World War II

  • Nuremburg Laws

    Laws approved by the Nazi Party in 1935 that deprivied Jews of German citizenship, taking rights away.The Nuremberg Laws also made it more difficult for the Jews to go out into public places such as the theater or shops
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  • Munich Conference

    Conference at which European Leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand it's territory any further. a meeting about Germany's occupation of Czechoslovakia , at which Western leaders agreed to the division of Czechoslovakia after receiving Hitler's assurances that he would take no more land
  • Kristallnacht

    Also known as Night of Broken Glass, was the night when the Nazis killed or injured many Jews & destroyed many Jewish propertys.At least 91 Jews were killed in the attack and 30,000 were arrested and incarcerated in concentration camps.over 7,000 Jewish businesses destroyed or damaged.
  • German Invasion of Poland

    Germany easily defeated Poland with superior forces and officers; causes Britain and France to declare war on Germany, starting WWII.The Soviet Red Army invaded the eastern regions of Poland in cooperation with Germany.The Soviets were carrying out their part of the secret appendix of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which divided Eastern Europe into Nazi and Soviet spheres of influence.
  • German Invasion of France

    A Belgian fortress, defended by 1,200 men, was captured by just 78 German airborne troops . France traditionally had one of the strongest armies in the world, but in less than a month, from May 10, 1940, new German attack methods smashed the Franch forces, as well as their British, Dutch, and Belgain allies .155,000 German losses in France in 1940 from dead, wounded, and missing.
  • Death Camps

    During WWII, American soldiers had a letter stamped on the upper-left corner of their dog tags to indicate certain religions for proper burial ministrations: “C” stood for Catholics, “P” for Protestants, and “H” for Hebrew. In 1942 alone, an estimated 2.7 million Jews were killed by the Nazis as the apparatus of the Final Solution became fully operational. By 1944, all of the death camps in Nazi-occupied Europe had been shut down, except for Auschwitz, which was still operating at full capacity.
  • Philippines

    Or the Liberation of the Philippines was the American and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines, during World War II. The Japanese Army had overrun all of the Philippines during the first half of 1942. The Liberation of the Philippines commenced with amphibious landings on the eastern Philippine island of Leyte on October 20, 1944, and hostilities in a small part of the Philippines continued through the end of the war in August 1945.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Japanese fighter planes attacked the U.S. base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, launching one of the deadliest attacks in American history. The assault, which lasted less than two hours, claimed the lives of more than 2,500 people, wounded 1,000 more and damaged or destroyed 18 American ships and nearly 300 airplanes.Almost half of the casualties at Pearl Harbor occurred on the naval battleship USS Arizona, which was hit four times by Japanese bombers.
  • Wake Island

    Wake Island is a US possession in the Central Pacific, west of Midway. When WW2 started the Japanese attacked the island on December 8, 1941 with the intent to invade & seize the island from the US Marines stationed there.Japanese brutality & murder of civilians & military personnel on the island became known during the war.
  • Wannsee Conference

    it became known after the war, was a high-level meeting that took place on January 20, 1942, to discuss the "Final Solution" of the Jewish Question. the meeting had been called by Reinhard.German Jews, and the killing rate of Polish Jews rapidly accelerated in the spring, though how far this had been facilitated by the meeting itself is unclear.
  • Fire Boming of Tokyo

    The bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima were one time things that totaled between 150 and 200 thousand deaths.About half of those happening after wards, from either radiation sickness, succumbing to disease, malnutrition, etc.
  • Bataan Death March

    japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way.occurred when japanese marched 70,000 filipino and american soldiers 60 miles to a prison camp.
  • Coral Sea

    a major naval battle in the pacific theater of world war ii between the imperial japanese navy and allied naval and air forces from the united states and australia. the battle was the first fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other. it was also the first naval battle in history in which neither side's ships sighted or fired directly upon the other.
  • Midway

    battle in the pacific; japan hoped to force america into negotiations in the pacific; nimitz vs. yamamoto; americans defeated japanese and sunk 4 aircraft carriers and 1 cruiser which weakened japanese navy.pacific battle victory here gave allies control of the "central" pacific; proved to be the turning point in the war in the pacific
  • Guadalcanal

    site of the us's first invasion of japanese-held territory. in august 1942, the japaense attacked the american forces with four savage attacks and were repulsed, with horrendous losses on both sides.first major offensive launched by allied forces against the empire of japan; allies overwhelmed the outnumbered japanese defenders
  • Stalingrad

    fought during the winter of 1942, it was the first major soviet victory of world war ii and a turning point for the allies. it claimed more lives than any other singles conflict in the war but prevented the nazis from capturing russia and was a crucial factor in their eventual defeatdecisive battle in german invasion of russia, the germans were surrounded and systemically destroyed.
  • Sicily Invasion

    Was a large scale amphibious and airborne operation, followed by six weeks of land combat. The Sicily Invasion launched the Italian Campagin
  • Fall of Rome

    ontributing factors to this event include: military interference in politics, civil war and unrest, moving the capital and division of the empire, low confidence, disloyalty, contrast between rich and poor, poor harvests, gold and silver drain, inflation, and threat of attack; immediate causes were pressure from huns, invasion by germanic tribes and by huns, sack of rome, and conquest by invaders.military, social, political, and economic problem contributed to the down fall of rome.
  • Invasion of Italy

    allied soldiers of america/britain invaded italy, which resulted in the capture of sicily in august 1943. therefore mussolini was cut off from italy's power along with the surrendering of the new italian government.oosevelt and churchill decided to attack italy. on july 10, 1943, allied forces landed on sicily and captured italy from german troops. the conquest of sicily toppled mussolini from power. king victor emmanuel iii had the dictator arrested. on september 3rd italy surrendered.
  • Tarawa

    Tarawa was the second time the United States was on the offensive (the Battle of Guadalcanal had been the first); and the first offensive in the critical central Pacific Region; also the first time in the war that the United States faced serious Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing
  • Tehran Conference

    The Tehran Conference was the first major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war. This is were the Cold War tensions first started.
  • D-Day

    The most important battle in the European part of the war, Allies stormed beaches and made it through to the mainland, landing in France and moving towards Germany. Basicly it was an Allied Invasion of France
  • Battle of the Bulge

    After recapturing france, the allied advance became stalled Along the German border. in the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. the Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the rhine with heavy losses.
  • Yalta Conference

    FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promise0d the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese war
  • Iwo Jima

    United States fought for and captured the island of iwo Jima; the battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign of World War II; major island in island hopping Campaign
  • Okinawa

    The US Army in the Pacific had been pursuing an "island-hopping" campaign, moving north from Australia towards Japan. on April 1, 1945, they invaded Okinawa, only 300 miles south of the Japanese home islands. By the time the fighting ended on june 2, 1945, the US had lost 50,000 men and the Japanese 100,000.
  • Death of FDR

    FDR was in poor health and died from a massive brain hemorrhage. This happened right after the Yalta Conference.
  • VE Day

    Victory in Europe day when the Germans surrendered. When WWII was over
  • Potsdam Conference

    The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the US, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
  • Trinity Test

    America's extremely secret testing of its atomic power in New Mexico. It was an atomic bomb.
  • Hiroshima

    City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on august 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of WWII.
  • Enola Gay

    the name of the american b-29 bomber, piloted by col. paul tibbets, jr., that dropped the atomic bomb on hiroshima, japan, on aug. 6, 1945.american plane that dropped the first atomic bomb
  • Nagasaki

    japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (august 9, 1945).trading port, after jesuit disputes, only the dutch were allowed to reside here, and only for 2-3 months at a time
  • VJ Day

    "victory over japan day" is the celebration of the surrender of japan, which was initially announced on august 15, 1945. celebration of the surrender of japan, which took place on august 15, 1945, ending the second world war. in japan, the day is known as, shusen-kinenbi, which literally means the "memorial day for the end of the war". this is commemorated as liberation day in korea and some other nations.