Unit 5: Between the Wars

By bkirk1
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    Frances Willard

    Willard was a womans suferagist and helped develop the 18th and 19th amendments. She was for prohibition and supported women. She made the phrase "do everything" which is similiar to Nike's "Just Do It".And she did everything. She was involved in tons of things from the eight hour work day and supporting unions, to increased anti rape laws, to free education, and everything in between. She got a lot done in her life.
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    Clarence Darrow

    Darrow was the lawyer that defended John T Scopes in the Scopes Monkey Trial. The Scoped Trial debated whether or not they could teach the theory of evolution. Scopes was found guilty in this trial.
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    William Jennings Bryan

    He was nominated for President 3 times. He was also the lawyer that apposed Darrow in the Scopes Trial. He won, saying that John T Scopes was guilty of teaching about evolution in public schools.
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    Henry Ford

    Henry Ford founded the assembly line technique of manufacturing and created Ford Automotive. If it werent for him, we wouldnt have the assembly line and it would take a lot longer to make products. He created the first automobile that the working class could afford. He is why we can all have cars today.
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    Franklin D Roosevelt (FDR)

    FDR was a democratic president that served from 1933 to 1945. He helped the US economy by setting the New Deal. This helped with the Great Depression. He was also president suring World War II and set in place the Lend-Lease aid to Britain and China.
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    Eleanor Roosevelt

    Her husbands cousin, she was the first lady of the United States through the Great Depression and World War II. She was the reason that her husband kept in politics after he lost his legs. Her husband had many affairs on her. She made a lot of public appearances in her husbands place. She did a lot of stuff for the US during her husbands presidency.
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    Tin Pan Alley

    Tin Pan Alley is a bunch of songwriters from New York that made most of the music in this time phrame. The name came from when you hit a bunch of notes on a piano and it sounds like tin pans. They led the way fro music today.
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    Marcus Garvey

    Garvey wanted to unite Africans and send them back to Africa. He had some sort of black nationalism and inspired people to go back to Africa. He believed that Africans always got the short end of the stick in places other than Africa and wanted Africans to create themselves into something better in their own country. He wanted to empower Africans with a sense of African pride and have them create better lives. He pretty much wanted to conquer Africa. He even nominated himself as president.
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    Dorothea Lange

    She took a lot of Depression era photos for the Farm Security Adminitration. She was a photojournalist/ documentory photographer. She set a lot of examples for photojournaalists today. She showed the human condition of the depression.
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    Langston Hughes

    Hughes was a famous American poet. Though he was infamous for his jazz poetry, he is best known for his leadership in the Harlem Renaissance. He was a writer featured in The Crisis, which was a magazine written during the Harlem Renaissance.
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    Charles A. Lindbergh

    He was famous for flying nonstop from New York to Paris. This was the first transatlantic flight. They named the plane he flew the Spirit of St. Louis. He had a passion for aviation. His son was kidnapped and murdered when he was a baby, forcing the rest of his family to flee the country to be safe.
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    Jazz Music

    African Americans created jazz music in New Orleans. There are many different types of jazz music now and people still enjoy it. It was developed even moere during the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    Congress established the Federal Reserve System (the US dollar) and Federal Reserve Bank notes. This act was signed by Woodrow Wilson. This was built so that we had a stable financial system.
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    The Great Migration

    Over 6 million Afrian Americans migrated North due to social conflict. Segregation and not being able to get jobs or have money forced all of these black people up North into cities like Chicago or New York.
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    1st Red Scare

    This was the fear of anarchism and communism in the United States. They were scared during the Russian Revolution and World War 1. Then anarch groups started to form. They thought they would be suppressed as a nation. This all ended on May Day
  • Warren G Harding's "Return to Normalcy"

    Warren G Harding's "Return to Normalcy"
    Suring the election of 1920, Hardings presidential campaign called the "Return to Narmalcy" promised to give America the mentality that they had before the first World War. He wanted to restore America to the country it was before they fought in World War 1. This helped him to gain 60% of the votes for president.
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    This is the nationwide ban on alcoholic drinks. Alcohol was fine until they started drinking stuff that made them drunker faster. Men were spending all of their families money at bars and coming home to beat their wives or their children. Men couldnt handle lcohol and they used it exessively so we had to take it away from them.
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    Tea Pot Dome Scandal

    This was a bribary scandal involving the US Navy and oil. They leased the oil at low rates. A guy was fired for bribing somebody, it was the first time that it had ever happened.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

    Scopes Monkey Trial
    A Trial against John T Scopes for the teachings of evolution in schools. This was againt many peoples religions so it was a pretty big deal. This trial drew attention to the city of Dayton, and to the lawyers arguing the case.
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    Harlem Renaissance

    African Americans found Harlem as a good home to showcase their talents. Many African American talents have come from the Harlem Renaissnce from poetry, to art, etc. Though, it didnt do much to lessen the Jim Crow laws.
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    The Great Depression

    The Great Depression was a very long period of economic depression starting with the stock market crash on Wall Street. People lost millions of dollars and the stock market lost many investors. Companies had to lay off workers which rose the unemployment rate tremendously. The Great Depression didnt really fully stop until After World War II when we had the best economy.
  • Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"

    Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"
    Everyone was putting their money into the stock market. They were putting millions of dollars in. On this day, the stock market crashed, billions of dollars were lost, and many investors were lost. After this crash, America went downhill and eventually had the Great Depression.
  • The 20th Amendment

    This amendment sets when the President and Vice President end terms. And all the other government office jobs. It also makes plans for if the president dies.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FCIC)

    The FCIC is a government owned corporation that offers deposit insurance to US banks. After the Great Depression, many people lost trust in banks. This was created for people to trust banks with their money because they knew that they would get a certain amount back if they lost their company.
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    The New Deal

    This was when a bunch of domestic programs were brought to the united states. It was put in place during the Great Depression to help the economy and help Americans start working again.
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    Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

    Since Tennessee was effected greatly by the Great Depression, they decided to implement this organization by congress. It provided flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development.
  • The 21st Amendment

    Repealed the 18th Amendment, stopping Prohibition. This is the only amendment that repeals another amendment. We didnt even know that this could happen before we did it.
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    The Dust Bowl

    The Great Plains region of America went through a big drought during the Great Depression. It created storms of dust where people dies because they couldnt breathe. They could barely go out of their homes. They constantly were sweeping dust from their houses. A lot of the cattle and other farm animals died because they choked on the dust. This was hell on earth.
  • Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC)

    This is a government commission that protects investors. It protects the public against fraud. Most things through mail and through internet have to go through the SEC in order for the public to be protected against fraud or manipulative behavior in companies.
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    Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism is where people dont think they need to care for people who are unable to care for themselves. This means we didnt think we needed to provide medicare or welfare for people. They werent wrong. Many people take advantage of these government systems.
  • Social Security Administration (SSA)

    Social Security Administration (SSA)
    This is another government agency. This one gives out your social security and gives you insurance for retirement, disability, and survivors benefits. People have to pay a certain tax to be able to get these benefits, and the benefits that they get are based on what they give. This was a New Deal agecy during the Great Depression.