World War 2 By giddisbri13 Jan 30, 1921 Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party Hitler begins his quest for ultimate power by becoming the leader of the Nazi political party. Oct 31, 1922 Benito Mussolini appointed Prime Minister of Italy People wanted to make Italy strong again and they found Mussolini a great leader to help them. Jan 1, 1929 Josef Stalin sole dictator of the Soviet Union (USSR) Russia has become a communist country called the Soviet Union. Josef Stalin is the new dictator of the country. Sep 19, 1931 Japan’s Army seizes Manchuria, China In an attempt to gain land and resources Japan has attacked an area of China called Manchuria. Mar 21, 1933 Hitler is named Chancellor of Germany Hitler has risen to power by telling the people of Germany that he will make life better for them. Aug 31, 1935 Neutrality Acts passed by US Congress The Neutrality Acts were meant to prevent the United States from getting involved in a Eurpoean conflict. Oct 1, 1935 Italian Army invades Ethiopia in Africa Italy attempts to add Ethopia to their country and get more land and resources through it. Mar 7, 1936 Hitler sends troops into Rhineland of Germany in violation of the Versailles Treaty Hitler is preparing to attampt to build his nazi empire. This is a small step that he will be able to justify by claiming that Germany needs to defend herself. Dec 12, 1936 Militarists take control of Japanese Government These militarists will turn Japan into an enemy for the Allies, especially the United States. Dec 13, 1937 Japan’s army pillages Nanjing, China; massacre a quarter of a million people The Japanese conduct a mass killing over six weeks as they capture the city of Nanjing. Sep 30, 1938 Munich Pact signed giving the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia to Germany The Sudetenland is given to Germany in an attampt to prevent war. Dec 12, 1938 Nazis begin rounding up Jews for labor camps The nazis begin taking jewish people away from their homes and forcing them to do hard labor in camps. Aug 23, 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact signed by Hitler and Stalin Germany and the Soviet Union will not go to war acording to this pact. Sep 1, 1939 Nazis invade Poland; Britain and France declare war on Germany As promised, Great Britan comes to Poland's aid. May 10, 1940 Nazis invade Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Belgium – take control Hitler continues to build his empire. Jun 14, 1940 Germany invades France and forces it to surrender France is forced to sign an armistance with Germany only six weeks after Germany declared war on western Europe. Jul 9, 1940 Battle of Britain Royal Air Force defeats German Air Force to prevent invasion of their island. Sep 16, 1940 First time Peacetime Draft in US 15 million Americans are drafted in world war 2. Apr 9, 1941 Hitler breaks Pact with Stalin’s Russia and invades -USSR which now joins England in fighting the Germans In their largest military attack, the nazis invade the Soviet Union. Aug 9, 1941 Churchill and FDR issue the Atlantic Charter The United States and Great Britan make a statement about what their plans are after the war. Sep 24, 1941 Japanese invade French Indochina (Viet. Laos, Cambodia) The Japanese continue to gain land and resources through invading French Indochina. Dec 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor in Hawaii attacked by Japanese Naval and Air forces This causes the United States to declare war on Japan. Dec 9, 1941 Germany and Italy declare war on the US The United States is now fighting two wars. Feb 19, 1942 Japanese Americans interned in isolated camps The American government responded to the people's fear of Japanese spies. Apr 9, 1942 Philippines fall to Japanese – Bataan Death March Following a 3 month battle, 75,000 American and Fillipino prisoners of war are transferred to Bataan in what is now called the Bataan Death March. Apr 9, 1942 Russians stop Nazi advance at Stalingrad save Moscow This is a decisive victory for the Soviet Union. Period: Jun 4, 1942 to Jun 7, 1942 Battle of Midway, turning point of war in the Pacific The United States defeats the Imperial Japanese Army. May 13, 1943 British and US forces defeat German and Italian armies in North Africa Another victory against Hitler and his Nazi Empire! May 31, 1943 Zoot Suit Riots – Los Angeles, CA Mexicans who wore zoot suits were seen as unpatriotic because the suits used up material that should have been rationed. Jul 8, 1943 Italy surrenders, Mussolini dismissed as Prime Min. The war against Italy is over and Mussolili is removed from power. Jun 6, 1944 D-Day invasion of France at Normandy by Allies 160,000 Allied troops land on the beaches at Normandy. They liberate France. Aug 19, 1944 Paris retaken by Allied Forces Battle of Paris lasts 6 days, until the Nazis sign an armistice. Dec 8, 1944 Battle of the Bulge – last offensive of German Forces The allies will win this battle but it will be known as the bloodiest battle in World War 2. Jan 31, 1945 US forces return to recapture the Philippines Japan was in control of the Philippines. Apr 16, 1945 FDR dies, Harry S. Truman becomes President After 4 terms in office, Predident FDR suddenly passes away. May 8, 1945 V-E Day, war ends in Europe Germany offically surrenders and World War 2 ends in Europe. Aug 6, 1945 First Atomic Bombs dropped With Germany defeated, the US could focus on defeating Japan. The first bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and the second was dropped on Nagasaki. Aug 14, 1945 V-J Day, Japan surrenders to Allied Forces It is announced that Japan will surrender unconditionally. Apr 8, 1946 War Crimes Trials held in Nuremburg, Germany; Manila, Philippines and Tokyo, Japan. Leaders of Germany, Japan, and other countries are put on trial for crimes against humanity.