US Government Timeline - DW

  • Declaration of Independence

  • articles of confederation

    the original constitution
  • Constitution

    Constitution
    replaced articles of confederation as government
  • 10th amendment

    The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
  • 11th amendment

    The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
  • 8th amendment

    Excessive bail shall not be required
  • 1st amendments

    1st amendments
    Freedom of religion, speech, assembly, press, and petition
  • 2nd amendment

    The right to bear arms
  • 3rd amendment

    3rd amendment
    No quartering of soldiers
  • 4th amendment

    4th amendment
    Unreasonable searches and seizures are not permitted
  • 5th amendment

    addresses criminal procedure and other aspects of the Constitution
  • 6th amendment

    sets forth rights related to criminal prosecutions
  • 7th amendment

    This amendment codifies the right to a jury trial in certain civil cases and inhibits courts from overturning a jury's findings of fact
  • 9th amendment

    rights, retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution
  • Louisiana Purchase Treaty

    Louisiana Purchase Treaty
  • 12th amendment

    The Electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President,
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review in the United States, meaning that American courts have the power to strike down laws and statutes that they find to violate the Constitution of the United States.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that defined the scope of the U.S. Congress's legislative power and how it relates to the powers of American state legislatures.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. 1, was a landmark decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce, granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, encompassed the power to regulate navigation.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court in which the Court held that the United States Constitution was not meant to include American citizenship
  • Gettysburg address

    Gettysburg address
    Abe Lincoln
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    abolition of slavery
  • 14th amendment

    citizenship
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    voting rights
  • Civil Rights Cases

    The Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3, were a group of five landmark cases in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments did not empower Congress to outlaw racial discrimination by private individuals.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that racial segregation laws did not violate the U.S. Constitution as long as the facilities for each race were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".
  • 17th amendment

    17th amendment
    direct election of senators
  • 16th amendment

    federal income tax
  • 18th amendment

    established the prohibition of alcohol in the United States.
  • 19th amendment

    19th amendment
    women's rights
  • 20th amendment

    designed to remove the excessively long period of time a defeated president or member of Congress would continue to serve after his or her failed bid for reelection.
  • 21st amendment

    21st amendment
    delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
  • Korematsu v. United States

    Korematsu v. United States
    was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court to uphold the exclusion of Japanese Americans from the West Coast Military Area during World War II.
  • 22nd amendment

    term limits
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that U.S. state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools are unconstitutional, even if the segregated schools are otherwise equal in quality.
  • 23rd amendment

    23rd amendment
    extends the right to participate in presidential elections to the District of Columbia.
  • Mapp v. Ohio

    Mapp v. Ohio
    was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the exclusionary rule, which prevents prosecutors from using evidence in court that was obtained
  • Engel v. Vitale

    Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421, was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and encourage its recitation in public schools, due to violation of the First Amendment.
  • Gideon v. Wainwright

    was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision in which the Court ruled that the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution requires U.S. states to provide attorneys to criminal defendants who are unable to afford their own.
  • 24th amendment

    prohibiting any poll tax in elections for federal officials.
  • 25th amendment

    25th amendment
    to the United States Constitution says that if the President becomes unable to do his job, the Vice President becomes the President
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution restricts prosecutors from using a person's
  • Loving v. Virginia

    Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1, was a landmark civil rights decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that laws banning interracial marriage violate the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District

    Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, 393 U.S. 503, was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court that defined First Amendment rights of students in U.S. public schools.
  • 26th amendment

    The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
  • Roe v. Wade

    was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Constitution of the United States protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction.
  • Texas v. Johnson

    Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397, was a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court that invalidated prohibitions on desecrating the American flag, which at the time were enforced in 48 of the 50 states.
  • 27th amendment

    27th amendment
    No law varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
  • Planned Parenthood v. Casey

    Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833, was a landmark United States Supreme Court case regarding abortion.
  • Lawrence v. Texas

    was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that sanctions of criminal punishment for those who commit sodomy are unconstitutional.
  • Obergefell v. Hodges

    is a landmark civil rights case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the fundamental right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • Fulton v. City of Philadelphia

    Fulton v. City of Philadelphia was a United States Supreme Court case dealing with litigation over discrimination of local regulations based on the Free Exercise Clause and Establishment Clause of First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • Jones v. Mississippi

    Jones v. Mississippi, 593 U.S. ___, was a United States Supreme Court case regarding the imposition of life sentences for juveniles.
  • Americans for Prosperity Foundation v. Bonta

    Americans for Prosperity Foundation v. Bonta was a United States Supreme Court case dealing with the disclosure of donors to non-profit organizations. The case challenged California's requirement that requires non-profit organizations to disclose the identity of their donors in the state tax returns.
  • Cedar Point Nursery v. Hassid

    Cedar Point Nursery v. Hassid, 594 U.S. ___, was a United States Supreme Court case involving eminent domain and labor relations.
  • Torres v. Madrid

    Torres v. Madrid was a United States Supreme Court case based on what constitutes a "seizure" in the context of the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, in the immediate case, in the situation where law enforcement had attempted to use physical force to stop a suspect but failed to do so.
  • Edwards v. Vannoy

    Edwards v. Vannoy is a United States Supreme Court case involving the Court's prior decision in Ramos v. Louisiana, 590 U.S. ___, which had ruled that jury verdicts in criminal trials must be unanimous under the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.