The Process of Incorporation

Timeline created by kaileyware
In History
  • Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad Company v. City of Chicago

    Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad Company v. City of Chicago
    The City of Chicago wanted to connect two disjoint sections of Rockwell Street between 18th and 19th Streets, over private property.
  • Gitlow v. New York

    Gitlow v. New York
    A landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court holding that the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution had extended the First Amendment's provisions protecting freedom of speech and freedom of the press to apply to the governments of U.S. states.
  • Near v. Minnesota

    Near v. Minnesota
    A landmark decision of the US Supreme Court under which prior restraint on publication was found to violate freedom of the press as protected under the First Amendment. This principle was applied to free speech generally in subsequent jurisprudence.
  • DeJonge v. Oregon

    DeJonge v. Oregon
    A case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the Fourteenth Amendment's due process clause applies to freedom of assembly.
  • Cantwell v. Connecticut

    Cantwell v. Connecticut
    A decision by the United States Supreme Court holding that the First Amendment's federal protection of religious free exercise incorporates via the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and so applies to state governments too.
  • Everson v. Board of Education

    Everson v. Board of Education
    A landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court which applied the Establishment Clause in the country's Bill of Rights to state law.
  • In re Oliver

    In re Oliver
    A decision by the United States Supreme Court involving the application of the right of due process in state court proceedings.
  • Mapp v. Ohio

    Mapp v. Ohio
    A case in which the Court decided that evidence obtained illegally may not be used against someone in a court of law by the Fourth Amendment.
  • Robinson v. California

    Robinson v. California
    The first landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court in which the Eighth Amendment of the Constitution was interpreted to prohibit criminalization of particular acts or conduct, as contrasted with prohibiting the use of a particular form of punishment for a crime.
  • Edwards v. South Carolina

    Edwards v. South Carolina
    A landmark decision of the US Supreme Court ruling that the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution forbade state government officials to force a crowd to disperse when they are otherwise legally marching in front of a statehouse.
  • Gideon v. Wainwright

    Gideon v. Wainwright
    A landmark the United States Supreme Court case in which the Court unanimously held that in criminal cases states are required under the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution to provide an attorney to defendants who are unable to afford their own attorneys.
  • Ker v. California

    Ker v. California
    A case before the United States Supreme Court, which incorporated the Fourth Amendment's protections against illegal search and seizure.
  • Malloy v. Hogan

    Malloy v. Hogan
    A case in which the Supreme Court of the United States deemed defendants' Fifth Amendment privilege not to be compelled to be witnesses against themselves was applicable within state courts as well as federal courts, overruling the decision in Twining v. New Jersey.
  • Pointer v. Texas

    Pointer v. Texas
    A decision by the United States Supreme Court involving the application of the right to confront accusers in state court proceedings.
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
    The Court ruled that the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution restricts prosecutors from using a person's statements made in response to interrogation in police custody as evidence at their trial unless they can show that the person was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning, and of the right against self-incrimination before police questioning, and that the defendant not only understood these rights but voluntarily waived them
  • Klopfer v. North Carolina

    Klopfer v. North Carolina
    A decision by the United States Supreme Court involving the application of the Speedy Trial Clause of the United States Constitution in state court proceedings.
  • Washington v. Texas

    Washington v. Texas
    A United States Supreme Court case in which the Court decided that the Compulsory Process Clause of the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution is applicable in state courts as well as federal courts.
  • Duncan v. Louisiana

    Duncan v. Louisiana
    A significant United States Supreme Court decision which incorporated the Sixth Amendment right to a jury trial and applied it to the states.
  • Benton v. Maryland

    Benton v. Maryland
    A Supreme Court of the United States decision concerning double jeopardy. Benton ruled that the Double Jeopardy Clause of the Fifth Amendment applies to the states. In doing so, Benton expressly overruled Palko v. Connecticut.
  • Schilb v. Kuebel

    Schilb v. Kuebel
    Appellant Schilb, charged with two traffic offenses, secured pretrial release after depositing 10% of the bail fixed. He was convicted of one offense and acquitted of the other. After he paid his fine, all but 1% of the bail (amounting to $7.50) was refunded.
  • Rabe v. Washington

    Rabe v. Washington
    A decision by the United States Supreme Court involving the application of obscenity laws and criminal procedure to the states.
  • Argersinger v. Hamlin

    Argersinger v. Hamlin
    a United States Supreme Court decision holding that the accused cannot be subjected to actual imprisonment unless provided with counsel.
  • McDonald v. Chicago

    McDonald v. Chicago
    A landmark decision of the Supreme Court of the United States that found that the right of an individual to "keep and bear arms," as protected under the Second Amendment, is incorporated by either the Due Process Clause or Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and is thereby enforceable against the states.
  • Timbs v. Indiana

    Timbs v. Indiana
    A United States Supreme Court case in which the Court dealt with the applicability of the excessive fines clause of the Constitution's Eighth Amendment to state and local governments in the context of asset forfeiture.