U.S History: 1887-2008

Timeline created by Gabriel.Holt
In History
  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence signed

  • Constitution written

  • 4th Amendment

    citizenship & due process
  • Bill of Rights ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west
  • 13th Amendment

    abolished slavery
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • 15th Amendment

    voting for all male citizens
  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

    1.Rockefeller/Carnegie (Captains of Industry vs. Robber Barons)
    2.Philanthropy-Good work in all
    3.Monopoly-exclusive control of an item
    4.Jane Addams-American activist
    5.Laissez-Faire-a policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Dawes Act

    gave individual ownership of land to native americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    outlawed business monopolies
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness
  • Period: to

    The Progressive era

  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    legalized segregation, established “separate but equal”
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

    1.Theodore Roosevelt- president of the US
    2.Rough Riders- famous units under Roosevelt's command fighting in cuba
    3.Foreign Policy- a governments strategy in dealing with other nations
    4.Immigration Quotas- limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the United States through a national origins quota
    5.Yellow Journalism- journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • Panama Canal Built

  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • Pure Food and Drug Act (1906):

    regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • NAACP Founded

  • 16th Amendment

    established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    direct election of U.S. Senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Panama Canal Built

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

  • Period: to

    World War 1

    1.Alvin York- soldier in WW1 that received a medal of honor for his bravery
    2.Homefront- people who stay in a country while the soldiers are fighting a war.
    3.M.A.I.N. (Causes of WWI)- militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism.
    4.Sussex Pledge- promise made the German soldiers to not attack US ships.
    5.American Expeditionary Forces-American troops serving in Europe.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points

    statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • Treaty of Versailles

    peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

    1.Social Darwinism- law of natural selection
    2.The Red Scare- wide spread fear of communist invasion
    3.Assembly Line- a series of workers and machines in a factory by which a succession of identical items is progressively assembled.
    4.Return to Normalcy- return to the way of life before World War I and the Spanish flu pandemic
    5.Harlem Renaissance- intellectual revival of African American art and literature centered in Harlem, Manhattan,
  • 19th Amendment

    women are given the right to vote
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    : granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    1.Hoovervilles- a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early
    2.The New Deal- series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulation
    3.Causes of the Great Depression (5)- Overproduction, executive inaction, ill-timed tariffs, and inexperienced Federal Reserve
    4.Court Packing- practice of changing the number or composition of judges on a court to be favorable
    5.Eleanor Roosevelt-was an American political figure, diplomat and activist
  • Dust Bowl

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 21st Amendment

    repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends
  • 20th Amendment

    adjusted the dates of the presidential terms
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) established

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Social Security Act (1935):

    established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families
  • Dust Bowl

  • Adolf Hitler invades Poland, starting WWII

  • Period: to

    World War II

    1.Island Hopping- capturing islands to use for airstrips
    2.Liberation of Concentration Camps- places where Germans had people who they captured
    3.Dwight Eisenhower- 34th president of US
    4.Douglas MacArthur- General of army
    5.Chester W. Nimitz- fleet admiral of the United States Navy
    6.Navajo Code Talkers- person with secret comms
    7.Tuskegee Airmen- african-American military pilots
    8.Flying Tigers- American Volunteer Group
    9.The Manhattan Project-nuclear weapons
    10.Rosie the Riveter-Women worker
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9066

    incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WWII
  • “D-Day” - Invasion of Normandy

  • G.I. Bill

    gives military veterans financial and educational benefits
  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

    1.Containment-prevent the spread of communism
    2.Arms Race/Space Race- race for nuclear weapons
    3.The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics- Russia or soviet union
    4.Communism- political and economic system that seeks to create a classless society
    5.Domino Theory- the theory that a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries
  • The atomic bomb, “Little Boy” is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan

  • The atomic bomb, “Fat Man” is dropped in Nagasaki, Japan, ending World War II

  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • 22nd Amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO established

  • Korean War

  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Rosenbergs trial

  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Korean War

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Interstate Highway Act

    authorized the building of a national highway system
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Period: to

    1900s-21st Century