US Government through the Civil War Timeline By Eshley Pinto, Kaileigh Wright, and Emily Velez

  • Ratification of the US Constitution

    US Constitution was ratified by the first 9 states that agreed to it. All 13 states ratified it, therefore the US constitution applies to all of them.
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    Democratic- Republican Party

    *opposed the American Constitution, but favored the Bill of Rights. * opposed a strong central government. *protected the interests of the working classes (farmers, merchants, and laborers). * believed that an argarian economy would best serve working class citizens.
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    Federalist Party

    Founded by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. While Federalist ideas have been lingering since 1787, it became a party in name in 1795.

    * advocates of a strong central government.
    * believed that the government's main purpose was to maintain order.
    * wanted to encourage and protect American industry.
    * in foreign affairs, they supported Britain and opposed the French, who were shaken up by the French Revolution
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    Whig Party

    * established in 1834 by politicians opposed to the executive tyranny of Andrew Jackson. * favored the restoration of the national bank. * against the annexation of Texas. * Whig presidents: William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore.
  • South Carolina secedes from the Union

    South Carolina secedes from the Union when Abraham Lincoln was nomintated as president. Seceded because they believed it was an unfair election.
  • Abraham Lincoln inagurated as president

    When Lincoln became president he said he had no intention to end slavery but he will not accept secession.
  • Confederate States adopt a constitution

    The seven seceded states created a Confederate Consitution with Jefferson Davis as president.
  • Civil War Begins

    War began at Fort Sumter. Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas secede from the Union in next few months.
  • Emancipation Proclamation takes effect

    Freed slaves in southern states that had rebelled. The emancipation Proclamation was like a punishment for the states in rebellion.
  • Lincoln Delivers Gettysburg Address

    The Gettysburg address was dedicated to all the fallen soldiers.
  • Lincoln defeats democrat George McClellan in the election of 1864

    Lincoln defeats McClellan with a 55% of a popular vote and is named as president for his second term.
  • Lincoln Inagurated for his 2nd term as president

    Abraham Lincoln was nominated as US president for his second term.
  • End of the Civil War

    The civil war ends when Lee surrenders at the appomattox courthouse.
  • Lincoln was assasinated

    Lincoln was assasinated by John Wilkes Boothe while watching a play.
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    Era of Jacksonian Democracy

    * 1920's and 1930's * dominant political figure: Andrew Jackson. * supporting of liberties only for white males. * women were rarely considered thinking people. * "guardians of economic opportunity" * opened millions of acres of Native American land to white settlement.