King John signed for the Magna Carta, It was moved from rule of man to the rule of law. It outlined rights which a king could not violate. Had taxation and trail provisions.
Jamestown's House of Burgesses
its origin in the first meeting of the Virginia General Assembly at Jamestown. This was assembly in July . The first democratically-elected legislative body in the British American colonies.
Document signed on the English ship Mayflower on November 21. Prior to its landing at Plymouth Massachusetts. Each charter guaranteed colonists the “Rights of Englishmen.”
Petition of Right
King Charles was required to sign the Petition of Rights. Required monarchs to obtain Parliamentary approval before the new taxes.
Charles and Parliament
There was a conflict between Charles and Parliament. There conflict erupted into the civil war. Charles defeated, beheaded
Crown and Parliament
Conflicts was renewed. It made a rebellion. The rebellion was the Crown and Parliament
William and Mary
William and Mary was chosen to rule. They had to govern. They had to according to statutes of Parliament
English Bill of Rights
an original Act of the English Parliament. It has been in the custody of Parliament since its creation. The Bill firmly established the principles of frequent parliaments, free elections and freedom of speech within Parliament
The tax was enacted on April 5, 1764 and took places on September 29th. It cut duty on foreign molasses from 6 to 3 per gallon. Stop the importations of rum also.
The British Parliament made exacted revenue from the American colonies. It imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents. Colonial opposition led to the act's repeal in 1766
The Boston Massacre was a deadly riot. British soldiers fired into the big crowd. 5 of the colonists died.
Boston Tea Party
The American colonists threw chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. They threw it to agitate against both tax on the tea. the perceived monopoly of the East India Company.
It started in the American colonies. They passed four laws. British Parliament to punish the colony of Massachusetts Bay for the Boston Tea Party.
Massachusetts farmers rebelled over prospect of losing land. Farmers attacked courthouses to keep judges from foreclosing on farms. Stormed military arsenal
They established a plan for settling the Northwest Territory. They included disputed lands. They banned slavery in the territory.
The Constitutional Convention
The drafting a New Constitution. Framers had delegates to the Constitutional Convention. James Madison father of the constitution.
They established a tree-tiered Judicial Structure
Gazette of United States
The Federalist paper of Gazette of the US was published
Both state and national governments were equal authorities operating within their own spheres of influence
National government only had powers listed in Constitution
The Whigs countered with the National Gazette
The Vice President
The Vice President came 2nd
Marbury v Madison
Power of judicial review
Thomas Jefferson defeated John Admas
Admas and the congress passed the Judiciary Act
Allows the President to choose the Vice President.
MuCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland taxed the national bank
Court ruled bank was necessary and proper
Maryland couldn’t tax bank b/c it could weaken the national government
"The power to tax is the power to destroy."
Gibbon v. Ogden
Right of a state legislature to award a monopoly to operate a steamship line between NY and NJ.
Democrats Rublican split
The Democrats Rublican split up into todays two majors parties.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Dred Scott was a enslaved man who was sued for his and his famliy freedom
Court said he was not a citizen and gave him no legal standing to sue
The Supreme Court called this case the "greatest disaster"
Granted large tracts of land to states
States sold lots of land
They used money for colleges
Plessy v. Ferguson
Louisiana enacted the Separate Car Act, which required separate railway cars for blacks and whites.
They ruled that segregation was legal as long as the facilities were equal
"Separate but Equal" doctrine
Direct election of Senators
Gave congress authority to set a federal incomes tax
Was the main source of US income
Expanding the National Power
Railroads, telegraph, and new machinery changed the whole US
The population grew between 1870 and 1916
Government passed legislation to reform social conditions and business practices
The radio became the first form of electronic media
Native Americans got citizenship in 1924
most treaties resulted in loss land and rights
Fed Govt. can regulate commerce with tribes
States and Nationl Govnment worked together to deal with the whole great depression
Many cases about FDR
The New Deal Era
Roosevelt's had a economic legislation
The court was it as an assault on property rights
Ruled that the New Deal programs violated the constitution
Minersville School District v. Gobitis
The Supreme Court ruled that a child could be expelled.
The child was expelled because they refused to salute to the Pledge.
This actions violated the childs religious belief.
United States v. Darby
Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act
Darby, shipped lumber out of state then he was arrested for violating the FLSA.
His charges were dismissed because the federal district court saw that the FLSA's was unconstitutional
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
The court reversed itself and decided unity was not a sufficient reason to overrule religious beliefs.
They made free access to a full range of opinions with people beliefs is necessary to make thoughtful.
Korematsu v. The United States
U.S. government chose to require Japanese.
Fred Korematsu had chose to stay at his residence rather than obey the order to relocate.
Korematsu was arrested for violating the order.
The television ended up replacing the radio as most influential electronic media
Brown v. Board
The case was arising in Kansas
Relating to the segregation of public schools on the basis of race.
The African American students had been denied admittance to certain public schools based on laws allowing public education to be segregated by race.
They argued that the segregation was violated the 14th Amendment.
Edwards v. South Carolina
187 African-American students went and gathered at the state capitol to protest about the racial injustice.
Police told them to end the protest and they did not.
Court said they were protesting legally.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
They outlaw it on race , color, religion, or national origin
Miranda v. Arizona
Ernesto Miranda was arrested in his house and brought to the police station
He was being question about a kidnapping and rape
The jury found Miranda guilty.
On a appeal, the Supreme Court of Arizona affirmed and held that Miranda’s constitutional rights were not violated
Loving v. Virginia
The couple Mildred Jeter, a black woman, and Richard Loving, a white man, had went and got married in the District of Columbia.
They returned to Virginia and then got charged with violating the states antimiscegenation statute
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
they protects employees of 40+ years old
They protect them based on age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, privileges, and etc.
Tinker v. Des Moines
A group of kids wanted to show their support for a truce in the Vietnam war. They held the meeting at Des Moines house
The principals of the Des Moines school learned of the plan and met on December 14 to create a policy that stated that any student wearing an armband would be asked to remove
Students parents sued the school for violating the students rights of expression.
War Power Resolution
President must consult with Congress before sending troops. Congress can force the president to end use of military with a concurrent resolution
They returned some authority to state government
They began in 1980s
Ronald Regan believed state government could be better to provide services to people
Americans with Disabilities Act
Prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities.
They protect people with disabilities in all areas of public life
It includes things like jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
They add this in 2003
Reorganization of agencies already in place
District of Columbia v. Heller
District of Columbia Code made it illegal to carry an unregistered firearm
Heller was a D.C. special police officer who was authorized to carry a handgun while on duty.
Heller applied for a one year license for a handgun he wished to keep at home, but his application was denied.
Heller ended up suing.
Obergfell v. Hodges
States have the same sex marriage ban.
Same sex couples sued their relevant states for this ban.
Ruled states must grant and recognize same-sex marriage