World War I, the Treaty of Versailles, and the Great Depression

By tq4040
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand's Assassination

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand's Assassination
    This is what started World War I. He was assassinated by Bosnians because they viewed him as a tyrant.
  • Austria-Hungary Declares War On Serbia

    Austria-Hungary Declares War On Serbia
    Due to the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Serbia did not want to investigate the assassination.
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    World War I

    This war occurred due to problems with nationalism, assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and Social Darwinism. Some countries wanted to get back land they lost. This caused many countries to make colonies out of areas in other countries. Thus, the nations grew their military and developed better weapons to compete with the other countries and to prepare for a possible war. The reason why the war spread so quickly to the world is because of the alliances that were made between the nations.
  • Declaration of War on France from Germany

    Declaration of War on France from Germany
    Due to the alliance system, Germany declared war on France since Austria-Hungary went to war with Serbia. Germany also declared war on Belgium, which is a neutral country, in order to invade France.
  • Lusitania is Sunken

    Lusitania is Sunken
    A German submarine sank the ship Lusitania because they claimed it was carrying contraband. U.S. citizens were not pleased and told Germany to not sink anymore ships without warning. Germany promised to do just that.
  • Sussex is Sunken

    Sussex is Sunken
    Germany again sunk another unarmed ship called the Sussex. They broke their promise to the United States about not destroying anymore unarmed ships without warning.
  • The Zimmerman Note is Sent

    The Zimmerman Note is Sent
    Germany sent a telegram to Mexico, asking to be allies with them, and that they will go to war with the United States and in return give Mexico back what they lost from the Mexican-American war. The British intercepted the telegram, informing America about the issue.
  • The U.S. Enters the War

    The U.S. Enters the War
    Because of the Zimmerman Note, the United States declared war on Germany. President Woodrow Wilson didn't want to remain neutral anymore.
  • The First Draftees Are Assigned

    The First Draftees Are Assigned
    The US's military wasn't very big, so Wilson asked the congress to pass the Selective Service Act, which drafted US citizens. The Secretary of War randomly selected a number, and the people who were assigned that number were drafted.
  • Fourteen Points Outlined

    Fourteen Points Outlined
    The Fourteen Points was an outline about America's war aims. Wilson wanted to change the world with this, which emphasized openness, independence, and freedom.
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    This treaty ends the war between Russia and Germany. Now because of this, Germany can send more troops to the Western Front.
  • Influenza Appears

    Influenza Appears
    A virus spread throughout the world. People say that it originally came from the United States, which then spread to the other countries during the war.
  • Germany Surrenders to the Allies

    Germany Surrenders to the Allies
    The Allies had the advantage when it came to number. Germany's front collapsed, so they surrendered, as well as Austria-Hungary.
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    Red Scare

    The Red Scare referrs to the spread of fear within the United States. People suspected communists in the United States were planning a revolution.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The people in the US were split when it came ot this treaty. There were the reservationists, who believed it was unconstitutional, but would vote for the treaty if it was slightly changed, and the irreconcilables who did not want any treaty that had to do with the League of Nations. The passage of the treaty failed many times, showing that the League of Nations were unreliable and wouldn't keep peace between nations.
  • Nineteenth Amendment Ratified

    Nineteenth Amendment Ratified
    The Nineteenth Amendment gave women the right to vote. After seeing the women take on the jobs that men usually have, President Wilson supported them.
  • Stock Market Sputters

    Stock Market Sputters
    The stock market started to have some sort of roller-coaster pattern. The prices went high up, then it went down, then back up. Then the stock market went down and didn't pick up at the end of October.
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    The Great Depression

    The Great Depression occurred due to many reasons - the biggest being the stock market crash. These problems include the wealthy not buying enough to keep the economy going, the Dust Bowl, easy credit, banks collapsing, not enough demand for crops, and unbalance in wealth throughout the nation.
  • Black Thursday

    Black Thursday
    Investors started selling more because they had a feeling that the stock market would crash. Prices went lower so that more people would buy.
  • Stock Market Crash or Black Teusday

    Stock Market Crash or Black Teusday
    The stock market finally crashed. It quickly put people out of business and took away lots of money.
  • Great Plains Becomes a Dust Bowl

    Great Plains Becomes a Dust Bowl
    There was a drought in the Great Plains that caused the soil to go bad. The grass that protected the topsoil no longer worked. This caused crops to fail. Also, more people from rural areas moved to urban areas.
  • Great Depression spreads to Europe

    Great Depression spreads to Europe
    Due to the United State's depression, Germany stops their reparation payments. Not only that, but France and Britain also suspended their war debts.
  • Hawley-Smoot Tariff Passes

    Hawley-Smoot Tariff Passes
    The Hawley-Smoot Tariff made foreign imports much more expensive. This made the Europeans to also pass protective tariffs. As a result, the depression spread to Europe.
  • Henry Ford Closes His Factories

    Henry Ford Closes His Factories
    Henry Ford closing his factories made plenty of people working for him unemployed. About 75,000 people lost their job.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Elected President

    Franklin D. Roosevelt Elected President
    Commonly referred to as "FDR", he's 32nd president of the United States - Democratic Party. He helped America through the Great Depression, and created the New Deal.
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is Created

    Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is Created
    The TVA was created to help Tennessee River Valley, due to how poor they were. The TVA created dams, gave electricity, provided jobs, and more.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) is Created

    Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) is Created
    The CCC was created to help the young men get through the depression. It offered jobs to over 2 million young men.
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    First New Deal

    The First New Deal was a plan created by Franklin D. Roosevelt to help people get through the Depression. It created organizations such as the CCC and the TVA.
  • American Liberty League Created

    American Liberty League Created
    The American Liberty League was created by the people who opposed the New Deal, claiming it gives the government too much power. The previous president, Herbert Hoover, was part of this organization.
  • Second New Deal Formed

    Second New Deal Formed
    FDR wanted to promote general welfare, so he created the Second New Deal. This deal helped the elderly, the poor, and the people who are unemployed, as well as create more projects to help people.
  • Social Security

    Social Security
    This helped the unemployed and poor by giving them unemployment insurance. It also helped the people who are disabled and/or hurt on the job.
  • Black Cabinet Established

    Black Cabinet Established
    The Black Cabinet was made up of African Americans who were Roosevelt's unofficial advisers. Robert Weaver, a member of the Black Cabinet, was the first regular Cabinet member who was black.
  • UAW Sit-Down Strike

    UAW Sit-Down Strike
    The members of UAW had a sit-down strike at a plant owned by General Motors. Finally, after 44 days, General Motors agreed to recognize the union.
  • FDR Adds Six Justices to the Supreme Court

    FDR Adds Six Justices to the Supreme Court
    FDR saw that the current Justices were old, so he wanted six more people added to the Supreme Court. Some people thought that FDR just wanted to gain more presidential power.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act

    Fair Labor Standards Act
    The Fair Labor Standards Act created minimum wage, maximum hours and illegalized child labor. The minimum wage was 25 cents per hour, and the maximum hours was 44 hours a week.
  • Twenty-second Amendment Passed

    Twenty-second Amendment Passed
    Due to President Franklin Roosevelt having four terms in Presidency, the Twenty-second Amendment was passed. It stated that you can't run for more than two terms.