U.S History

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    American Civil War (1861-1865)

  • • Homestead Act (1862)

    •	Homestead Act (1862)
    were several laws in the United States
  • • 13th Amendment (1865)

    •	13th Amendment (1865)
    abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
  • 14th Amendment (1865)

    14th Amendment (1865)
    was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments
  • Period: to

    Reconstruction (1865-1877)

  • 15th Amendment (1870)

    15th Amendment (1870)
    prohibits the federal government and each state from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  • • Telephone Invented (1876)

    •	Telephone Invented (1876)
    telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
  • • Jim Crow Laws Start in South (1877)

    •	Jim Crow Laws Start in South (1877)
    state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
  • • Dawes Act (1887)

    •	Dawes Act (1887)
    subdivide Native American tribal communal landholdings into allotments for Native American
  • Light Bulb Invented (1878)

    Light Bulb Invented (1878)
    Thomas Edison began serious research into developing a practical incandescent lamp
  • pendleton act (1883)

    pendleton act (1883)
    Federal Government jobs be awarded on the basis of merit and that Government employees be selected through competitive exams
  • • Chicago’s Hull House (1889)

  • • How the Other Half Lives (1890)

  • • Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890)

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    Imperialism (1890- 1914)

  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)
    was the first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit trusts.
  • Pullman Labor Strike (1894)

    Pullman Labor Strike (1894)
    The Pullman Strike was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States that lasted from May 11 to July 20, 1894, and a turning point for US labor law
  • • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

    •	Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
    a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".
  • Klondike Gold Rush (1890)

    Klondike Gold Rush (1890)
    was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon, in north-western Canada, between 1896 and 1899.
  • • Annexation of Hawaii (1897)

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    Progressive Era (1890- 1920)

  • • Spanish American War (1898)

    •	Spanish American War (1898)
    was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898.
  • • Open Door Policy (1899)

  • • Assassination of President McKinley (1901)

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    Theodore Roosevelt (1901- 1909)

  • • Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins (1904)

  • • The Jungle

    •	The Jungle
    The novel portrays the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities.
  • • Pure Food and Drug Act

    •	Pure Food and Drug Act
    prohibited the sale of misbranded or adulterated food and drugs.
  • • Model-T (1908)

    •	Model-T (1908)
    The Model T is Ford's universal car that put the world on wheels.
  • • NAACP (1909)

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    William Howard Taft (1909- 1913)

  • • 16th Amendment (1913)

  • • Federal Reserve Act (1913)

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    Woodrow Wilson (1913- 1921)

  • • 17th Amendment (1914)

  • • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (1914)

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    World War I (1914- 1918)

  • • Sinking of the Lusitania (1915)

    •	Sinking of the Lusitania (1915)
    First World War, as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom which had implemented a naval blockade of German.
  • • National Parks System (1916)

  • • Zimmerman Telegram (1917)

    •	Zimmerman Telegram (1917)
    The Zimmermann Telegram was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico.
  • • Russian Revolution (1917)

    •	Russian Revolution (1917)
    The Russian Revolution was a period of political and social revolution across the territory of the Russian Empire, commencing with the abolition of the monarchy
  • • U.S. entry into WWI (1917)

    •	U.S. entry into WWI (1917)
    President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against Germany
  • • Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1918)

  • • Battle of Argonne Forest (1918)

    •	Battle of Argonne Forest (1918)
    The Meuse–Argonne offensive was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front.
  • • Armistice (1918)

  • • Treaty of Versailles (1919)

  • • 18th Amendment (1920)

  • • 19th Amendment (1920)

  • • President Harding’s Return to Normalcy (1920)

    •	President Harding’s Return to Normalcy (1920)
    referring to a return to the way of life before World War I
  • • Harlem Renaissance (1920)

    •	Harlem Renaissance (1920)
    The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion centered in Harlem, Manhattan, New York City, spanning the 1920s.
  • • Red Scare (1920)

    •	Red Scare (1920)
    A Red Scare is the promotion of a widespread fear of a potential rise of communism or anarchism by a society or state.
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties (1920-1929)

  • • Teapot Dome Scandal (1921)

    •	Teapot Dome Scandal (1921)
    The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery scandal involving the administration of United States President Warren G. Harding.
  • • Joseph Stalin Leads USSR (1924)

  • • Scopes “Monkey” Trial (1925)

  • • Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight (1927)

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

  • • St. Valentine’s Day Massacre (1929)

  • • Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday” (1929)

  • • Hoovervilles (1930)

    •	Hoovervilles (1930)
    A "Hooverville" was a shanty town built during the Great Depression by the homeless in the United States.
  • • Smoot-Hawley Tariff (1930)

    •	Smoot-Hawley Tariff (1930)
    Hawley–Smoot Tariff, was a law that implemented protectionist trade policies in the United States.
  • • 100, 000 Banks Have Failed (1932)

    •	100, 000 Banks Have Failed (1932)
    The Financial crisis led to many bank failures in the United State
  • • Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA) (1933)

    •	Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA) (1933)
    The Agricultural Adjustment Act was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses.
  • • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (1933)

    •	Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (1933)
    regulates and insures credit unions.
  • • Public Works Administration (PWA) (1933)

    •	Public Works Administration (PWA) (1933)
    part of the New Deal of 1933, was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes.
  • Period: to

    Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933- 1945)

  • Period: to

    New Deal Programs (1933-1938)

  • • Dust Bowl (1935)

    •	Dust Bowl (1935)
    the Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s.
  • • Social Security Administration (SSA) (1935)

  • • GI Bill (1944)

    •	GI Bill (1944)
    provided veterans of the Second World War funds for college education, unemployment insurance, and housing.
  • • United Nations (UN) Formed (1945)

    •	United Nations (UN) Formed (1945)
    organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
  • • Germany Divided (1945)

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    Baby Boom (1946- 1964)

  • • Truman Doctrine (1947)

    •	Truman Doctrine (1947)
    the Truman Doctrine implied American support for other nations thought to be threatened by Soviet communism.
  • • 22nd Amendment (1947)

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    The Cold War (1947- 1991)

  • • Marshall Plan (1948)

    •	Marshall Plan (1948)
    a U.S. program providing aid to Western Europe following the devastation of World War II.
  • • Berlin Airlift (1948)

    •	Berlin Airlift (1948)
    The Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War.
  • • Arab-Israeli War Begins (1948)

  • • NATO Formed (1949)

    •	NATO Formed (1949)
    provide collective security against the Soviet Union.
  • • Kim Il-sung invades South Korea (1950)

  • • UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China (1950)

  • • Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War (1950)

  • Period: to

    Korean War (1950- 1953)

  • Period: to

    1950s Prosperity (1950-1959)

  • • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution (1953)

  • • Armistice Signed (1953)

    •	Armistice Signed (1953)
    was designed to "ensure a complete cessation of hostilities and of all acts of armed force in Korea
  • Period: to

    Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953- 1961)

  • • Vietnam Independence but Country Split at 17th Parallel (1954)

  • • Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in North Vietnam (1954)

  • • Warsaw Pact Formed (1955)

    •	Warsaw Pact Formed (1955)
    motivated by Soviet desires to maintain control over military forces in Central and Eastern Europe.
  • • Polio Vaccine created by Jonas Salk (1955)

    •	Polio Vaccine created by Jonas Salk (1955)
    was the first vaccine for the disease
  • • Rosa Parks Arrested (1955)

    •	Rosa Parks Arrested (1955)
    a political and a social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. It was a seminal event in the civil rights movement in the United States.
  • • Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)

    •	Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
    a political and a social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. It was a seminal event in the civil rights movement in the United States.
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • • Interstate Highway Act (1956)

    •	Interstate Highway Act (1956)
    The law authorized the construction of a 41,000-mile network of interstate highways that would span the nation.
  • • Elvis Presley First Hit Song (1956)

  • • Sputnik I (1957)

    •	Sputnik I (1957)
    The world's first artificial satellite
  • • Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV (1957)

    •	Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV (1957)
    is an American television situation comedy
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1957 (1957)

    •	Civil Rights Act of 1957 (1957)
    the first federal civil rights legislation passed by the United States Congress since the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
  • • Little Rock Nine (1957)

    •	Little Rock Nine (1957)
    a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957.
  • • Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate (1960)

  • • Chicano Mural Movement Begins (1960)

  • • Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)

    •	Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed landing operation on the southwestern coast of Cuba in 1961 by Cuban exiles who opposed Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution.
  • • Peace Corps Formed (1961)

    •	Peace Corps Formed (1961)
    an independent agency and volunteer program run by the United States Government providing international social and economic development assistance.
  • • Affirmative Action (1961)

  • Period: to

    John F. Kennedy

  • Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)

    Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
    was a 1 month, 4 day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union
  • • Sam Walton Opens First Walmart (1962)

  • Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas

    Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas
    the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.
  • • George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance (1963)

    •	George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance (1963)
    a symbolic attempt to keep his inaugural promise of "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever" and stop the desegregation of schools, stood at the door of the auditorium as if to block the entry of two African American students
  • • The Feminine Mystique (1963

  • • March on Washington (1963)

  • Period: to

    Lyndon B. Johnson

  • • The Great Society (1964)

    •	The Great Society (1964)
    was an ambitious series of policy initiatives, legislation and programs spearheaded by President Lyndon B. Johnson
  • • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)

    •	Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
    was a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1964 (1964)

    •	Civil Rights Act of 1964 (1964)
    a landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, and later sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • • 24th Amendment (1964)

  • • Israeli-Palestine Conflict Begins (1964)

  • • Voting Rights Act of 1965 (1965)

    •	Voting Rights Act of 1965 (1965)
    a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting
  • • Malcom X Assassinated (1965)

  • • United Farm Worker’s California Delano Grape Strike (1965

  • • Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court (1967)

    •	Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court (1967)
    the Senate confirmed Thurgood Marshall as the first African-American to serve as a Supreme Court Justice.
  • • Six Day War (1967)

    •	Six Day War (1967)
    was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 between Israel and Jordan, Syria, and Egypt.
  • • Tet Offensive (1968)

    •	Tet Offensive (1968)
    was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam.
  • • My Lai Massacre (1968)

    •	My Lai Massacre (1968)
    was the Vietnam War mass murder of unarmed South Vietnamese civilians by U.S. troops in Sơn Tịnh District, South Vietnam
  • • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated (1968

  • • Vietnamization (1969)

    •	Vietnamization (1969)
    was a policy of the Richard Nixon administration to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War through a program to "expand, equip, and train South Vietnamese forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops".
  • • Woodstock Music Festival (1969)

    •	Woodstock Music Festival (1969)
    was a music festival held August 15–18, 1969, on Max Yasgur's dairy farm in Bethel, New York, 40 miles southwest of Woodstock.
  • • Draft Lottery (1969)

  • • Manson Family Murders (1969)

  • • Apollo 11 (1969)

  • Period: to

    Richard Nixon (1969- 1974)

  • • Invasion of Cambodia (1970)

    •	Invasion of Cambodia (1970)
    was a brief series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia, which was officially a neutral country, in 1970 by South Vietnam and the United States as an extension of the Vietnam War and the Cambodian Civil War.
  • • Kent State Shootings (1970)

    •	Kent State Shootings (1970)
    were the killings of four and wounding of nine other unarmed Kent State University students by the Ohio National Guard
  • • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1970)

    •	Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1970)
    an independent executive agency of the United States federal government tasked with environmental protection matters.
  • • Pentagon Papers (1971)

    •	Pentagon Papers (1971)
    is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in Vietnam
  • • 26th Amendment (1971)

  • • Policy of Détente Begins (1971)

    •	Policy of Détente Begins (1971)
    an effort to avoid nuclear escalation
  • Period: to

    Jimmy Carter (1971-1981)

  • • Title IX (1972)

    •	Title IX (1972)
    a federal civil rights law in the United States of America that was passed as part of the Education Amendments of 1972.
  • • Nixon Visits Communist China (1972)

  • Watergate Scandal

    Watergate Scandal
    was a major political scandal in the United States involving the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon
  • • War Powers Resolution (1973)

    •	War Powers Resolution (1973)
    is a federal law intended to check the U.S. president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress.
  • • Roe v. Wade (1973)

    •	Roe v. Wade (1973)
    was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Constitution of the United States protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction.
  • • Engaged Species Act (1973)

    •	Engaged Species Act (1973)
    the primary law in the United States for protecting imperiled species.
  • • OPEC Oil Embargo (1973)

  • • First Cell-Phones (1973)

    •	First Cell-Phones (1973)
    he first cell phone was invented in 1973 by Motorola.
  • • United States v. Nixon (1974)

  • • Ford Pardons Nixon (1974)

  • Period: to

    Gerald Ford (1974-1977)

  • • Fall of Saigon (1975)

    •	Fall of Saigon (1975)
    was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong
  • • Bill Gates Starts Microsoft (1975)

    •	Bill Gates Starts Microsoft (1975)
    Microsoft was founded on April 4, 1975, by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
  • • National Rifle Associate (NRA) Lobbying Begins (1975)

  • • Steve Jobs Starts Apple (1976)

  • • Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (1977)

  • • Camp David Accords (1978)

    •	Camp David Accords (1978)
    were a pair of political agreements signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem
  • Period: to

    Iran Hostage Crisis (1979-1981)

  • • Conservative Resurgence (1981)

    •	Conservative Resurgence (1981)
    experienced an intense struggle for control of the organization. Its initiators called it the conservative resurgence while its detractors labeled it the fundamentalist takeover.
  • “Trickle Down Economics”

    “Trickle Down Economics”
    is the economic proposition that taxes on businesses and the wealthy in society should be reduced as a means to stimulate business investment in the short term and benefit society at large in the long term.
  • • War on Drugs (1981)

  • • AIDS Epidemic (1981)

  • • Sandra Day O’Connor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court (1981)

  • Period: to

    Ronald Reagan (1981- 1989)

  • • Marines in Lebanon (1983)

    •	Marines in Lebanon (1983)
    two truck bombs struck buildings in Beirut, Lebanon, housing American and French service members of the Multinational Force in Lebanon, a military peacekeeping operation during the Lebanese Civil War.
  • • Iran-Contra Affair (1985)

  • • The Oprah Winfrey Show First Airs (1986)

  • • “Mr. Gorbachev, Tear Down This Wall!” (1987)

  • • End of Cold War (1989)

    •	End of Cold War (1989)
    was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, after World War II.
  • • Berlin Wall Falls (1989)

    •	Berlin Wall Falls (1989)
    was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and the start of the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe.
  • Period: to

    George H. W. Bush (1989- 1993)

  • • Germany Reunification (1990)

    •	Germany Reunification (1990)
    was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany.
  • • Iraq Invades Kuwait (1990)

    •	Iraq Invades Kuwait (1990)
    refers to a two-day-long operation conducted by Iraq starting on 2 August 1990, whereby it invaded the neighbouring State of Kuwait, consequently resulting in a seven-month-long Iraqi military occupation of the country.
  • • Soviet Union Collapses (1991)

    •	Soviet Union Collapses (1991)
    was the process of internal disintegration within the Soviet Union
  • • Operation Desert Storm (1991)

  • Rodney King

    Rodney King
    Rodney Glen King was an American activist.
  • Period: to

    Bill Clinton (1993-2001)

  • • NAFTA Founded (1994)

  • • Contract with America (1994)

    •	Contract with America (1994)
    The Contract with America was a legislative agenda advocated for by the Republican Party
  • • O.J. Simpson’s “Trial of the Century” (1995)

    •	O.J. Simpson’s “Trial of the Century” (1995)
    was tried for the murders of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald "Ron" Goldman
  • • Bill Clinton’s Impeachment (1998)

    •	Bill Clinton’s Impeachment (1998)
    the 42nd president of the United States, was impeached by the United States House of Representatives of the 105th United States Congress on December 19, 1998 for "high crimes and misdemeanors"
  • • USA Patriot Act (2001)

    •	USA Patriot Act (2001)
    a backronym for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism.
  • • 9/11 (September 11, 2001)

    •	9/11 (September 11, 2001)
    a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Wahhabi terrorist group Al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001
  • • War on Terror (2001)

    •	War on Terror (2001)
    an ongoing international military campaign launched by the United States government
  • Period: to

    • TIMESPAN: George W. Bush (2001- 2009)

  • Period: to

    War in Afghanistan (2001-2018)

  • • NASA Mars Rover Mission Begins (2003)

  • Period: to

    Iraq War (2003-2009)

  • • Facebook Launched (2004)

    •	Facebook Launched (2004)
    It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg, along with his fellow roommates and students at Harvard College
  • • Hurricane Katrina (2005)

    •	Hurricane Katrina (2005)
    was a large Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that caused over 1,800 deaths and $125 billion in damage in August 2005
  • Marquis Birthday

  • • Saddam Hussein Executed (2006)

    •	Saddam Hussein Executed (2006)
    Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death by hanging, after being convicted of crimes against humanity by the Iraqi
  • • Iphone Released (2007)

  • • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (2009)

    •	American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (2009)
    was a stimulus package enacted by the 111th U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama in February 2009.
  • • Hilary Clinton Appointed U.S. Secretary of State (2009)

  • • Sonia Sotomayor Appointed to U.S. Supreme Court (2009)

  • Period: to

    Barack Obama (2009- 2017)

  • • Arab Spring (2010)

    •	Arab Spring (2010)
    was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab world in the early 2010s.
  • • Osama Bin Laden Killed (2011)

  • • Space X Falcon 9 (2015)

  • • Donald Trump Elected President (2017)