net/Weimar7.htm Adolf Hitler Comes to power in Germany in the year 1933, and plans on seizing control of it, as well as other countries. Miraculously, using the unfortunate aftermath of WW1,
  • First Fireside Chat by FDR

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt's First Fireside Chat was "The Banking Crisis". FDR used the radio to explain his policies to the American public.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps

    Civilian Conservation Corps
    http://siliconcowboy.wordpress.com/2010/04/10/fdrs-civilian-conservation-corps-was-created-on-april-10-1933/April 5, 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps. was founded.
    The Civilian Conservation Corps was established for employing young men and improving the government's vast holdings of western land.
  • Congress creates the SEC

    http://www.sec.gov/about/whatwedo.shtml
    The mission of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is to protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation. The SEC was also established to help build the public's confidence.
  • Hitler sets up Dachau

    http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/triumph/tr-dachau.htm
    Dachau one of the first concentration camps established by the Nazis, was located in the small town of Dachau approximately 10 miles northwest of Munich. The location at Dachau was selected by the Nazis because it was the site of an empty munitions factory from WW1, which was ideal for the establishment of a camp.
  • Works Administration Act

    http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/wpa-established-by-congressIn April 1935, the WPA was established under the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act, as a means of creating government jobs for some of the nation's many unemployed.
  • Congress pass the Social Security Act

    Congress pass the Social Security Act
    http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Congress-Passes-Social-Security-Act.html
    On Aug. 14, 1935, Pres. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act, a system of old-age benefits for workers, victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped.
  • Civil War in Spain

    <a href='https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&qscrl=1&rlz=1T4DKUS_enUS323&q=Civil+War+in+Spain&ion=1&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&bvm=bv.41248874,d.b2I&biw=1024&bih=629&wrapid=tlif135847210159710&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=r6P4UKaeKYKh2QW60oGoDQ' > (1936-39), A military revolt against the Republican government of Spain. When an initial military group failed to win control of the entire country, a civil war had ignited. The Nationalists, as the rebels were called, received help from Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.
  • Jesse Owens wins 4 medals at Olympics in Germany

    Owens' four-gold haul in the 1936 Games is the greatest performance in the history of sport, even if he didn't treat it that way. No one could have questioned Owens had he turned his back on Hitler as he stood on the medal stand four times, Nazi salutes all around him.
  • The Hindenburg Disaster

    The Hindenburg Disaster
    https://www.google.com/search?q=the+hindenburg+disaster+of+1937&hl=en&tbo=d&rlz=1T4DKUS_enUS323&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=GKX4UOqVEJHtqAHC5oD4BQ&ved=0CAoQ_AUoAA&biw=1024&bih=629At 7:25 p.m. on May 6, 1937, while the Hindenburg was attempting to land at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey, a flame appeared on the outer cover of the rear of the Hindenburg. Within 34 seconds, the entire airship was consumed by fire.
  • Aggriculture Adjustment Act

    Aggriculture Adjustment Act
    Restricted agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies not to plant part of their land and to kill off excess livestock. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus and raise the value of crops.
  • Orson Welles' broadcast of "War of the Worlds"

    "Ladies and gentlemen, we interrupt our program of dance music to bring you a special bulletin from the Intercontinental Radio News. At twenty minutes before eight, Central Time, Professor Farrell of the Mount Jennings Observatory, Chicago, Illinois, reports observing several explosions of incandescent gas, occurring at regular intervals on the planet Mars. The spectroscope indicates the gas to be hydrogen and moving towards the Earth with enormous velocity..." (actual qoute from radio program)
  • Kristallnacht

    During the German Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass), 7500 Jewish businesses are looted, 191 synagogues are set afire, nearly 100 Jews are killed, and tens of thousands are sent to concentration camps.
  • Hitler and Stalin sign a Non-aggression Pact

    Hitler was planning against the possibility of a two front war. Since fighting a two front war in WW1 had split Germany's forces, it had weakened their offensive. This, played a large role in Germany losing the First World War. Hitler was determined not to repeat the same mistakes. So, he planned ahead and made a pact with the Soviets - the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact.
  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany invades Poland
    http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/09/01/sept-1-1939-nazi-germany-invades-poland-startingworld-war-ii/ September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. The Polish army was defeated within weeks of the invasion. France and England declared war against Germany on Sept. 3, but neither country was prepared to fight and would not have enough military forces until the next year.
  • Britain and France Declare War

    Britain and France declare war on Germany honoring their commitment to Poland.President Franklin D. Roosevelt invokes the Neutrality Act but notes, "Even a neutral cannot be asked to close his mind or his conscience."
  • Japan, Germany, and Italy sign the Tripartite Pact

    The Axis powers are formed as Germany, Italy, and Japan become allies with the signing of the Tripartite Pact in Berlin. The Pact provided for mutual assistance should any of the signatories suffer attack by any nation not already involved in the war. This formalizing of the alliance was aimed directly at "neutral" America--designed to force the United States to think twice before venturing in on the side of the Allies.
  • German General Rommel surrenders in North Africa

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    WW2

    Hitler's attack on Poland, September 1st, 1939. Britain and France had defense treaties with Poland, and declared war on Germany two days later. The US and the Soviet Union were drawn into the war in 1941. The war in Europe ended with Germany's surrender in May, 1945.
  • Lend Lease Act

    Passed on March 11, 1941, this act set up a system that would allow the United States to lend or lease war supplies to any nation deemed "vital to the defense of the United States."
  • Hitler invades the Soviet Union

    Germany invades the Soviet Union violating the Nonaggression Pact. U.S. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson estimates that it will take Hitler less than three months to conquer the Soviet Union
  • Pearl Harbor

    President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy." On that day, Japanese planes attacked the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory. The bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans
  • WWII War Production Board

    The purpose of the board was to regulate the production and allocation of materials and fuel during World War II in the United States of America.
  • Japanese Internment Camps

    On December 7th 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. US citizens feared another attack and war hysteria seized the country.State representatives put pressure on President Roosevelt to take action against those of Japanese descent living in the US.On February 19th 1942 Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. Under the terms of the Order, some 120,000 people of Japanese descent living in the US were removed from their homes and placed in internment camps.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    was the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II.
  • D-Day Invasion

    Invasion of Normandy was the invasion and establishment of Allied forces in Normandy, France, during Operation Overlord in 1944 during World War II. It was the largest amphibious operation ever to take place.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    was a major German offensive (die Ardennenoffensive) launched through the densely forested Ardennes mountain region of Wallonia in Belgium, and France and Luxembourg on the Western Front towards the end of World War II
  • V-E Day and V-J day

    What is V-E Day? V-E Day stands for Victory in Europe Day.
    It marks a very important event in World War 2 - the end of the War with Germany on Tuesday 8 May 1945.
    Read more here What is V-J Day? V-J Day stands for Victory in Japan Day.
    It marks a very important event in World War 2 - the day Japan surrendered to the Allies after almost six years of war on 15 August 1945. V-E Day stands for Victory in Europe Day.
    It marks a very important event in World War 2 - the end of the War wi
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/651424/Yalta-Conference major World War II conference of the three chief Allied leaders, President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain, and Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, which met at Yalta in the Crimea to plan the final defeat and occupation of Nazi Germany.
  • Iwo Jima

    Iwo Jima
    This was one of the major battles in WW2
  • Seven Year occupation of Japan by United States

    During the seven year occupation from 1945 until 1952, the Americans restructured the Japanese government and gave Japan the footing after its post WWII demise.
  • Bombing of Hiroshima

    The atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II in 1945. These two events represent the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date.
  • Bombing of Nagaski

    The atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II in 1945. These two events represent the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date.
  • Nuremburg War Trials

    Nuremburg War Trials
    Nuremberg War Crime Trials
    The Nuremberg War Crime Trials were held between 1945 to 1949. However, the most famous trials at Nuremberg were those of the major war criminals and these were held from November 20th, 1945 to October 1st, 1946.