US 2012 - 1 Semester - Simchak

  • Socialism

    A movement called socialism spread throughout Europe. Socialism is an economic and political philosophy that favors public, instead of private, control of property and income.
  • Sewing Machine

    Elias Howe's created the first sewing machine.
  • Compromise of 1850

    California was admitted as a free state, but in the other territory acquired from Mexico, voters would decide the slavery issue for themselves.
  • Safety Elebator

    Elisha Otis develops a safety mechanism to prevent elevator car from suddenly falling.
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Divided the Nebraska Territory into Kansas and Nebraska.
  • Violence in Kansas

    Southern proslavery forces attacked the free-state town of Lawrence, Kansas.
  • Dred Scott

    Dred Scott an enslaved African American from MIssouri, sued for his freedom in 1846. Between 1834 and 1838 he lived with a master in Illinois, which is a free state, The Supreme Court said Scotts couldn't sue because African Americans were not citizens.
  • The American Institute of Architecture

    The American Institute of Architecture was established to professionalize the practice.
  • The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Abraham Lincoln who is a Republican, challenged Stephen Douglas who is a Democrat, to a series of debates.
  • First department store

    Rowland H. Macy opened what he called a department store in New York in 1858, it became the largest single store in America
  • First oil well

    In 1859, Edwin Drake drilled what became the world's first oil well in Titusville, Pennsylvania.
  • Charles Darwin

    Charles Darwin published, On the Originof Species, saying animals evolved by a process called, "Natural Selection."
  • The Election of 1860

    Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglas, John Bell, and John Breckinridge were the candidates for the next president.
  • South Carolina leaves Union

    Once Lincoln was elected, South Carolina dropped out of the Union.
  • Confederate States of America

    After South Carolina seceded from the Union, 6 other states also dropped the Union. All 7 states established, the Confederate States of America. The Confederate constitution stresses the independence of each state and the rights to secede
  • Lincoln takes office

    Lincoln was sworn in as President.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed 50,000 slaves. Whoever was in the rebellion againt the United States would be free.
  • The Union Prevails

    The Union succeeded in capurting Vicksburg, Mississippi. Advancing from Louisiana side of the Mississippi River, Union General, Ulysses S. Grant scored 5 victories in 3 weeks, ending with the surrender of 30,000 Confederate troops
  • The North faces problems

    Congress passes a draft law saying, all able-bodied men between 20-45 have to serve in the military. In New York City, white workers attacked free African Americans as well as wealthy New Yorkers who were able to pay a fee to avoid military service.
  • Battle of Gerrysburg

    Union troops defeated Lee at the town of Gettysburg.
  • War is over

    In Virginia town of Appomattox Court House, Lee Surrendered to Grant.
  • Lincoln was assassinated

    Lincoln gets assassinated at a play.
  • The 14th Amendement

    The 14th Amendment was ratified.
  • Knights of Labor

    Uriah Smith Stephens founded a Labor Union called Knights of Labor.
  • Corporations in America

    The number of corporations in America increased dramatically.
  • The election of 1876

    Samuel Tilden and Rutherford B. Hayes were running for the election, Hayes won.
  • Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell made the first telephone.
  • Baseball

    The National League organized it into a business.
  • First major strike

    Striking workers, responding to wage cuts, caused massive property desetruction in several cities.
  • Light Bulb

    Thomas Edison creates the electric light blub.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    This is act prohibited immigration by Chinese laborers, limited the civil rights of Chinese immigrants already in the United States, and forbade the naturalization of Chinese residents.
  • Roller coaster

    Lamarcus Thompson opened the world's first roller coaster, at 10 cents a ride.
  • Spread of the Knights

    By 1885, the Knights had grown to include 700,000 men and women nationwide, or every race and ethnicity.
  • American Federation of Labor

    Samuel Gompers formed the (AFL)
  • Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)

    United States Senate created the (ICC) to oversee railroad operations.
  • Streetcars

    In Richmond, Virginia introduced a revolutionary: streetcars powered by overhead electric cables.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    The Senate passed the Sherman Antitrust Act, which outlawed trusts.
  • Immigrants arriving

    European immigrants arrived in New York Harbor, they were processed at Ellis Island
  • First subway

    Boston made the first nations subway system, New York followed in 1904.
  • melting pot

    In which white people of all different nationalities blended to create a single culture, this did not include Asian immigrants.