World War One

  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austria-Hungary's throne, and his wife, Sophie, are assassinated by a member of the Serbian Black Hand gand Gavrilo Princip while the couple were driving through Sarajevo.
  • Germany gives 'Blank cheque' to Austria

    Germany gives 'Blank cheque' to Austria
    Germany promises unlimited military support to Austria, nicknamed the 'blank cheque'
  • Austria declares war on Serbia

    Austria declares war on Serbia
    Austria declares war on Serbia following their failure to comply to the demands sent but the Austrian government
  • Russian Mobilisation

    Russian government ordered the mobilisation of the military districts of Odessa, Kiev, Kazan and Moscow. Two days later this turned to full mobilisation.
  • Germany declare war on Russia

    Germany declare war on Russia
  • Germany demands free transit of troops through Belgium

  • Germany declares war on France and invades Belgium

    Germany declares war on France and invades Belgium
    Germany declares war on France in order to carry out the Schlieffen Plan and invades Belgium in order to get to France.
  • Britain declares war on Germany

    Britain declares war on Germany
    After Germany continues to invade Belgium against British warnings, Britain declares war on Germany
  • Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia declares war on Germany

    Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia declares war on Germany
  • U.S. Remain Neutral

    U.S. Remain Neutral
    U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announces the U.S. will remain neutral.
  • Japan declared war on Germany

  • BEF retreat from Mons

    BEF retreat from Mons
    The BEF started to retreat from Mons. Germany then invades France.
  • Battle of Tannenburg

    Battle of Tannenburg
    Battle of Tannenburg between Germany and Russia during which the Russian Second Army was almost entirely destroyed
  • The First Battle of the Marne begins

    The First Battle of the Marne begins
    Trench warfare begins as both sides begin to dig in in the race to the sea.
  • First Battle of Ypres

    First Battle of Ypres
    Was a victory for the Allies although there were heavy losses on both sides.
  • Turkey enters War

    Turkey enters War
    On Germany's side, meanwhile trench warfare was dominating the Western Front
  • The United Kingdom announces that the North Sea is a military area

    The United Kingdom announces that the North Sea is a military area
    Effectively creating a blockade of goods into Germany
  • Unofficial Christmas Truce

    Unofficial Christmas Truce
    The unofficial Christmas truce is declared between British and German soldiers in the winter of 1914 - a series of widespread, unofficial ceasefires that took place along the Western Front. German soldiers sang Christmas carols and soon soldiers left their trenches. The soldiers exchanged gifts and stories, and played games of football. The commanders of the warring nations disapproved of this cease fire, and the British court-martialed several of their soldiers.
  • First Zeppelin raid on Britain

    First Zeppelin raid on Britain
  • Second Battle of Ypres began

    Second Battle of Ypres began
    In this battle Germany use poison gas for the first time, yet aren't able to take advantage of this
  • Battle of Gallipoli began

    Battle of Gallipoli began
  • Treaty of London

    Treaty of London signed by Italy, France, Britain and Russia.
  • German U-Boat sinks the Lusitania

    German U-Boat sinks the Lusitania
    During German unresticted submarine warfare a ship containing British and American civilian passengers.
  • The “Lusitania” was sunk by a German U-boat

    The “Lusitania” was sunk by a German U-boat
    It was torpedoed by a German U-boat. 1,198 of the 1,959 people aboard were killed, leaving 761 survivors. This turned international opinion against Germany and led towards American entry into World War I.
  • Italy declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary

    Italy declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary
    Italy enters the war on the side of the Allies.
  • Battle of Loos begins

    Battle of Loos begins
    Between Britain (with the support of India) and Germany, also marks Britain using posion gas in the war
  • Evacuation of Gallipoli

    The Allies started the evacuation of Gallipoli
  • Conscription Intoduced in Britain

    Conscription Intoduced in Britain
  • Start of the Battle of Verdun

    Start of the Battle of Verdun
    Verdun was a French fort, it was the longest battle in WW1 and it is thought that one third of the French army served there at some point.
  • Battle of Jutland

    Battle of Jutland
    Naval battle between the Royal Navy (with help from the Australian and Canadian fleets) against the German Imperial fleet. Longest naval battle of WW1
  • Period: to

    Brusilov Offensive

  • Start of the Battle of the Somme

    Start of the Battle of the Somme
  • Tanks first used en masse at the Somme

    Tanks first used en masse at the Somme
  • Lloyd George becomes British Prime Minister

    Lloyd George becomes British Prime Minister
  • Zimmerman telegram is sent, caught and decoded by the British

    Zimmerman telegram is sent, caught and decoded by the British
    Germany send the Zimmerman telegram to Mexico in order to entice Mexico to join the war against the USA, Britain intercepts and deciphers the telegram and promptly notifies America.
  • Germany begins unrestriced submarine warfare

    Germany begins unrestriced submarine warfare
  • First Russian Revolution

    First Russian Revolution
    First Russian Revolution confined to the capital and its vicintiy and lasting less than a week.
  • US declares war on Germany

    US declares war on Germany
  • Churchill becomes Minister of Munitions

    Churchill becomes Minister of Munitions
    Following the heavy defeat at Passchendale, Lloyd George decided that he wanted Churchill in the Cabinet. Churchill was duly appointed Minister of Munitions.
  • Battle of Passchendaele/Third Battle of Ypres

    Battle of Passchendaele/Third Battle of Ypres
    Fought between the Allies and Germany. Allied victory with mass casualties for both sides.
  • Bolsheviks overthrow Russian Government

    Bolsheviks overthrow Russian Government
  • Armistice between Germany and Russia signed

    Armistice between Germany and Russia signed
  • The armistice agreed upon between the new Russian government and the Central Powers goes into effect

  • Woodrow announces his 14 points for peace

    Woodrow announces his 14 points for peace
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed between Russia and Germany

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed between Russia and Germany
    Germany imposed harsh points upon Russia includes large reparations simliar to those imposed on them in the Treaty of Versailles
  • Germany launches Spring Offensive and makes breakthrough at the Somme

    Germany launches Spring Offensive and makes breakthrough at the Somme
  • RAF formed

    RAF formed
    The Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service were merged to form the Royal Air Force.
  • Second Battle of the Marne

    Second Battle of the Marne
    The start of the collapse of the German army
  • Germany asked the Allies for armistice

  • Germany's navy mutiny

    Germany's navy mutiny
  • Turkey made peace

    Turkey made peace
  • Austria makes peace

    Austria makes peace
  • Kaiser abdicates and flees Germany

    Kaiser abdicates and flees Germany
  • Armistice signed - end of WW1

    Armistice signed - end of WW1
    Germany signs an armistice with the Allies, war offical ends at 11am on the 11th of November