US Government Timeline- LB

  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    King John signed for the Magna Carta, It was moved from rule of man to the rule of law. It outlined rights which a king could not violate. Had taxation and trail provisions.
  • Jamestown's House of Burgesses

    Jamestown's House of Burgesses
    its origin in the first meeting of the Virginia General Assembly at Jamestown. This was assembly in July . The first democratically-elected legislative body in the British American colonies.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    Document signed on the English ship Mayflower on November 21. Prior to its landing at Plymouth Massachusetts. Each charter guaranteed colonists the “Rights of Englishmen.”
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    King Charles was required to sign the Petition of Rights. Required monarchs to obtain Parliamentary approval before the new taxes.
  • Charles and Parliament

    Charles and Parliament
    There was a conflict between Charles and Parliament. There conflict erupted into the civil war. Charles defeated, beheaded
  • Crown and Parliament

    Crown and Parliament
    Conflicts was renewed. It made a rebellion. The rebellion was the Crown and Parliament
  • William and Mary

    William and Mary
    William and Mary was chosen to rule. They had to govern. They had to according to statutes of Parliament
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    an original Act of the English Parliament. It has been in the custody of Parliament since its creation. The Bill firmly established the principles of frequent parliaments, free elections and freedom of speech within Parliament
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    The tax was enacted on April 5, 1764 and took places on September 29th. It cut duty on foreign molasses from 6 to 3 per gallon. Stop the importations of rum also.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The British Parliament made exacted revenue from the American colonies. It imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents. Colonial opposition led to the act's repeal in 1766
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    The Boston Massacre was a deadly riot. British soldiers fired into the big crowd. 5 of the colonists died.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The American colonists threw chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. They threw it to agitate against both tax on the tea. the perceived monopoly of the East India Company.
  • Intolerable Act

    Intolerable Act
    It started in the American colonies. They passed four laws. British Parliament to punish the colony of Massachusetts Bay for the Boston Tea Party.
  • Shays Rebellion

    Shays Rebellion
    Massachusetts farmers rebelled over prospect of losing land. Farmers attacked courthouses to keep judges from foreclosing on farms. Stormed military arsenal
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    They established a plan for settling the Northwest Territory. They included disputed lands. They banned slavery in the territory.
  • The Constitutional Convention

    The drafting a New Constitution. Framers had delegates to the Constitutional Convention. James Madison father of the constitution.
  • Judiciary Act

    Judiciary Act
    They established a tree-tiered Judicial Structure
    1.District courts
    2.Circuit courts
    3.Supreme Courts
  • Gazette of United States

    Gazette of United States
    The Federalist paper of Gazette of the US was published
  • Dual Federalism

    Dual Federalism
    Both state and national governments were equal authorities operating within their own spheres of influence
    Strict reading
    National government only had powers listed in Constitution
  • National Gazette

    National Gazette
    The Whigs countered with the National Gazette
  • The Vice President

    The Vice President
    The Vice President came 2nd
  • Marbury v Madison

    Marbury v Madison
    Power of judicial review
    Thomas Jefferson defeated John Admas
    Admas and the congress passed the Judiciary Act
  • 12th amendment

    12th amendment
    Allows the President to choose the Vice President.
  • MuCulloch v. Maryland

    MuCulloch v. Maryland
    Maryland taxed the national bank
    Court ruled bank was necessary and proper
    Maryland couldn’t tax bank b/c it could weaken the national government
    "The power to tax is the power to destroy."
  • Gibbon v. Ogden

    Gibbon v. Ogden
    Right of a state legislature to award a monopoly to operate a steamship line between NY and NJ.
  • Democrats Rublican split

    Democrats Rublican split
    The Democrats Rublican split up into todays two majors parties.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    Dred Scott was a enslaved man who was sued for his and his famliy freedom
    Court said he was not a citizen and gave him no legal standing to sue
    The Supreme Court called this case the "greatest disaster"
  • Morrill Act

    Morrill Act
    Granted large tracts of land to states
    States sold lots of land
    They used money for colleges
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Louisiana enacted the Separate Car Act, which required separate railway cars for blacks and whites.
    They ruled that segregation was legal as long as the facilities were equal
    "Separate but Equal" doctrine
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    Direct election of Senators
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    Gave congress authority to set a federal incomes tax
    Was the main source of US income
  • Expanding the National Power

    Expanding the National Power
    Railroads, telegraph, and new machinery changed the whole US
    The population grew between 1870 and 1916
    Government passed legislation to reform social conditions and business practices
  • Electronic Media

    Electronic Media
    The radio became the first form of electronic media
  • Native Americans

    Native Americans
    Native Americans got citizenship in 1924
    most treaties resulted in loss land and rights
    Fed Govt. can regulate commerce with tribes
  • Cooperative Federalism

    Cooperative Federalism
    States and Nationl Govnment worked together to deal with the whole great depression
    Many cases about FDR
  • The New Deal Era

    The New Deal Era
    Roosevelt's had a economic legislation
    The court was it as an assault on property rights
    Ruled that the New Deal programs violated the constitution
  • Minersville School District v. Gobitis

    Minersville School District v. Gobitis
    The Supreme Court ruled that a child could be expelled.
    The child was expelled because they refused to salute to the Pledge.
    This actions violated the childs religious belief.
  • United States v. Darby

    United States v. Darby
    Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act
    Darby, shipped lumber out of state then he was arrested for violating the FLSA.
    His charges were dismissed because the federal district court saw that the FLSA's was unconstitutional
  • West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

    West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
    The court reversed itself and decided unity was not a sufficient reason to overrule religious beliefs.
    They made free access to a full range of opinions with people beliefs is necessary to make thoughtful.
  • Korematsu v. The United States

    Korematsu v. The United States
    U.S. government chose to require Japanese.
    Fred Korematsu had chose to stay at his residence rather than obey the order to relocate.
    Korematsu was arrested for violating the order.
  • Television

    The television ended up replacing the radio as most influential electronic media
  • Brown v. Board

    Brown v. Board
    The case was arising in Kansas
    Relating to the segregation of public schools on the basis of race.
    The African American students had been denied admittance to certain public schools based on laws allowing public education to be segregated by race.
    They argued that the segregation was violated the 14th Amendment.
  • Edwards v. South Carolina

    Edwards v. South Carolina
    187 African-American students went and gathered at the state capitol to protest about the racial injustice.
    Police told them to end the protest and they did not.
    Court said they were protesting legally.
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Outlaws discrimination
    They outlaw it on race , color, religion, or national origin
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
    Ernesto Miranda was arrested in his house and brought to the police station
    He was being question about a kidnapping and rape
    The jury found Miranda guilty.
    On a appeal, the Supreme Court of Arizona affirmed and held that Miranda’s constitutional rights were not violated
  • Loving v. Virginia

    Loving v. Virginia
    The couple Mildred Jeter, a black woman, and Richard Loving, a white man, had went and got married in the District of Columbia.
    They returned to Virginia and then got charged with violating the states antimiscegenation statute
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act

    Age Discrimination in Employment Act
    Protects applicants
    they protects employees of 40+ years old
    They protect them based on age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, privileges, and etc.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Tinker v. Des Moines
    A group of kids wanted to show their support for a truce in the Vietnam war. They held the meeting at Des Moines house
    The principals of the Des Moines school learned of the plan and met on December 14 to create a policy that stated that any student wearing an armband would be asked to remove
    Students parents sued the school for violating the students rights of expression.
  • War Power Resolution

    War Power Resolution
    President must consult with Congress before sending troops. Congress can force the president to end use of military with a concurrent resolution
  • New Federalism

    New Federalism
    They returned some authority to state government
    They began in 1980s
    Ronald Regan believed state government could be better to provide services to people
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities.
    They protect people with disabilities in all areas of public life
    It includes things like jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
  • Homeland security

    Homeland security
    They add this in 2003
    Reorganization of agencies already in place
  • District of Columbia v. Heller

    District of Columbia v. Heller
    District of Columbia Code made it illegal to carry an unregistered firearm
    Heller was a D.C. special police officer who was authorized to carry a handgun while on duty.
    Heller applied for a one year license for a handgun he wished to keep at home, but his application was denied.
    Heller ended up suing.
  • Obergfell v. Hodges

    Obergfell v. Hodges
    States have the same sex marriage ban.
    Same sex couples sued their relevant states for this ban.
    Ruled states must grant and recognize same-sex marriage