US2012 - Semester 1 - Ibikunle-Salami

  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    An enslaved African American from Missouri, had sued for his freedom,
  • Free-Soil Party

    The Free-Soil Party wanted to prevent the expansion of slavery into the western territories.
  • Compromise of 1850

    California comes in as a free state, the rest of the new territory is decided by popular.
  • Violence Erupts in Kansas

    Southern proslavery forces attacked the free-state town or Lawrence, Kansas.
  • Department stores

    Rowland H. Macy opened what he called a department store in New York in 1858.
  • Edwin Drake

    In 1859, Edwin Drake drilled the firsr oil well in the world in Titusville, Pennsylvania
  • Charles Darwin's "On the Origin of Species"

    In 1859, a biologist Charles Darwin published "On the Origin of Species", arguing that animals evolved by a process of "natural selection" and that only the fittest survived to reproduce.
  • Election of 1860

    In the Presidental Election of 1860, the four candidates were Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglas, John Bell, and John Breckinridge
  • Lincoln Wins Election

    Lincoln wins the election, getting 60% of electoral votes; he did not recieve a single electoral vote from the south. Lincoln's win ends the the national politic powers and South Carolinda will secede from the Union.
  • The Confederacy Is Formed

    Seven eceding states established the Confederate States of America.
  • Lincoln Takes Office

    Lincoln was sworn into office on March 4th, 1861. In his inaugural address, he took a firm, but appeasing tone toward the South.
  • Pull Factors

    The 1862 Homestead Act and aid from railroad companies made western farmland inexpensive.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    stated that, "all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall the be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free."
  • Draft Law

    This law required all able-bodied men between the ages of 20 and 45 to serve in the military if callled, riots broke out in several northern cities.
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    Battle of Gettysburg

    This battle was a major turning point in the war, pushed the South back further.
  • 13th Amendment

    Andrew Johnson and Congress passed this amendment, that ends slavery.
  • Lee Surrenders

    Robert E. Lee surrenders to Grant.
  • Lincoln Is Assassinated

    President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated and his VP, Andrew Johnson becomes president.
  • Air Brakes For Trains

    George Westinghouse patented air brakes for trains.
  • Corporations Increased

    In 1870, a number of corporations in America increased dramatically.
  • "new" immigrants

    Beginning in the 1870s, Irish and Germans were joined by "new" immigrants from southern and eastern Europe.
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    Newspaper expansion

    Newspapers helped the spread of mass culture. Between 1870 and 1900 both reflected and helped create mass culture.
  • 15th Amendment

    This amendment was ratified guaranteeing the no male citizen could be denied the right to vote.
  • Chicago Fire

    A fire destroyed Chicago in 1871, killing between 200 to 300 people.
  • Yellowstone Park

    In 1872, Yellowstone Park was established to perserve land.
  • Election of 1876

    Samuel Tilden wins popular vote, but lets Rutherford B. Hayes be president if he promised to get the federal troops from the South. This ends reconstruction.
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    First Major Railroad Strike

    The first major strike occurred in the railroad industry in 1877 because wages were cut. First major strike that prompted other violent strikes.
  • Immigrants Flood US

    Nearly three quarters of a million immigrants arrived in America and begin to work for low wages.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    An act that prohibited Chinese laborers from coming to US and limited rights of Chinese laborers in the US.
  • Haymarket Square

    Workers wanted 8hr shirts instead of 10hr shifts.
  • Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)

    In 1887, the United State Senate created the ICC to monitor US businesses.
  • Americanization

    Many cities has huge immigrant populations, Americanization programs were formed to teach immigrants English, teach immigrants the American diet, and teach immigrants to dress like American.
  • How the Other Half Lives

    Jacob Riis is a journalist who brought the horrors of the tenements to the punlic eye.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    In 1890, the Senate passsed the Sherman Antitrust Act to monitor trusts and put a stop to monopolies.
  • Homestead Strike of 1892

    The public opinion of the Unions were turning, a Carnegie Steel plant in Homestead, Pennsylvania, cut worker's wages and the union immediately called a strike.
  • Ellis Island

    To enter US, immigrants had to be healthly and show that they had money, a skill, or a sponsor provide for them.
  • Pullman Strike of 1893

    The Pullman Palace Car Company laid off workerds, lowered the cost of wages, but did not lower the cost of living.
  • Nation's first subway system

    In 1897, Boston solved this problem by running the cars underground in the nation's first subway system. New York City followed in 1904.
  • Education

    In 1910, there were than 5,000 high schools. Kindergartens also appearedas a way to help working-class mothers.