The end of the republic formed by the German Revolution after World War I. This government ended because of Adolf Hitler and the rise of the Nazi party.
This pact was signed by Germany, France and the United States as an international agreement where the countries promised not to use war to solve their foreign problems.
Liberty Law Campaign Begins
The Nazi Party joins many other conservative groups to appose the Young Plan. They create a set of guidelines to promote Nazi views called the Liberty Law. Although this law did not get passed, it brought Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party into the politcal mainstream in Germany.
Wall Street Stock Market Crash
The worst stock market crash in United States history and signified the beginning of the Great Depression, and the start of world economic collapse.
Japanese Invasion of Manchuria
The providence of Manchuria in northeast China is invaded by the Kwantung army of Japan. Chinese forces refused to fight allowing Japan to occupy Manchuria. Japan refuses to leave the state after requests from the League of Nations.
Paul von Hindenburg reelected
Paul von Hindenburg is reelected president of Germany. He is the last president of the Weimar Republic before it is destroyed when Hitler came to power.
Hitler takes control
Hitler's rise to power in Germany, along with the Nazi party, and way of living.
Hitler Becomes Fuhrer
Current president Paul von Hindenburg dies and 90% of German voters vote for Adolf Hitler to elect him as their new leader.
Laws passed by the United States Congress stating that the U.S. would remain neutral and stay out of foreign affairs due to the debt caused by WWI.
These laws took the rights of German Jews and ultimately declared them as "subjects" in the eyes of Hitler and Germany.
Italy Invades Ethiopia
Benito Mussolini adopts Hitler's ideas of expansion and invades Ethiopia. Ethiopia declares war on Italy.
An agreement between Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany stating that Germany could have the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia, In return, Hitler promised not to make any further territorial demands in Europe.
Germany annexes parts of Czechoslovakia for living space for German people. Approximately 23.4% of the people living in Czechoslovakia were from Germany.
Mob violence broke out and started beating, murdering, and torturing Jews. German police stood by and did nothing to stop it. Many Synagogues, Jewish homes, and stores were broken into and torched. This night is referred to as the "Night of Broken Glass".
World War, Again
The state of total war involving Axis powers Germany, Italy, and Japan, and Allied powers Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States.
Invasion of Poland
Germany and the Soviet Union invade Poland. With little defense Poland withdraws towards the southeast and waits for relief from France and the United Kingdom. Poland is divided and annexed with Germany taking the western half and the Soviet Union gaining the eastern half. This signifies the start of WWII.
Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States signs an act to give aid to allies during WWII. This includes supplies, aircrafts, ships, and many other things.
Codename for the German invasion of the Soviet Union breaking their non-aggression pact. Around 4 million troops invaded the USSR making it the largest invasion in warfare history.
Japanese Bomb Pearl Harbor
Hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attack the U.S. naval base of Pearl Harbor. Located near Honolulu, Hawaii, the Japanse barrage destroyed 20 American naval vessels, nearly 200 airplanes, and 2000 soldiers. 1000 additional soldiers were injured in the attack. This caused the United States to declare war on Japan.
The Battle of Midway is said to be the turning point of WWII. About six months after the Pearl Harbor bombing, the United States defeat Japan in a naval battle at Midway Atoll, about one third of the way between Honolulu, Hawaii and Tokyo, Japan. Military historian John Keegan called it "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare."
Germany fights the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad. It is among the bloodiest battles in history with casualties resulting in almost two million. After Stalingrad, Germany never recovered and did not win any more battles in the east.
Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)
Allied forces storm the beaches of Normandy delivering a final blow to Germany's weakened military.
Auschwitz Concentration Camp Liberated
Soviet troops enter and liberate the descructive concentration camp of Auschwitz.
Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day)
Allies accept the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany.
Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
An atomic bomb was dropped by the United States on Hiroshima. The explosion wiped out 90 percent of the city killing hundreds of thousand of people. Three days later, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, killing an estimated 40,000 people.
Victory over Japan Day (V-J Day)
The Japanese surrender to the United States effectively ending WWII.
Victorious Allied powers prosecute and convict Nazi leaders for the war crimes committed in WWII.
The time period of recovery for all countries involved after the devastating effects of World War II.
The United States and Soviet Union meet on opposite sides of the 38 parallel in Korea each claiming to be ruler of all of Korea. This leads to the Korean War two years later.