US History

  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    University founder Leland Stanford pushed the final spike that marked the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
  • Industrialization begins to boom

    Industrialization begins to boom
    Rapid industrialization started in Britain, beginning with mechanized spinning in the 1780s, with rapid rates of increases in steam power and iron manufacturing continuing after the 1800s.
  • Homestead act

    Homestead act
    Homestead Acts were a series of legislation in the United States that allowed the applicant to gain possession of government land or public domains, commonly referred to as homesteads.
  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    William Magear Tweed, nicknamed “Boss Tweed”, the corrupt politician behind the Tammany Hall party machine from the height of its power in 1868 to his eventual downfall in 1871.
  • Telephone invented

    Telephone invented
    Alexander Graham Bell was the first person to register the invention of the telephone at the patent office. ... The telephone came about because they were trying to improve the capabilities of the telegraph.
  • Recronstruction Ends

    Recronstruction Ends
    The Compromise of 1876 finally ended the era of reconstruction. The assurances of the Southern Democrats to secure the civil and democratic rights of blacks have not been maintained, and the end of federal interference in southern relations has led to extensive disenfranchisement of black voters.
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    Gilded age

    The Gilded Age was an era of rapid economic growth, especially in the Northern United States and the Western United States.
  • Light bulb invented

    Light bulb invented
    Edison's laboratory in Menlo Park, N.J., tested more than 3,000 designs for bulbs between 1878 and 1880. In November 1879, Edison filed a patent for an electric lamp with a carbon filament.
  • 3rd wave of immigration

    3rd wave of immigration
    The third wave, between 1880 and 1914, brought over 20 million European immigrants to the United States, an average of 650,000 a year at a time when the United States had 75 million residents
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act provided for selection of some government employees by competitive exams rather than ties to politicians, and made it illegal to fire or demote some government officials for political reasons.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices.
  • Dawes act

    Dawes act
    The Dawes Act of 1887 authorized the President of the United States to subdivide Native American tribal communal landholdings into allotments for Native American heads of families and individuals.
  • Andrew Carnegie's Gospel of Wealth

    Andrew Carnegie's Gospel of Wealth
    "The Gospel of Wealth", is an article written by Andrew Carnegie in June of 1889 that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    The Sherman Antitrust Act was enacted in 1890 to curtail combinations of power that interfere with trade and reduce economic competition. It outlaws both formal cartels and attempts to monopolize any part of commerce in the United States.
  • Pullman labor Strike

    Pullman labor Strike
    widespread railroad strike and boycott that severely disrupted rail traffic in the Midwest of the United States in June–July 1894. The federal government's response to the unrest marked the first time that an injunction was used to break a strike.
  • Klondike gold rush

    Klondike gold rush
    The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon, in north-western Canada,
  • • Arab-Israeli War Begins (1948)

    •	Arab-Israeli War Begins (1948)
    The Arab-Israeli War broke out when five Arab nations invaded territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel.
  • • Sam Walton Opens First Walmart (1962)

    •	Sam Walton Opens First Walmart (1962)
    On July 2, 1962, Sam Walton opens the first Walmart store in Rogers, Arkansas.
  • • Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins (1964)

    •	Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins (1964)
    The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century amidst the greater Arab–Israeli conflict. Various attempts have been made to resolve the conflict as part of the Israeli–Palestinian peace process.
  • • Six Day War (1967)

    •	Six Day War (1967)
    The Six-Day War, also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 between Israel and Jordan, Syria, and Egypt.
  • • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1970)

    •	Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1970)
    an independent executive agency of the United States federal government tasked with environmental protection matters.
  • • Policy of Détente Begins (1971)

    •	Policy of Détente Begins (1971)
    The era was a time of increased trade and cooperation with the Soviet Union and the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) treaties.
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    jimmy carter

    an American politician, businessman, and philanthropist who served as the 39th president of the United States
  • • Nixon Visits Communist China (1972)

    •	Nixon Visits Communist China (1972)
    Nixon's historic visit began the slow process of the re-establishing diplomatic relations between the United States and communist China
  • the Watergate scandal

    the Watergate scandal
    The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal in the United States involving the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon that led to Nixon's resignation.
  • • OPEC Oil Embargo (1973)

    •	OPEC Oil Embargo (1973)
    an event where the 12 countries that made up OPEC stopped selling oil to the United States. The embargo sent gas prices through the roof.
  • • First Cell-Phones (1973)

    •	First Cell-Phones (1973)
    The first phone call made on a handheld cellular phone was made on April 3, 1973. The first handheld cellular phone call was made on April 3, 1973, by Motorola engineer Martin Cooper
  • • United States v. Nixon (1974)

    •	United States v. Nixon (1974)
    Supreme Court case that resulted in a unanimous decision against President Richard Nixon, ordering him to deliver tape recordings and other subpoenaed materials to a federal district court.
  • • Ford Pardons Nixon (1974)

    •	Ford Pardons Nixon (1974)
    Nixon felt he had not committed any crimes and should not have to issue such a document. Ford eventually agreed, and granted Nixon a "full, free, and absolute pardon" that ended any possibility of an indictment.
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    Gerald Ford (1974-1977)

    an American politician and attorney who served as the 38th president of the United States
  • • Bill Gates Starts Microsoft (1975)

    •	Bill Gates Starts Microsoft (1975)
    Bill Gates and Paul G. Allen, two boyhood friends from Seattle, converted BASIC, a popular mainframe computer programming language, for use on an early personal computer (PC), the Altair. Shortly afterward, Gates and Allen founded Microsoft,
  • • National Rifle Associate (NRA) Lobbying Begins (1975)

    •	National Rifle Associate (NRA) Lobbying Begins (1975)
    Established in 1975, the Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the "lobbying" arm of the National Rifle Association of America.
  • • Steve Jobs Starts Apple (1976)

    •	Steve Jobs Starts Apple (1976)
    On April 1, 1976, Apple Computer Company was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne. The company was registered as a California business partnership.
  • • Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (1977)

    •	Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (1977)
    federal law designed to encourage commercial banks and savings associations to help meet the needs of borrowers in all segments of their communities, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods.
  • • Camp David Accords (1978)

    •	Camp David Accords (1978)
    The Camp David Accords were a pair of political agreements signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem
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    : Iran Hostage Crisis (1979-1981)

    The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between the United States and Iran. Fifty-two American diplomats and citizens were held hostage after a group of militarized Iranian college students
  • • Conservative Resurgence (1981)

    •	Conservative Resurgence (1981)
    It was launched with the charge that the seminaries and denominational agencies were dominated by liberals. The movement was primarily aimed at reorienting the denomination away from a liberal trajectory.
  • • “Trickle Down Economics” (1981)

    •	“Trickle Down Economics” (1981)
    Will Rogers, who used it to derisively describe President Herbert Hoover's stimulus efforts during the Great Depression. More recently, opponents of President Ronald Reagan used the term to attack his income tax cuts.
  • • War on Drugs (1981)

    •	War on Drugs (1981)
    The War on Drugs was a relatively small component of federal law-enforcement efforts until the presidency of Ronald Reagan, which began in 1981.
  • • AIDS Epidemic (1981)

    •	AIDS Epidemic (1981)
    the first cases of an illness subsequently defined as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were reported by health-care providers in California and CDC
  • • Sandra Day O’Connor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court (1981)

    •	Sandra Day O’Connor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court (1981)
    Sandra Day O'Connor was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Reagan on August 19, 1981, thus fulfilling his 1980 campaign promise to appoint the first woman to the highest court in the United States.
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    Ronald Reagan (1981- 1989)

    an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989 and became a highly influential voice of modern conservatism.
  • • Marines in Lebanon (1983)

    •	Marines in Lebanon (1983)
    the U.S. embassy in Beirut was devastated by a car bomb, killing 63 people, including 17 Americans. Then, on October 23, Lebanese terrorists evaded security measures and drove a truck packed with explosives into the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, killing 241 U.S. military personnel.
  • • Iran-Contra Affair (1985)

    •	Iran-Contra Affair (1985)
    The Iran–Contra affair popularized in Iran as the McFarlane affair, the Iran–Contra scandal, or simply Iran–Contra, was a political scandal in the United States
  • • The Oprah Winfrey Show First Airs (1986)

    •	The Oprah Winfrey Show First Airs (1986)
    On September 8, 1986, The Oprah Winfrey Show is broadcast nationally for the first time. A huge success, her daytime television talk show turns Winfrey into one of the most powerful, wealthy people in show business and, arguably, one of the most influential women in America.
  • • “Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!” (1987)

    •	“Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!” (1987)
    the Berlin Wall Speech, was a speech delivered by United States President Ronald Reagan in West Berlin on June 12, 1987.
  • • End of Cold War (1989)

    •	End of Cold War (1989)
    The Cold War came to an end with the collapse of Communist parties rule in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union and the disintegration of the Soviet Union. The Non-Aligned Movement also had a note in the process that brought the Cold War finally to end.
  • • Berlin Wall Falls (1989)

    •	Berlin Wall Falls (1989)
    The fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and the start of the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe.
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    George H. W. Bush (1989- 1993)

  • • Germany Reunification (1990)

    •	Germany Reunification (1990)
    German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany
  • • Iraq Invades Kuwait (1990)

    •	Iraq Invades Kuwait (1990)
    a two-day-long operation conducted by Iraq starting on 2 August 1990, whereby it invaded the neighbouring State of Kuwait, consequently resulting in a seven-month-long Iraqi military occupation of the country.
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    : Persian Gulf War (1990- 1991)

  • • Soviet Union Collapses (1991)

    •	Soviet Union Collapses (1991)
    The dissolution of the Soviet Union was the process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union,
  • • Operation Desert Storm (1991)

    •	Operation Desert Storm (1991)
    The Gulf War was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait arising from oil pricing and production disputes.
  • • NAFTA Founded (1994)

    •	NAFTA Founded (1994)
    North American Free Trade Agreement