World War 2

  • The Great Depression Begins

    The Great Depression Begins
    The U.S. stock market crashes and the Great Depression begins resulting in 8 million Americans being unemployed.
  • Japan Conquers Manchuria

    Japan Conquers Manchuria
    The event referred to as the Manchuria Incident, the Japanese Kwangtung Army attacked Chinese troops in Manchuria. The attack was clearly an attempt for the Japanese empire to gain control over China.
  • Roosevelt first elected President

    Roosevelt first elected President
    When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt directed organization of the United States manpower for global war.
  • Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
    The President of Germany, President Hindenburg, assigns Adolf Hitler as Chancellor in hopes of creating a stable government.
  • Nuremberg Laws

    Nuremberg Laws
    Laws created by the Nazis for the prosecution of Jews in Europe.
  • Japan joins Axis Powers

    Japan joins Axis Powers
    Japan signs up to the Axis Powers with Germany to fight the allies.
  • Hitler and Mussolini form the Rome-Berlin Axis

    Hitler and Mussolini form the Rome-Berlin Axis
    Hitler and Mussolini realized that even though they had little in common, they both shared similar enemies. Italy and Germany became allies across the borders.
  • Japan Invades China

    Japan Invades China
    Japan invades China which starts the Second Sino-Japanese War.
  • Germany Invades Austria

    Germany Invades Austria
    Germany invades Austria. Austria has no problem at first and welcomes the Nazis in with open arms; they even help take down the border signs.
  • Britain’s appeasement of Germany

    Britain’s appeasement of Germany
    The Munich Agreement was signed by France, Germany, the United Kingdoms, and Italy. The agreement meant that the Nazi Germany could occupy any countries that signed the agreement. All the countries that Great Britain was against signed the agreement.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    Throughout Germany and Austria, violent anti-Jewish pogroms took place throughout the night. It is sometimes called “The night of broken glass.”
  • Germany and Soviet Union have a nonaggression pact

    Germany and Soviet Union have a nonaggression pact
    Representatives from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union met and signed a treaty that meant that both countries would not attack each other.
  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany invades Poland
    The Nazis first target was Poland. When they took Poland over and the other countries were finding out about the invasion, World War 2 began.
  • Germany invades Denmark, Norway, Belgium, and France

    Germany invades Denmark, Norway, Belgium, and France
    Operation Wesrubung consisted of Germany invading Denmark, Norway, Belgium, and France. Germany later controlled all of these countries up until the end of the war.
  • Tuskegee Airmen

    Tuskegee Airmen
    Tuskegee Airmen were African American pilots during World War 2. As African Americans during the 1940’s, they were not treated as well as white pilots. Even though they did a huge part in battles and dogfights and escorting bombers and killing many of the enemy, they were still treated unequal. They were given left over planes and weaponry and were separated from white soldiers. It was not until later in the war that they were treated better and were given better weaponry.
  • Rosie the Riveter

    Rosie the Riveter
    Rosie the riveter is a cultural icon for women to do factory work and other non- traditional work during World War 2.
  • Japanese-American Incarceration

    Japanese-American Incarceration
    After Pearl Harbor when the U.S. joined in the war, the Japanese-American citizens was being sent to incarceration camps in the U.S. America did this because after Pearl Harbor tensions were high between the United States and its Japanese citizens. The U.S. had no idea whether the Japanese citizens were working for Japan and planning something in the U.S. or if the Japanese showed full commitment and patriotism to the United States of America.
  • Lend Lease Act

    Lend Lease Act
    FDR wanted to aid Britain in the war. British warships were allowed to dock and repair in America. British service men were allowed to train in the U.S. The act was signed into law and America aided Britain in all ways possible.
  • Luftwaffe bombs London

    Luftwaffe bombs London
    The Blitz was the bombing of countries in the United Kingdom by the Nazis. London was attacked the most being attacked 71 times. Among the rest of Great Britain was hit a total of more than 30 times all together.
  • Germany invades the Soviet Union

    Germany invades the Soviet Union
    Operation Barbarossa was the largest German Military operations of World War 2. Hitler had used the non-aggression pact as a tactical maneuver to distract the Soviet Union.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    A surprise military attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii led by the Japanese Navy. The next day FDR and the rest of America went to war against Japan and in Europe therefore joining World War 2.
  • Manhattan Project

    Manhattan Project
    The research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs. Led by the United States in support of the allies.
  • The Nazis implement the “Final Solution”

    The Nazis implement the “Final Solution”
    The “Final Solution” was the Nazis plan during World War 2 to exterminate the Jews. In this phase, Jews were not only murdered by gunfire and gas, but they died slow painful deaths. Jews were put into ghettos without food and water and were put into working camps were they worked until death.
  • Bataan Death March

    Bataan Death March
    Forcible transfer of American and Filipino prisoners of war by the Japanese-Imperial Army. More than 10,000 prisoners died before they could reach the transfer to Camp O’Donnell.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    The United States navy defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy attack against Midway, Atoll. This inflicted a lot of damage on the Japanese’s naval fleet and was later called as one of the most decisive blows in the history of naval warfare.
  • British forces stop the German advance at El Alamein

    British forces stop the German advance at El Alamein
    The El Alamein battle is considered to be one of the allies’ most victorious battles. This battle was fought on the Northern Coast of Egypt between the axis German’s and the Italian’s Panzer Desert Army against British forces. The axis powers did have backup only some 66 miles away. A second battle of El Alamein took place and drove the Germans out of Egypt and Africa for good back to the sea in Europe.
  • Guadalcanal

    Guadalcanal
    Allies land on Guadalcanal with the objective of denying Japanese supply and communication routes between the U.S. The allies also used this as an opportunity to neutralize a Japanese base. The allies outnumbered and overwhelmed the Japanese and the allies took control of Guadalcanal.
  • German forces surrender at Stalingrad

    German forces surrender at Stalingrad
    Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union. After the Germans surrendered, they never regained the blow they had taken.
  • D-DAY

    D-DAY
    The Western allies landed in Normandy in hopes to defeat the Nazis put of the mainland Europe. The allies’ efforts were successful.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    A major German offensive through Belgium. The Americans cut the Germans off from entering any further into Europe. The battle resulted in the Germans losing and the Americans were able to delay the Germans migration through Belgium.
  • Allied forces advance on Berlin, Germany surrenders

    Allied forces advance on Berlin, Germany surrenders
    The Soviet Union breaches into the German front in Berlin. The Soviet Union surrounds Berlin and eventually overtakes the German forces. When Adolf Hitler realized that all was lost, he committed suicide and later Germany was defeated and it surrendered.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    A meeting in which the heads of the allied governments the United States of America, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union met. For each country were Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin. They discussed what would happen during Europe’s post war reorganization.
  • Iwo Jima

    Iwo Jima
    The United States of America soldiers fought the Japanese Empire in order to take control of the island Iwo Jima.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Dies. Truman becomes President

    Franklin D. Roosevelt Dies. Truman becomes President
    On the night of March 29, President Roosevelt fell unconscious in his chair. A doctor gave the autopsy that the President had died from a stroke. When the news was released to the public, their hope shattered. On April 6, 1945, Vice President Truman was made President and went on to deal with the war.
  • Okinawa

    Okinawa
    Allies fought the Japanese in order to take control of Okinawa and defeat the Japanese. After a long battle the allies were finally gaining ground on the enemy. The allies took Okinawa by defeating the Japanese on their airfield of operations.
  • Formation of the United Nations

    Formation of the United Nations
    April 25, 1945 – 50 nations met in San Francisco to discuss a new peacekeeping organization to replace the weak and ineffective League of Nations
    June 26, 1945 – all 50 nations ratified the charter, creating a new international peacekeeping body known as the United Nations
    President Roosevelt had urged Americans not to turn their backs on the world again
    Unlike the League of Nations, the United States is a member of the United Nations
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    Allies held the Potsdam Conference to plan the war’s end.
    Decision was made to put Nazi war criminals on trial.
  • Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    The United States of America dropped bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in efforts to end the war. The war in Europe was over and now the U.S. only had one more enemy.
  • Japanese officials sign an official letter of surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri, ending World War 2

    Japanese officials sign an official letter of surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri, ending World War 2
    The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki left the Japanese devastated. The Japanese knew that the United States was not a force to be reckoned with and they surrendered.
  • Nuremberg trials

    Nuremberg trials
    24 defendants, including some of Hitler’s top officials
    Hermann Goring – creator & head of Gestapo (secret police)
    Charged with crimes against humanity
    19 found guilty, 12 sentenced to death
    People are responsible for their actions, even in wartime
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Congress approved Secretary of State George Marshall’s plan to help boost European economies
    The U.S. gave more than $13 billion to help the nations of Europe get back on their feet