Travel and tourism development of the past 50years

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    Product Development

    Holiday camps were at their peak, catering for about 60 per cent of the holiday market until 1970 they went into decline as the demand for package holidays abroad grew. However, in the present day people prefer to go to holiday camps due to holidays abroad being too expensive.
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    Package Holidays

    The first package deal was in 1949 by Vladimir Raitz who organised 32 passengers to go to Corsica on a DC3 aeroplane.
    Currency restrictions were lifted in the 1970s as tourists were only allowed to take £50 in sterling out of the country. However, today the world is more flexible with package holidays as they are more popular.
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    Technological development

    A demand for travel grew from the 1950's onwards as resevervation departments were introduced which were linked to travel agents so you could book your holiday in their offices. Self check-ins were also introduced where passengers can check themselves in and leaver their hold baggage at a 'fast bag drop'. There is also an on-line check in where you can check in at home to reduce queues at check-in desks at the airport.
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    Transport Development - Air

    The boeing 727 has been one of the most succeful series of passenger jetliners of the past 50 years.
    In 1969 Boeing produced the 747 jumbo jet which allowed long-haul destinations more accesible as it became possible to fly further in less time. It also increased capacity on the jet led to a decrease in the price per seat, bringing the price of holidays down.
    In 1979 British Airways started the first supersonic airline service, Concorde. However, it ceased flying in 2003.
  • Development of Tourism Act

    An Act to provide for the establishment of a British Tourist Authority and Tourist Boards for England, Scotland and Wales. The act's aims were to co-ordinate all the organisations that make up the tourism sector and provide it with a single voice.
  • Transport Act

    Transport Act
    An Act that ended licensing regulations affected express coach routes and tours of over 30 miles.
  • Transport Act

    Transport Act
    This Act brought about wholesale deregulation which meant private companies could operate on any route such as British Coachways.
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    The European Union (EU)

    Deregulation of air travel in Europe led to the development of low-cost airlines. The European Union started the liberalisation process in 1987, when cost-related fares and certain types of discount fares were first allowed. The final stage of deregulation came in 1993.
    Deregulation meant that EU airlines could establish themselves in any EU member state and obtain an operating licence.
  • Package Tours Regulations

    Since 1992 all UK tour operators offering package holidays have been subject to the Package Travel Regulations which set out the tour operators responsibilities to their customers. These regulations were set out tour operators (and other travel organisers') responsibilities, and what consumers can do if they have a problem.
  • Channel Tunnel

    Channel Tunnel
    The channel tunnel is between France and England to encourage continental neighbours to visit the UK without travelling by flight. Work began in 1987 and its final cost exceeded £10 billion with ten major British and French construction companies were involved in the building of the tunnel, known as the 'TransManche Link'.
  • easyJet

    In 1995, easyJet launched a low-cost airline offering two routes from Luton to Glasglow and Edinburg.
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    Air Passenger duty

    In the early 1996, it was reduced on economy flights but it has continued to rise in 2006 and 2010 and further increases are to be made april this year causing controversy in the industry.
  • Tourism Strategy

    A growth industry for the new millenium, to encourage holidays to traditional seaside resorts by offering cheap holiday packages at holiday resorts such as Haven.
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    Low-cost Airlines

    In 2004, the EU grew to 25 states and grew again in 2007 when Romania and Bulgaria joined the EU to become 27 states.
    Low-cost airlines have encouraged people to travel more and gained new travellers when people who were not used to travelling abroad were attracted by the low prices. Many of the low-cost airlines operate from regional airports, so travel is even more convenient.
  • Super Planes

    Super Planes
    Singapore Airlines was the first airline to fly the Airbus A380 on a inaugural flight to Sydney.
    Although the plane can seat between 555 and 800 passengers it has its disadvantages as airports which accept the aircraft have to make changes to infrastructure in order to accommodate the large plane and the large numbers of passengers boarding and disembarking. Some airports are reluctant to make changes until major American airlines have committed themselves to these huge aircraft.
  • 7E7 Dreamliner

    7E7 Dreamliner
    This aircraft has lower operating costs and fuel consumption than the current Boeing 767 and a greater flight range so it is a popular choice for airline fleets. The first commericial service it entered was 26th October 2011.
  • Destination Development

    The world has now realised the economic benefits that tourism brings and so several destinations are now developing their facilities to attract more tourists overseas.