Dresden after bombing1

MESCH E: Key Events, Turning Points & Personalities of World War Two

By MESCH
  • Black Tuesday: Stock Market Sets off Great Depression 24 October 1929

    Black Tuesday: Stock Market Sets off Great Depression 24 October 1929
    The beginning of the stock market began crash in 1929. The market lost 11% of its value when it opened, but Wall Street workers were able to hold off the slide by investing in blue chip stocks. However, after this, on Black Monday ( 28 Oct) and Black Tuesday (Oct 29) the stock market fell further, beginning the Great Depression (Mr. A).
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    Causes, key events & impacts of World War Two

  • The Manchurian Incident September 18, 1931 - February 18, 1932

    The Manchurian Incident was a staged event through which Japan was able to invade the Chinese province of Manchuria. After succesfully taking control of Manchuria, Japan created the independent state of Manchuko. This was a puppet state which means that Japan controlled it even though they insisted that it was independent. When the international community discovered that the reason for the Japanese invasion was stage, Japan was removed from the League of Nations leading to diplomatic isolation.
  • Japanese Invasion of Manchuria September 19th, 1931 - February 27th 1932

    Japanese Invasion of Manchuria September 19th, 1931 - February 27th 1932
    The Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan, invaded Manchuria September the 19th, 1931. A few days prior the Mukden Incident also known as the Manchurian Incident occurred. It was an event which was instigated by the military to prepare northern China for the invasion. The invasion was the start of the second Sino-Japanese War. (Olivia)
  • Finnish_Soviet War

    Finnish_Soviet War
    This war is also reffered to as the 'Winter War' which was between FInland and Soviet Union. Soviet Union wanted to take over FInland so the attacked them, they had world sympathy so many troops were sent to help them but USSR was no competion for them.
  • Hitler becomes Chancellor on 30th of January, 1933

    Hitler becomes Chancellor on 30th of January, 1933
    On the 30th of January 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed as Chancellor by President Hindenburg. After having won over Hitler in the presidential campaign, Hindenburg was pushed to appointing Hitler to a leader of a government "independant from parliamentary parties" [in letter to Hindenburg from industrialists i.e. Franz von Papen & Alfred Hugenberg] (Valerie).
  • The Long March

    The Long March
    The Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) army. It was the retreat during the Chinese civil war. It wasn't one long march it was many marches. The Chinese communists' marches added up to a total of 10000km!
  • Neutrality Acts August 31, 1935 - 1939

    Neutrality Acts August 31, 1935 - 1939
    The first Neutrality Act was signed August 31, 1935. Roosevelt signed this act, in order to allow the trading of weapons and war materials with all participating parties. The Neutrality Act in 1936, renewed the provions of the previous act. In 1937, the Congress withdrew weapon trading with Spain. Also the "cash and carry" provision had been set into motion. In 1939, the "cash and carry" provision was renewed. (Olivia)
  • Remilitarization of Rhineland on 7th of March, 1936

    Remilitarization of Rhineland on 7th of March, 1936
    The remilitarization of the Rhineland took place on the 7th of March, 1936 by the German Army. This military move was a violation to the Locarno Treaties and the Treaty of Versailles. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, German forces believed they needed to regain the Rhineland in order to invade France and Poland. Hitler originally wanted to invade the Rhineland in 1937, yet changed his mind in January 1936. (Valerie)
  • Spanish Civil War July 17th, 1936 -April 1st, 1939

    Spanish Civil War July 17th, 1936 -April 1st, 1939
    The right-wing generals lead by José Sanjurjo, initiated the war against the Government of the Second Spanish Republic. Conservative groups, fascist groups, and monarchists supported the rebel coup. The initial conflict was the seperation in inspiration. (Olivia)
  • The Bombing of Guernica

    The Bombing of Guernica
    German Nazi troops practicing their tactic "Blitzkrieg " under realistic conditions in the city of Guernica, Spain which was mainly made up of Basque people.
  • Second Sino-Japanese War from July 7,1937 to September 9, 1945

    Second Sino-Japanese War from July 7,1937 to September 9, 1945
    The Second Sino-Japanese War was (primarily) between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China. Between 1937 and 1941, China was supported by Germany, the Soviet Union and the USA. In 1941, after the attack of the Japanese on Pearl Harbor, the war turned into what was known as the Pacific War. The Second Sino-Japanese War began after a series of "incidents" between the Chinese and Japanese armies. One of the most important "incidents" was 1937 the Marco Polo Bridge incident. (Valerie)
  • Hossbach Conference (Chieri Higa)

    Hossbach Conference (Chieri Higa)
    This was a meeting between Adolf Hitler and German foreign policy leaders where Hitler outlined his future plans to take over Europe. This conference was a marking point for Hitler’s foreign policy moving into extremes. Hitler revealed that he did not desire war in 1939, but wanted a war with Britain and France between 1941-1944. Friedrich Hossbach was the recorder of the meeting. The Reich foreign minister, War Minister, Army Commander General, Kriegsmarine commander, and Luftwaffe commander
  • The Nanking Massacre 13 December 1937

    After Imperial Japan invaded the Republic of China and capture the capital city of Nanking, the Imperial Japanese Army massacred the citizens and unarmed soldiers of the city of Nanking. Over a period of 6 weeks widespread rape and looting occured meanwhile 250,000 to 300,000 people were killed.
  • Anschluss March 12, 1938

    Anschluss March 12, 1938
    Austria became vulnerable and weak after the first world war, and Hitler believed that Germany would have to expand. So Hilter decided to unite Austria with Germany. He was fond of the Grossdeutschland, Lebensraum & Volksdeutscher concepts. In March 1939, Germany annexed Austria, and once again Germany and Austria collaborated and were united. (Olivia)
  • The Evian Conference 6 July 1938

    The Evian Conference 6 July 1938
    The Evian Conference was convened at the initiative of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt in July 1938 to discuss the issue of increasing numbers of Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi persecution. From the 6-13 July, representatives from 31 countries around the world met at Evian-les-Bains in France. United States and Britain refused to take in substantial numbers of Jews, the conference was ultimately seen as a failure by Jews and their sympathizers. (Alex Alon)
  • Munich Agreement/Pact on 29/30 of September in 1938

    Munich Agreement/Pact on 29/30 of September in 1938
    From the 29th to the 30th September of 1938, Hitler invited GB's Chamberlain, French representative Deladier and Italy's Mussolini to the Munich Conference. Here, Hitler portrayed his want to invade the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia, in order to join German-speakers into one major empire. The four countries came to an agreement, yet this violated the Treaty of Versailles, and in addition France dishonoured their military alliance with Czechoslovakia (did not intervene in Hitler's plans)(Valerie)
  • Neville Chamberlain's "Peace for our time" Speech on the 30th of September 1938

    Neville Chamberlain's "Peace for our time" Speech on the 30th of September 1938
    After returning from the Munich Conference held by Hitler, the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain stated "I believe it is peace for our time". He thought he had saved Europe from another War, yet unknowing that this War was still to take place. Chamberlain was pleased with the outcome of the Conference in Munich. (Valerie)
  • Reichskristallnacht Prgrom November 9-10, 1938

    Reichskristallnacht Prgrom November 9-10, 1938
    Reichskristallnacht is also knows as the Night of Broken Glass or Novemberpogrom. It was a series of co-ordinated attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and the Nazi parts of Austria. The task was carried out by the SA stormtroopers, such as ordinary civilians. (Olivia)
  • Invasion of Czechoslovakia March 23, 1939

    Invasion of Czechoslovakia March 23, 1939
    In March 1939, after the Anschluss between Germany and Austria, the next target which Hitler wanted to occupy was Czechoslovakia. Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles and the Munich Agreement by going after Czechoslovakia without consent. Hungary and Poland also profited from the invasion. Poland expanded with a little Industrialization area, and Hungary with a pretty big chunk of the country. Durning the invasion, no shots were fired. (Olivia)
  • Siegfried Line 1938-1940

    Siegfried Line 1938-1940
    The Sigfried line was a line of defensive forts and tank defences built by Germany as a section of the Hindenburg Line (1916–1917) in northern France during World War I. The Germans themselves called this the Westwall, but the Allies renamed it after the World War I line. (Alex Alon)
  • Pact of Steel

    Pact of Steel
    Originally called the pact of Blood, this was an alliance between Italy's Mussolini and Germany's Hitler. Signed between Joachim von Ribbentropf and Galeazzo Ciano on May 22, 1939, this agreement was a pact of 'friendship', and MDA. It agreed that Italy and Germany would stay in communication and consult about international happenings. They also agreed to have similar economic policies and in addition, agreed secretly to promote Facism through propaganda in other countries. (chieri higa)
  • Case White

    Case White
    The strategic plan of Nazi Germany to invade Poland, also known as 'Fall Weiss'
  • Enigma Captured (25th July, 1939)

    Enigma Captured  (25th July, 1939)
    The Enigma Machine was used by the Germans to send Secret Messages. It was invented by a German Engineer named Arthur Scherbius. It was given to the British and French by the polish Cipher Bureau on the 25th of July 1939. The allies where able to decode a vast number of messages in WWII. (Seb)
  • The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact August 23, 1939

    The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact August 23, 1939
    The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact was a Non-Aggression Treaty between Germany and the Soviet Union. The pact stated that they would stay neutral, and would not start a conflict in a situation of being attacked by a third country. Due to the territory split, the USSR took over Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Eastern Poland. Germany on the other hand gained control over Western Poland. (Olivia)
  • Nazi Invasion of Poland Sep 1st - October 6th, 1939

    Nazi Invasion of Poland Sep 1st - October 6th, 1939
    In September 1939 the Nazis invaded Poland, this is also known as the September Campaign or 1939 Defensive War. Not only Nazi Germany invaded Polang, the Soviet Union and a small part of Slovak contingent were also part of the procedure. The invasion took place exactly one week after the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact was signed. The invasion ended one month later, with the annexation and the dividing of Poland. (Olivia)
  • Battle of the Atlantic

    Battle of the Atlantic
    The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest military campaign during WWII, it lasted until the defeat of Germany in 1945, It was a naval battle so Germany U-boats against Britain's merchant marine, it was a fail attempt to blockade British Isles, Some believe is was the most important battle to WWII because the success of every other campaign in every other theater of war depended upon its success.
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    The Phony War, September 1939-May 1940

    An early phase of WWII between the months after Britain and France's delcaration of war on Germany and before the Battle of France. During this time span the Western Allies did not launch any major military operations against the German Reich. Also refered to as the Twilight War (by Winston Churchill), der Sitzkrieg (the sitting war: a play on Blitzkrieg), the Bore War (a play on Boer War), dziwna wojna (strange war), and drôle de guerre (strange/funny war). (Vlada)
  • Soviet Invasion of Poland

    Soviet Invasion of Poland
    In the fall of 1939 Soviet Union invaded Poland after signing the Non-Agression Pact with Germany and adding a secret part saying that they would share Poland.
  • Soviet invasion of Baltics

    Soviet invasion of Baltics
    After the Non-Agression Pact between Germany and Soviet Union, it allowed them both to annex Poland and gain control over it, it also made it clear that Germany could not intervene with Soviet while they take over control.
  • Katyn Massacre,April and May 1940

    Katyn Massacre,April and May 1940
    22,000 Polish officers, policemen, and civil servants were murdered by the Soviet Secret Police, are probably the most notoriously senseless of Stalin's crimes. Ezhov probably shot more ethnic Poles in 1937 and 1938, but they were Soviet citizens. (Balota Vlad )
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    The Invasion of Norway and Denmark (Operation Weserübung), 9 April-10 June 1940

    Germany invades Denmark and Norway as a preventive manoeuvre against the planned Franco-British occupation of Norway. The German Wehrmacht occupied the Norway and the government was taken over by the Reichskommissariat Norwegen while the actual Norwegian king and government were in exile in London. Occupying Norway was profitable for Germany as they could use the coast for naval base units. The occupation lasted until the end of WWII. (Vlada)
  • Case Yellow (Fall Gelb) Executed 10 May 1940

    Case Yellow (Fall Gelb) Executed 10 May 1940
    The first operation of the two operations in Battle of France during which Germany invaded France and the Low Countries. During Case Yellow German military forces pushed through the Ardennes (a region that extends through Belgium, Luxembourg, and France) to cut off and surround the Allied units that had advanced into Belgium. (Vlada)
  • Invasion of the Netherlands 10 May 1940

    Invasion of the Netherlands 10 May 1940
    The Invasion of the Netherlands was part of Case Yellow which was the German invasion of the Low Countries such as the Netherlands and France during World War II. The battle lasted from 10 May 1940 until the main Dutch forces surrendered on the 14th. The German Luftwaffe utilised paratroopers in the capture of several major airfields in the Netherlands such as Rotterdam and The Hague, in order to immobalise the Dutch forces. Germany created the Reichskommissariat Niederlande. (Alex Alon)
  • Invasion of Belgium 10–28 May 1940

    Invasion of Belgium 10–28 May 1940
    The Invasion of Belgium or the Belgian Campaign was formed by part of the greater Battle of France during the Second World War. It took place over 18 days in May 1940 and ended with the German occupation of Belgium following the surrender of the Belgian Army. Germany established Free Belgian Forces. (Alex Alon)
  • Invasion & Fall of France

    Invasion & Fall of France
    More than 2 million Germans invaded France using Blitzkrieg tactic. France held on until June 22, 1940 and then signed an armistice with Germany.
  • Dunkirk Evacuation ( Battle of Dunkirk) 26 May- 4 June 1940

    Dunkirk Evacuation ( Battle of Dunkirk) 26 May- 4 June 1940
    It was a battle in the WWII between the Allies and Germany. This was the evacuation of Allied soliders from the beacehs and harbour of Dunkirk, France, between 26 May and 3 June 1940, because the British, French and Belgian troops were cut off by the German army during the Battle of Dunkirk in the WWII. ( Yewon Yoo)
  • Case Red (Fall Rot) Executed 5 June 1940

    Case Red (Fall Rot) Executed 5 June 1940
    The second operation of the two operations in Battle of France during which Germany invaded France and the Low Countries. During Case Red German forces outflanked hte Maginot Line and pushed deep into France. Italy declared war on France on 10 June. Soon afterwards the French government fled from Paris. The capital was occupied on 14 June. An armistice was signed between France and Germany on 22 June. (Vlada)
  • Axis invasion of North Africa (North African Campaign)

    Axis invasion of North Africa (North African Campaign)
    This event took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943. Fighting in North Africa started with the Italian declaration of war.These campaign was fought between the Allies and Axis powers ( Italy, Germany, Vichy France), many of whom had interests in Africa dating from the period of colonialism and the Scramble for Africa. US joined in 1941. The Allies finally encircled Axis forces in northern Tunisia and forced their surrender. ( Yewon Yoo)
  • Vichy government established 22 June 1940

    Vichy government established 22 June 1940
    The Vichy governent was the government formed by Marshal Petain in France, after their defeat by Germany in the Second World War. Its capital was the city of Vichy because Paris was under German occupation. Southern France remained unoccupied until late 1942. The Vichy government abolished the French constitution and created a dictatorship similar to Germany's. They cooperated with Germany and actually ended up going to war against England. (Alex Alon)
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    The Battle of Britain, 10 July-31 October 1940

    The Battle of Britain was an air campaign of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) against the UK. It was the first major campaign to be fought only by air forces. Its objective was for the Germain Air Force to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force (RAF). The campaign failed and prevented Germany from invading Britain. (Vlada)
  • Case Green 8 August 1940

    Case Green 8 August 1940
    Case Green also known as Operation. It was a was a full scale operation plan for a German invasion of Ireland in support of Operation Sea Lion. In support of Sea Lion operation, Plan Green was thought to meet a number of military objectives: 1. to draw off British Army troops stationed in northern Ireland. 2. deny Irland as a staging point to the British troops. 3. Provide a staging point to the Luftwafe forces against the British. (Alex Alon)
  • Destroyers for Bases Deal

    Destroyers for Bases Deal
    This was an greement between the United States nad the United Kingdom, it stated that warships would be tranfered to the Royal Navy, in exchange of land in various British possessions for the establishment of naval or air bases.
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    The Blitz, 7 September 1940-10 May 1941

    The Blitz ("lighting" in German) was the sustained strategic bombing of Britain and Northern Ireland by Germany. London was the main target but other cities were also bombed. London was bombed by the Luftwaffe for 76 consecutive nights. The Germans were aiming to demoralize Britain into surrendering or at least damaging their war economy but their goals were not achieved. About 40000-43000 civilians died. (Vlada)
  • Operation Sea Lion

    Operation Sea Lion
    Operation Sea Lion was Germany's plan to invade the UK during the Second World War, beginning in 1940. Planned by Hitler and his Generals. To try and have a chance of success, however, the operation would have required air and naval supremacy over the English Channel. With the German defeat in the Battle of Britain, Sea Lion was postponed to 17 September 1940. It was never carried out.
  • The Tripartite Pact

    The Tripartite Pact
    The Tripartitite Pact was a treaty signed in Berlin, Germany. It was signed by Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany, and Fascist Italy, forming the Axis Powers of World War II. These powers were opposed by the Allied Powers, including the United States, China and Great Britiain.
    So Japan, Germany and Italy agreed to help each other if they were attacked.
  • The Arsenal of Democracy 1940

    The Arsenal of Democracy 1940
    The Arsenal of Democracy is a speech made by U.S President Franklin D. Roosevelt in a radio broadcast. He promised to help UK fight Nazi Germany by giving them military supplies while United States stayed out of the actual fighting.
  • Four Freedoms Speech by FDR 6 January 1941

    The Four Freedoms speech was given by US PResident Franklin D. Roosevelt. In this speech the President outlined his idea of the Four Freedoms than people "everywhere in the world" should enjoy: Freedom of Speech and Expression, Freedom of Worship, Fredom from want, Freedom from fear. President Franklin D. Rooselvelt gave this speach to the US Congress even though the US had not yet joined World War 2. (Alexandru Munteanu)
  • The Lend-Lease Act, 11 March 1941

    The Lend-Lease Act, 11 March 1941
    The Lend-Lease Act was a program under which the US supplied the Allied nations with weapons, food, or equipment. It was a protective measure for the US which Franklin D. Roosevelt described as "helping to put out the fire in your neighbor's house before your own house caught fire and burned down." The Act ended US neutrality and gave the Allies a significant advantage in the war. (Vlada)
  • Belgrade Falls (6th April 1941)

    Belgrade Falls (6th April 1941)
    On the 6th of April 1941 German Luftwaffe (airforce) started bombing the city of belgrade. The Bombing lasted for around 1 and a half hours, which left over 4,000 inhabitants dead. (Seb)
  • Invasion of Greece in April 1941

    Invasion of Greece in April 1941
    The Battle of Greece is the common name for the incasion and conquest of Greece by Nazi Germany from 6 - 30 April 1941. Greece was supported by British Commonwealth forces and Germany was supported by the Axis. The Battle of Greece from the Greco-Italian War fought in northwestern Greece and southern Albania from October 1940, as well as from the Battle of Crete fought in late May. These operations along with the Invasion of Yugoslavia, comprise the Balkans Campaign of WWII.
  • Invasion of Yugoslavia 6 April 1941 - 17 April 1941

    Invasion of Yugoslavia  6 April 1941 - 17 April 1941
    April War was the Axis Powers' attack on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia which began on 6 April 1941 during WWII. THe invasion ended with the unconditional surrender of the Royal Yugoslav Army on 17 April 1941, annexation and occupation of the region by the Axis powers and the creation of the INdependent State of Croatia.
  • Siege of Tobruk

    Siege of Tobruk
    The siege of Tobruk (in Libya) was a confrontation that lasted 240 days between Axis and Allied forces in North Africa during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War. It started when Tobruk was attacked by an Italo–German force under Lieutenant General Erwin Rommel, and continued for 240 days up to 27 November 1941, when it was relieved by the Allied 8th Army during Operation Crusader. Allied victory.
  • Hess flies to the UK

    Hess flies to the UK
    Rudolf Hess flew from Augsburg to Scotland. He flew to Scotland to make a deal with England. His plane was identicated on the radar. He had to parachute from his plane and he was arrested shortly after he had landed. (Scheller)
  • Invasion of USSR June 22, 1941

    Invasion of USSR June 22, 1941
    Under the codename Operation "Barbarossa," Nazi Germany invded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 in the largest German military operation of WWII. Adolf Hitler had always regared the German-Soviet nonagression pact as a temporary tactical maneuver. September 1942, the German domination of Europe reached its furthest geographical extension. (Yewon Yoo)
  • Atlantic Charter

    Atlantic Charter
    A set of goals written during the war for the post-war world written by the united States and Great Britain; it was later signed by the rest of the Allies. It agreed to not having any territorial changes made without the consent of the people, right to self-determination, less trade restrictions, global cooperation in pursuit of improved economic and political conditions, freedom of the seas, disarmament, and freedom from fear and want. (Chieri higa)
  • Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia

    Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia
    It was the Allied invasion of the Imperial State Iran during WWII, by Soviet and British, as well as Commonwealth armed forces. The invasion from August 25 to September 17, 1941, was codenamed Operation Countenance. The purpose was to secure Iranian oil fields and ensure Allied supply lines for the Soviets fighting against Axis orces on the Eastern Front. ( Yewon Yoo)
  • Seige of Leningrad (8 Sept 1941- 27 Jan 1944)

    Seige of Leningrad (8 Sept 1941- 27 Jan 1944)
    The Siege of Leningrad was a proloned military operation resulting from the failure of the German Army Group North to capture Leningrad ( now known as Saint Petersburg) in the Eastern Front theatre of WWII. It was one of the longest and most destrucive sieges in history and overwhelmingly the most costly in terms of casualties. ( Yewon Yoo)
  • Battle of Moscow

    Battle of Moscow
    Between October 1941 and January 1942, Hitler was attacking Moscow with a strategy called Operation Tycoon. Hitler cut off railways between major cities in Russia, but the Russian army was able to drive off the Wehrmacht. This battle was a victory for the Russians, and was symbolically important for the Russians as something representing the Soviet resistance against Axis powers. (CHieri higa)
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor of December 7, 1941

    Attack on Pearl Harbor of December 7, 1941
    The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions that Japan might take. ( Balota Vlad )
  • Hitler Declares war on United States

    Hitler Declares war on United States
    December 11, 1941, four days after the bombing on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese, was the date Hitler (and Italy) declared war on the United States. The United States reciprocates the declaration, and is now at war with Germany and Italy in addition to Japan, which it had declared war upon on December 7. (Chieri)
  • Fall of Singapore 8–15 February 1942.

    Fall of Singapore 8–15 February 1942.
    The Empire of Japan had invaded the stronghold of Singapore which was a British military base. The result was the fall of this base to the Japanese. Around 80,000 Allied troops where prisoners of war , and 5,000 where killed. (Seb)
  • Doolittle Raid 18 April 1942

    Doolittle Raid 18 April 1942
    This was the first air raid by the US to strike the Japanese home islands during WWII. It provided a morale boost for the U.S. after the Japanese had attacked PEarl Harbor on 7 December 1941. IT was led and planned by Lieutenant Colonel James Doolitle. (Scheller)
  • First Battle of el Alamein

    First Battle of el Alamein
    The First Battle of El Alamein was a battle of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, fought between Axis forces (Germany and Italy) and Allied forces (Britain, British India, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand). The battle ended up in a stalemate.
  • Guadalcanal Campaign August 7, 1942 – February 9, 1943

    Guadalcanal Campaign August 7, 1942 – February 9, 1943
    The Guadalcanal was a battle between the allied forces and Japan. It was the first major offensive by the allied forces to Japan. America landed on the Guadalcanal island and they wanted to deny their use by the Japanese to threaten the supply and communication routes between the U.S., Australia and New Zealand. The wanted to capture the major Japanese base at Rabaul. They overwhlemed the Japanese. There were around 38,100 casualties total.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    Between August 23 1942 and February 2 1943, Germany and the Soviet Union fought for the city of Stalingrad, or modern day Volgograd. It is notorious for the civilian casualties and length of the battle, and is known as one of the bloodiest battles in history. Two million casualties were estimated, and this battle also marked a turning point in the momentum of German forces’ advances. (chierihiga
  • Operation Torch 8 November 1942

    Operation Torch was initially called Operation Gymnast. It was was the British-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II during the North African Campaign, which took place between the 8-16 November 1942. (Alex Alon)
  • Operation Torch 8 November 1942

    Operation Torch 8 November 1942
    Operation Torch was the British-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II during the North African Campaign. Operation Torch was the first time the British and Americans had joined and worked on an invasion plan together. The Soviet Union had been pressing the Allies to start a new front against the Germans in the western sector of the war in Europe. The Allies planned to invade Morocco and Algeria. It took place from the 8-16 of November 1942. (Alex Alon)
  • Casablanca Conference

    Casablanca Conference
    The leaders involved in the Casablanca Conference were Henri Giraud and Charles de Gaulle who were French, and Roosevelt and Churchill. This meeting was established to discuss the allies and what strategy they needed in World War II. Stalin had been invited, but he had his own issues to attend in Stalingrad. (Chris)
  • Warsaw Ghetto Uprisings 19 April 1943 – 16 May 1943

    Warsaw Ghetto Uprisings 19 April 1943 – 16 May 1943
    Jewish resistance that arose within the Warsaw Ghetto in German occupied Poland during World War II, and which opposed Nazi Germany's effort to transport the remaining ghetto population to Treblinka extermination camp. 19 April 1943 – 16 May 1943
    ( Balota Vlad )
  • Washington Conference

    Washington Conference
    There were three different Washington Conferences in WWII. The first meeting was between the British Prime Minister and US President, about war strategies. The second conference was again the US and Britain discussing the North African Landings. The Third Conference was held with the same nations about their attack on the Germans and war in the Pacific. (Chris)
  • Hamburg Bombing

    Hamburg Bombing
    The Hamburg Bombing were many attack missions on Hamburg, where enemy troops flew through, and completely destroyed the city. The worst attack happened in July of 1943 and was the greatest ever recorded firestorm. It killed 42,600 civillians and was inflicted by the US. (Chris)
  • Battle of Kursk

    Battle of Kursk
    The Battle of Kursk took place when German and Soviet forces confronted each other on the Eastern Front during World War II close to the city of Kursk, in the Soviet Union on July and August 1943. It remains both the largest series of armored clashes, including the Battle of Prokhorovka, and the costliest single day of aerial warfare in history! The USSR won and was given the strategic power over the war.
  • Invasion of Sicily started in 9–10 July 1943 and ended 17 August

    Invasion of Sicily  started in 9–10 July 1943 and ended 17 August
    this invasion was codenamed Operation Husky, It was a major World War II campaign, in which the Allies took Sicily from the Axis. It was a large scale naval and airborne operation. This invasion launched the Italian Campaign. ( Balota Vlad)
  • Quebec Conference 17 August 1943

    Quebec Conference 17 August 1943
    The Quebec Conference took place in Quebec, Canada between United States,Britain and Canada. The conference was highly serect and they plotted to invade Fance. and to increase the bombing on Germnay(edoardo)
  • Allied Invasion of Italy (chieri)

    Allied Invasion of Italy (chieri)
    Otherwise known as Operation Avalanche, the Allied invasion of Italy took place on 3 September 1943. The United States, Britain, Canada, Denmark, Norway, and France invaded Italy, who fought with the Germans. The main invasion, on the western coast of Italy, is known as Operation Avalanche, and other supporting invasions were referred to as Operation Baytown and Operation Slapstick. The Central Powers suffered 3500 casualties, and the Allies suffered 2009 deaths, 7050 injured, and 3501 missing
  • Third Moscow Conference 18 October 1943

    Third Moscow Conference  18 October 1943
    There were numerous Moscow Conferences but during the third, US,UK China, and Soviet foreign ministers meet to create an agreement to make a World Organization (European Adivsory Comission) (edoardo)
  • Cairo Conference

    Cairo Conference
    The Cairo Confernce involved American President Roosevelt, English Prime Minister Chruchill and Chinese General Chiang Kai-sheck. This meeting was held in Cairo. It was established to discuss the allied position against Japan. They agreed to continue to send forces until Japan Surrendered. Stalin was invited, but did not come, because he had a conflict with the Chinese. (Chris)
  • Tehran Conference 28 Nomber 1943

    Tehran Conference 28 Nomber 1943
    The Tehran Conference was a meeting held in Theran,Iran between the "Big Three" (Stalin, F.D. Roosevelt, and Curchill)
    their goal was to open a second front against the Nazis (edoardo)
  • The Battle of Monte Casino 17 January 1944 – 18 May 1944

    The Battle of Monte Casino 17 January 1944 – 18 May 1944
    The Battle of Monte Casino mostly consists of four battles during World War II, fought by the Allies against Germans and Italians with the intention of breaking through the Winter Line and seizing Rome. ( Balota Vlad )
  • The Battle of Anzio Ferbruary 1944

    The Battle of Anzio Ferbruary 1944
    Anzio is a notable site of Allied forces landing (Operation Shingle) and ensuing battle (known as the Battle of Anzio) during World War II. American forces were surrounded by Germans soldiers in the caves from Pozzoli in February 1944 for a week, suffering heavy casualties. ( Balota Vlad )
  • Mariana Islands ( June-November 1944)

    Mariana Islands ( June-November 1944)
    The United States forces invaded the Mariana Island which where inhabited by Japanese forces. The goal was to neutralice Japanese bases in the central Pacific, support the retake the philippines and bomb japan. The US won the battle and over 63,000 japanese soldiers where killed. (Seb)
  • D-Day Normandy

    D-Day Normandy
    D-Day is the day of the Normandy landings it initiated the Western Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II. However, many other invasions and operations had a designated D-Day, both before and after that operation.
  • Atlantic Wall 6 June 1944

    Atlantic Wall 6 June 1944
    The Atlantic Wall as an extensive system of coastal fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942-1944 along the western coast of Europe. It was part of the Third Reich. Its purpose was to serve as a defense against an Allied invasion of the mainland continent from Great Britain. The invasion successfully took place in July 1944 overpowering a week spot in the Atlantic wall/defensive line in Normandie. (Alex Alon)
  • Saipan ( 15th June - 9th July 1944)

    Saipan ( 15th June - 9th July 1944)
    The battle of Saipan was fought on the Mariana Islands. United States fleets left Pearl Harbor on the 5ht of June 1944 and defeated the Imperial Japanese Army commanded by Liutenant Gerneral Yoshitsugu Saito. Over 24,00 people where killed. (Seb)
  • Bretton Woods Conference 1July 1944

    Bretton Woods Conference 1July 1944
    The Bretton Woods Conference was held in New Hampshire. It was an economic conference, at this conference the Word Bank Group, International Monetary Fund, Bank of Reconstruction and Development were created.
  • 20 July Plot

    20 July Plot
    When the Wolf's Lair was rigged with bombs to kill Hitler, it was a failed assasination attempt by the German Resistance. Many Germans were arrested by the Gastapo, and executed.
    (Chris)
  • Warsaw Uprising, 1 August 1944

    Warsaw Uprising, 1 August 1944
    World War II operation by the Polish resistance Home Army, to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany.The rebellion was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union's Red Army approaching the eastern suburbs of the city and the retreat of German forces.The Soviet advance stopped short, enabling the Germans to regroup and take the city back from the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support. (Balota Vlad )
  • Warsaw Falls

    Warsaw Falls
    6 October 1939 Warsaw fell to Germany and the Nazi's, but their was nothing they could do since they were so overpowerd. When the USSR came to liberate them in 14 September 1944 there was a lot of resistance from Germany, but the Polish and Red Army were able to take it over again. (Chris)
  • Percentages Agreement 9 October 1944

    Percentages Agreement 9 October 1944
    The percentages agreement also known as the "Naughty Document" was an agreement between Soviet (Stalain) and Britain's (Churchill). It talked about dividing southeastern Europe into Spehers of Influence. The treaty was agreed on at the Fourth Moscow Conference. (edoardo)
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    The Battle of the Bulge was a major German offensive move, launched toward the end of World War II through the densely forested Ardennes mountain region of Wallonia in Belgium, and France and Luxembourg on the Western Front. The result of this battle was an allied victory.
  • Malmedy Massacre in December 17, 1944

    Malmedy Massacre in December 17, 1944
    War crime in which 84 American prisoners of war were murdered by their German captors during World War II. The massacre was committed on December 17, 1944, by members of Kampfgruppe Peiper (part of the 1st SS Panzer Division), a German combat unit, during the Battle of the Bulge. ( Balota Vlad )
  • Yalata Conference 11 February 1945

    Yalata Conference 11 February 1945
    The Yalata Conference also know as the "Cremea Conference" was held between US (F.D. Roosevelt) Uk (Churchill) and Soviet Union (Stalin).The conference was made to talk about Europe and the destructions after the war and how to re-establish the continent. (edoardo)
  • Dresden Bombing 13 February 1945

    The Dresden bombings occured in Dresden,Germany the captial of Saxony in the last months of World War Two. It was a stratigic bombing created by the British Royal Air Force and American Air Force. It killed over 50,000 people. (edoardo)
  • Budapest falls (13 February 1945)

    Near to the end of the War, Budapest was encircled by Soviet troops. The Siege started on the 29th of December 1944 by the Red Army and Romaninan Army. Over 40,000 civilians died. The City surrendered on february 13. (Seb
  • Battle of Iwo Jima (19 February–26 March 1945)

    Battle of Iwo Jima (19 February–26 March 1945)
    The US had invaded the Island of Iwo Jima and fought against the Empire of Japan. This was a decisive American Victory which left 22,060 Japan Fighters 21,844 killed and 216 captured. (Seb)
  • Period: to

    Battle of Okinawa, 1 April-21 June 1945

    Okinawa was a Japanese island on which the Battle of Okinawa, the largest amphibious (naval) assault in the Pacific War of WWII, took place. The Allied forces attacked Okinawa in order to advance towards Japan. The Allies won and over 250,000 died during the battle. Approximately 150,000 Okinawans, about a third of the population, perished and many more were wounded. (Vlada)
  • Vienna Falls

    Vienna Falls
    13 April 1945 Austria fell to the Soviet Union. There were 19000 casualties and 47000 prisoners. It was crucial for Stalin to take Austria since it had an Anschluss with Germany, and was a good strategic vantage point, to move into Germany. (Chris)
  • San Francisco Conference 25 April 1945

    San Francisco Conference 25 April 1945
    The San Franciso Conference (UNCIO) United Nations Conference on International Organization was a conference held between 50 nations in the UN and resulted in the creatoin of the United Natoins Charter (UN treaty) (edoardo)
  • Mussonlini Executed (28 April 1945)

    Mussonlini Executed (28 April 1945)
    Mussonlini and his Wife where stopped by communist partisans Valerio and Bellini on 27 April 1945 ,on there way up to Switzerland, so they could board a plane to spain. The Next day they where executed. (Seb)
  • Hitler Suicide

    Hitler Suicide
    Hitler commited suicide with his wife. They both took cyanide pills, which instantly killed them. Hitler knew, that he would eventually be caught and murdered anyways. After their death Hitler and his wife were carried out of the Bunker and to the Reich Chancellerei, where they were burnt. (Chris)
  • Berlin Falls

    Berlin Falls
    This Battle was the main final move to the end of the war. This move made it hard for Germany to be working on offence anymore, but instead, they were fleeing Westward, so they could surrender to the Western allies. (Chris)
  • VE Day - Victory Day of May 8, 1945

    VE Day - Victory Day of May 8, 1945
    Victory in Europe Day commemorates 8 May 1945, the date when the World War II Allies formally accepted the unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany and the end of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich. The formal surrender of the occupying German forces in the Channel Islands was not until 9 May 1945. ( Balota Vlad)
  • Potsdam Conference 16 July 1945

    Potsdam Conference 16 July 1945
    It was a conference held in Potsdam between US (Attle) and Soviet Union(Stalin). They discussed post-war order, and peace treaties. (edoardo)
  • Hiroshima (6th of August 1945 )

    Hiroshima (6th of August 1945 )
    Hiroshima is a city in Japan, in the closing stages of WWII the US sent a ultimatum to Japan warn if not followed that they will attack them. Japan didn't and on the 6th of August 1945 the US droped a Nuclear Bomb they called Littler Boy, killing 90,000 to166,000 people. (Seb
  • Soviet Invasion of Manchuria

    Soviet Invasion of Manchuria
    The Soviet invasion of Manchuria was the most involved offensive in the Russo-Japanese war. Beginning on August 9 and ending on August 20, 1945, the Soviets invaded Manchuko, a Japanese ‘puppet state’. In addition to Manchuko, the Soviets invaded northern Korea, inner Mongolia, southern Sakhalim, and the Kunil Islands. The Kwantung army of Japan was defeated quickly, The Japanese surrendered to the Soviets, as they realized that the Soviets were willing to invade Japan's main islands. (CHiga
  • Nagasaki (9th of August 1945)

    Nagasaki is a city in Japan, this is where the second of the two nuclear bombs was dropped on the 9th of August 1945. The US called this bomb the Fat Man. It killed 60,000 to 80,000 people.(Seb)
  • The Tokyo Trials April 29, 1946

    The Tokyo Trials April 29, 1946
    The Tokyo Trials are also known as the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. Japans Empire decided that they wanted to have categories for crime punishments. "Class A", "Class B" and "Class C". "Class A" crimes referred to people that were in conspiracies to wage war, while the "Class B" crimes referred to the people that had done crimes against humanity. And "Class C" concerns transgression on higher levels. (Olivia)
  • Nuremberg War Crimes Trials Come to an End 13 April 1949

    Nuremberg War Crimes Trials Come to an End 13 April 1949
    The final of 13 War Crimes Trials came to an end on 13 April 1949. The first set of trials, known as the "Trial of the Major War Criminals" (Goering, Hess, Ribbentrop...) were the only trials held in front of the Allied International Military Tribunal. The subsequent trials were convened by the US Military (Mr. A).