FIrst government of the United States. Gave more power to the State governments.
Federalism (National Power of Governement Change)
Meeting where the system of federalism was applied to the United States government. Gave more power to Federal gov. than Articles of Confederation.
Enumerated power that allows Federal Government to be the only one that can regulate interstate and foreign commerce. This enumerated power is only specific to the federal government so therefore gives it more power.
Last Amendment to be part of the Bill of Rights. It stated that the federal government has only the powers given by the Constitution. This limited government power by limiting its powers to only the Constitution.
McCulloch v. Maryland
State of Maryland imposed taxes on all banks inside the state and the Second Bank of the Unites States. Supreme Court ruled that this was not a valid law because and pulled the Necessary and Proper Clause to backup their decision. National Government power increased because it ruled over State decision.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Supreme Court argued that because the federal government can regulate interstate commerce, that it can also regulate navigation. Federal government gained power to regulate nagivation between the state.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
United States federal government ruled that Africans cannot be US citizens. Supreme Court also ruled that the Federal Government could not regulate the transfer of slaves between United States territories.
American Civil War
Civil war between the Confederacy and Union over state rights. Union won and federal power was expanded by ending slavery.
Provided equal protection under the law to all individuals. This was not a popular belief under with Southern states, but they had to ratify in order to receive seats in Congress. State rights were limited because Federal government ruled that all states must comply with the amendment.
Plessy v Ferguson
Supreme Court decided that separate but equal faciliteis are unconstitutional. Federal govenment gained more power because it ruled over the state laws.
Pure Food and Drug Act
Gave the Federal Government and the agencies created the power to refulate the food and chemical products being sold to the public. This increased government regulation of trade and commerve, so it gained more power.
It allows Congress to levy income taxes. This increases the federal power because it expands the budget and funding received.
Gitlow vs. New York
Gitlow was charged with violating the Espionage Act of 1917 by writing the Left Wig Manifesto. Supreme Court ruled that his manifesto acted in incitement and not philosophical so it went against law. However, it was concluded that States cannot deny rights included in the Bill of Rights and that the 14th Amendment is an extension of the Bill of Rights (selective incorporation).
Federal government performed progressive actions to deal with effects of the Great Depression. Increased federal power since more national actions were performed to affect all states.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Outlawed dicrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Gave more power to the Federal government because it ruled over the States and made it so that states had to follow the act.
Roe v. Wade
Supreme Court decided that a woman has the right of abortion, but that this right must balanced with State Legislation. State government gained more power on their decision on abortion.
Election of Ronald Raegan
The election of Raegan and dominance of Republican party in Congress. Natinal Government took a hands-off approach to government internvention into private and public affairs.
Americans with Disabilities Act
It prohibits discrimination based on disabiliites that people have. This increased federal power because the National Government ruled over the rights and laws passed by states.
Congress met with a majority of Republicans to discuss the Contrac with American document. This document was proposed in Regans address and an ultimate goal for Republicas. Because of their majority, the document passed many bill that limited government power (devolution) with tort and welfare reform.
United States v. Lopez
Supreme Court decided that Congress has power to regulate commerce but it does not extend to the regulation of handguns. Congress power was limited
Printz v. United States
Federal government issued that background checks must be made for individuals who wish to purchase weapons. Federal power increased because all States had to comply and give the background check on authorities and private purchases of weapons.
9/11 Terrorist Attack
Terrorist attack on the World Trade Center encouraged the US Federal government to consider it an attack of war. The creationg of Homeland Security led to increased power for the Federal government and more intervention into private affairs to prevent another attack.
No Child Left Behind
Congress created this act to set nationawide standards that each state must comply to meet education standards. The responsibility to meet these standards were put on the States, so more power was givent to the States in terms of education management.
Development of the Department of Homeland Security
Creation of Homeland Security allowed the Federal government to take preventive actions so that another attack, like 9/11 can be avoided. Federal gov gained power to regulate communications, like the internet.
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. US
Supreme Court ruled that private businesses must abide to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 becuase of the Commerce Clause. Federal Power gained power over private companies and gained power.