Unit 7 Timeline

  • Morrill Act

    The act provided public land for higher education.
  • Period: to

    Timespan of Unit 7

  • National Labor Union

    The Union consisted of skilled, unskilled, and farmers. It lasted 6 years and had 600,000 members. The 1873 depression ruined the National Labor Union.
  • The "Bloody Shirt" Elects Grant

    Grant won the presidential election. The main reason that he won is because he waved his "bloody shirt." That meant that he constantly reminded voters of his military record, and that he led the North to a victory.
  • Transcontinetal RR Completed

    The transcontiental rail road was completed in 1869 near Ogden, Utah.
  • Women Right to Vote

    Wyoming Territory grants women the right to vote.
  • JIm Fisk and Jay Gould's Jubilee

    These two men came up with a scheme to corner the gold market. It was unsuccessful.
  • Standard Oil Company

    Organized by John D. Rockefeller. The company eventually sold 95% of all oil sold in the US.
  • Tweed scandal in New York

    Boss Tweed used bribes, graft, and rigged elections to mooch money and ensure contiunual power for himself and his buddies.
  • Credit Mobilier scandal

    Union Pacfic Railroad insiders formed the Credit Mobilier construction company and then hired themselves at inflated prices to build the railroad line. They gave stock to Congressmen in order to avoid getting busted. The newspaper finally exspoed the scandal.
  • Creation of Liberal Republican Party

    Reformers started the party because they were tired of the scandals, and they wanted to clean things up.
  • Painic of 1873

    It was started by overspending with borrowed money for railroads and factories. Two main reasons were over-spending and the banks gave crdit too easy. It was started when banks and busniess began to go bankrupt. Blacks were extremely hit when Freedman's Savings and Trust co. went bankrupt, losing $7 million in savings.
  • Whiskey Ring

    People stole whiskey tax mmoney from the government.
  • Invention of Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell invited the telephone.
  • Compromise of 1877

    The North got Hayes elected as President. The South got a pledge that Hayes would remove military occupation in tyhe South, and money would be spend on the Texas and Pacific Railroad.
  • Reconstruction Ends

  • Invention of Electic Light

    Thomas Edison invited the light bulb.
  • Garfield Becomes President

    James A. Garfield won the election.
  • Garfield is Assisanated; Arthur Becomes President

    Killed by CHarles J. Guiteau in September. Vice president becomes new president.
  • Knights of Labor

    IOt was stared as a secret program, but came open in 1881. It welcomed skilled, unskilled, women, and blacks. "Non producers" were banned.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Forbade the immigration of Chinese to America
  • Immigration-Restriction Laws

    The Chinese Exclusion Act was passed. It banned the immigation of Chinese. The was the first immigation law to specifically target and ban a specific ethnicity.
  • Pendleton Act

    It set up CIvil Service COmmission which awarded jobs based on performance rather than how much "pull" a person had.
  • Brooklyn Bridge

    New York's Brooklyn Bridge was completed.
  • Cleveland Defeats Blaine for Presidency

  • First Skyscraper

    Louis Sullivan built the first Skyscraper in Chicago. He used steel, concrete, and newly invinted elevators.
  • Haymarket Square Bombing

    The incident occured in Chicago. A bombing took place and a handful or bystanders were killed. The public placed blame on The Knights and unions. EIght anarchists were arrested. The effect of the Haymarket Square incident was a distrust in unions and a decline in their membership.
  • Wabash Case

    In the Wabash case the Supreme Court said that states cannot regulate interstate trade, and that only Congress could. So if any regulation had to be done US Congress would have to do it.
  • American Federation of Labor

    AF of L was started by Samuel Gompers. It was made up of small, independent unions that were tied together by their assocation with the AF of L. Gompers main goal was to get more. He wanted better wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions. The AF of L was made up of only skilled workers.
  • Statue of Liberty

    The statue was given to the United States by France. It was errected in the New York Harbor.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    The act outlawed rebates and pools. It also required rates to be openly published and banned charging low rates for the long haul and higher rates for the short haul.
  • Harrison Defeats Cleveland for Presidency

  • Reed Becomes SOH; "Billion Dollar Congress"; McKinley Tariff

    He ran House like a dictator. He got "Billion Dollar Congress" passed which caused the US to dole out that much money for the first time. Pensions were given to veterans, and more silver was purchased. He aslo created the McKinley Tariff that hiked rates to roughly 48%.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    The act was enacted in attempt to outlaw trusts or monopolies. The law forbade combinations such as pools or cartels, interlocking directorates, and holding companies. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was not effective because it lacked real teeth in enforcement
  • Invention of Basketball

    Basketball was invited.
  • Homestead Steel Strike

  • Depression of 1893

    The first reccession or depression in the industrial age. Nearly 8,000 businesses went out of business in six months. Cleveland now had a budget deficit. The nation's gold supply was getting dangerously low.
  • Wilson-Gorman Tariff

    It barely chnages the McKinley Tariff. Itcontained an income-tax provision that was decalred unconsitutional in 1895.
  • J.P. Morgan's Banking Syndicate

    Loaned $65 million in gold to the federal government.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson stated that "separate but equal" facilities for the races were legal. Segregation was "okayed" federally when the Supreme Court passed this.
  • Utah

    Utah is admitted into the Union.
  • Dingley Tariff Act

    Raised tariff rates to 46.5% because Wilson-Gorman wasn't bringing in enough money.
  • Gold Standard Act

    The act said that people could trad in paper money for gold.
  • Steel Corporation

    The United States Steel Corporation was formed.