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U.S. Presidents

  • William McKinley

    William McKinley
    William McKinley's term as President went from (1897-1901)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice Presidents: Theodore Roosevelt, Garret Hobart
    Major Legislation:-The Treaty of Paris (1898): Cuba's Independence recognized by Spainish Gov't; Spain gives up the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and the Pacific Island of Guam to the U.S.
    -Annexation of Hawaii (1998): United States needed naval stations in Hawaii to protect world trade.
  • William McKinely (cont)

    William McKinely (cont)
    Major Events: -The Spanish-American War (1898): U.S. went to war with Spain in order to end reconcentration camps, a truce in Cuba, and create Cuban Independence.
    -Assasination of President WIlliam McKinely (1901)
  • Period: to

    U.S Presidents

    (Begininng with McKinely to present day)
  • Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt
    2 Terms: (1901-1909)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President:Charles Fairbanks
    Major Legislation: -Spooner Act (1902): Authorized purchase of French Assets.
    -Roosevelt Corollary (1904-1905): Roosevelt denied the U.S. anymore territory.
    Major Events: -Construction of Panama Canal (1904-1914): Linked the two oceans, making global shippping faster and cheaper. -Nobel Peace Prize (1905): Roosevelt succeeded in keeping trade in China open to all nations, this recognizd him as a mediator.
  • William Howard Taft

    William Howard Taft
    Term: (1909-1913)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: James Sherman
    Major Legislation: -Payne-Aldrich Tariff (1909): Taft wanted to pass tariff reductions. His plan backfired.
    -New Nationalism (1910): Roosevelt's new plan to gain popularity and remove Taft's chance s in getting a second term.
  • William Howard Taft (cont.)

    William Howard Taft (cont.)
    Major Events: The Ballinger-Pinchot Affair (1909): Taft fired Pinchot and created a controversy in the Republican Party.
    -Split of the Republican Party (1912): Roosevelt created the Progressive Party to go against Taft and drive him out of office.
  • Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson
    2 Terms: (1913-1921)
    Politcal Party: Democrat
    Vice President: Thomas Marshall
    Major Legislation: -The Underwood Tariff Act (1913): reduced average tariff rates from 40% to 25%.
    -Clayton Anti-Trust Act (1914): Added to Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1840 and removed some rights from big buisnesses.
    -The Federal Reserve System (1913): Divided Country into 12 districts, each with a Federal Reserve Bank owned by its member banks.
    Major Events: Wilson wins 2nd term(1916)
    -Passage of Women's Suffrage(1920)
  • Warren G. Harding

    Warren G. Harding
    Term: (1921-1923)
    Politcal Party: Republican
    Vice President: Calvin Coolidge
    Major Legislation: Emergency Quota Act (1921): Limmited immigrants from entering the United States.
    -Emergency Tariff Act(Fordney-McCumber Tariff)(1921): Added protection to all American products and ended post-war recession.
    -The Budget and Accounting Act (1921): Harding cut gov't expense by nearly 1 million dollars.
  • Warren G. Harding (cont.)

    Warren G. Harding (cont.)
    Major Events: -Teapot Dome Scandal (1923): Oil Fields were leased to a private organization in order to gain extra money. Harding was considered "corrupt" in result to the event even though he may have not been involved.
    -Strange Death of Warren G. Harding. (1923): Harding strangely died in his hotel room in San Fransico and know one knows exactly how or why he died.
  • Calvin Coolidge

    Calvin Coolidge
    Terms: (1923-1929)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: Charles G. Dawes
    Major Legislation: -The Immigration Act of 1924(1924): Cut the amount of immigrants allowed into the U.S. to 150,000 a year.
    -Kellogg-Briand Pact(1928): Agreement in which many countries agreed that war would not be used as a solution to solve international disputes.
    Major Events: No noteable events.
  • Herbert Hoover

    Herbert Hoover
    Term: (1929-1933)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: Charles Curtis
    Major Legislation: -Emergency Relief and Construction Act (1932):created the Reconstruction Finance Corporation which funded public works across the country.
    -20th Amendment (1933): A.K.A."Lame Duck" Amendment reduced amount of time between election day and Ppresidential, Vice Presidential, and Congressional terms.
  • Herbert Hoover (cont.)

    Herbert Hoover (cont.)
    Major Events: Start of the Great Depression (1929): Result of the stock market crash.
    -Start of construction of Hoover Dam (1931)
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Term: (1933-1945)
    Political Party: Democrat
    Vice President: John Nance Garner, Henry Agard Wallace, Harry S. Truman
    Major Legislation: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (1933): guarentees the safety of a depositors account up to a certain amount.
    -Social Security (1935): "Social Insurance" aimed to reduce poverty and unemployment.
    Major Events: Pearl Harbor (1941); Japenese attacks U.S.
    -World War II (1939-1945): U.S. enters war after pearl Harbor, ends with bombing of Hiroshima and Nagaski.
  • Harry S. Truman

    Harry S. Truman
    Term (1945-1953)
    Political Party: Democrat
    Vice President: Alben Barkley
    Major Legislation: -Creation of the United Nations (1945): an international organization created after World War II to create peace amongst nations.
    -Ratification of the 22nd Amendment (1947); Set a term limit to the election of the President of the U.S.
  • Harry S. Truman

    Harry S. Truman
    Major Events: -End of World War II (1945); War ended with the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagaski.
    -Hydrogen Bomb detonated (1952): The U.S tested its first Hydrogen Bomb on Enewetak Atoll which ended up sinking and created a big crater on the ocean floor. This prototype was used to create smaller bombs that eveolved into the bombs we have today.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Term: (1953-1961)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: Richard Nixon
    Major Legislation: Interstate Highway System (1956): Network of freeways that forms part of the National Highway System of the U.S.
    -Eisenhower Doctrine (1957); Stated that a country could request American economic assistance and/or aid from U.S Military forces in times of danger.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Major Events: -End of Korean War (1953): Eisenhower secured an agreement that ended the 3 years of fighting.
    -NASA formed (1958):Congress passed the legislation and President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act into law on July 29, 1958.
  • John F. Kennedy

    John F. Kennedy
    Term: (1961-1963)
    Political Party: Democrat
    Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson
    Major Legislation: Peace Corps (1961): Developed to create world peace through cultural knowledge.
    -23rd Amendment Ratified (1961): Gave District of Columbia right to vote in Presidential Elections.
    Major Events: Bay of Pigs (1961): Unsucessful invasion of Cuba by the Brigade 2056.
    -Assassination of JFK (1963)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson

    Lyndon B. Johnson
    Terms: (1963-1969)
    Political Party: Democrat
    Vice President: Hubert Humphrey
    Major Legislation: Civil Rights Act: (1964): Outlawed all racial, ethnic, and female disrimination.
    -Medicare Amendment to S.S. Act (1965): Created Medicare and Medicaid.
    Major Events: Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. (1968)
    -Pueblo Incident (1968): USS Pueblo was boarded by North Korean forces.
  • Richard M. Nixon

    Richard M. Nixon
    Term: (1969-1974)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: Spiro Agnew, Gerald Ford
    Major Legislation: Environmental Protection Agency (1970): protects human health and the environment with a list of regulations passed by congress.
    -26th Amendment Ratified (1971): Gave 18 year olds the right to vote.
    Major Events: First Man to land on the Moon (1969): Neil Armstrong lands on the Moon in Apollo 11.
    -Nixon resigns (1974): Wanted to avoid impeachment for Watergate Scandal.
  • Gerald R. Ford

    Gerald R. Ford
    Term: (1974-1977)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: Nelson Rockefeller
    Major Legislation: Campaign Reform Law (1974): Placed legal limits on campaign contributions.
    -Helsinki Agreement (1975): Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe. Attempted to improve relations between the Communist Bloc and the West.
  • Gerald R. Ford (cont.)

    Gerald R. Ford (cont.)
    Major Events: Ford grants Nixon an unconditional pardon (1974): President Ford pardoned all crimes Nixon may have commited during presidency.
    -Communist Forces conquer South Vietnam (1975-76): Brought the Vietnam War to an end.
  • Jimmy Carter

    Jimmy Carter
    Term: (1977-1981)
    Politcal Party: Democrat
    Vice President: Walter Mondale
    Major Legislation: Panama Canal Treaty (1977): Promised to end U.S. control of canal in 2000. Also gave U.S. premanent authority to defend canal when threatened.
    -Camp David Accords (1978): Two Framework agreements were signed to create peace between Egypt and Israel and peace in the Middle East.
  • Jimmy Carter (cont.)

    Jimmy Carter (cont.)
    Major Events: Three Mile Island Incident (1979): A partial nuclear meltdown that took place in Dauphin County, PN.
    -Iran Hostage Crisis (1979-81): A crisis between Iran and the U.S. in which 52 Americans were held hostage for 444 days.
  • Ronald Reagan

    Ronald Reagan
    Terms: (1981-1989)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: George H.W. Bush
    Major Legislation: Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981: lowered income taxes.
    -Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986: granted amnesty to illegal immigrants who entered the United States before January 1, 1982 and had stayed there continuously.
  • Ronald Reagan (cont.)

    Ronald Reagan (cont.)
    Major Events: Iran-Contra Scandal (1985-89): Officials secretly sold arms to Iran in an effort to free American captives.
    -Stark Incident in Gulf War (1987): Durin the Iraq-Iran War the USS Stark American Frigate was attacked by an Iraqi aircraft.
  • George H.W. Bush

    George H.W. Bush
    Term: (1989-93)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: Dan Quayle
    Major Legislation: Americans with Disabilities Act (1990): civil rights law that prohibits discimination based on disability.
    -Clean Air Act (1990): Enviornmental Policy relating to the reduction of smog and air pollution.
    Major Events: Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska (1989)
    -Operation Dessert Storm (1990-91): War with Iraq for their invasion.
  • Bill Clinton

    Bill Clinton
    Terms: (1993-2001)
    Political Party: Democrat
    Vice President: Al Gore
    Major Legislation: NAFTA (1993): Created a trilateral trade bloc in the U.S
    -Minmum Wage Increased (1996): Wage increased by 90 cents an hour.
    Major Events: World trade Center Bombing (!1993): A terroist attack in an attempt to take down the two towers.
    -Clinton impeached (1999): Charged with perjury and obstruction of justice. He was later aquitted by the senate.
  • George W. Bush

    George W. Bush
    Terms: (2001-2009)
    Political Party: Republican
    Vice President: Dick Cheney
    Major Legislation: USA Patriot Act (2001): Act passed by congress to stop terrorism in the U.S.
    Homeland Security Act (2002): another effort to stop terrorism and pay for the damages it creates.
    Major Events: Terrorist Attack on Pentagon and World Trade Centers (2001): Terrorist attack on the U.S. by Al Qaeda.
    -War in Afghanistan (2001-Present): Intended to stop terrorism and take power away from the Taliban.
  • Barack Obama

    Barack Obama
    Terms: (2009-Present)
    Political Party: Democrat
    Vice president: Joe Biden
    Major Legislation: Lilly Ledbetter Fair Act (2009): revised the statute of limitations for filing pay discrimination lawsuits.
    -American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (2013): extends certain tax relief provisions and provides comprehensive tax reforms.
    Major Events: Outbreak of H1N1 (2009): outbreak of swine flu killed hundreds of thousands in the U.S.
    -Sandy Hook Shooting (2012): Shooting in Connecticut that took 27 lives.