Top10 events led to Sectionalism & The Civil War

  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was a problem where the people didn't know if Missouri should enter as a slave state or a free state. Southerners wanted to add Missouri as a slave state so they could have more power in the senate. Notherners wanted Missouri added as a free state so there wasn't more slave states than free states. The resolution ended up being adding Missouri as a slave state. Massachusetts is then broken up to form the state of Maine which enters as a free state.
  • the Mexican War

    the Mexican War
    The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War, the U.S.–Mexican War or the Invasion of Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States from 1846 to 1848.
    It brought up the ugly issue of slavery in congress with the aquisition of new land, the war helped train officers and was a practice field for Civil War tactics.
  • Popular Sovereignty

    Popular Sovereignty
    Popular Sovereignty was the idea that residents of States and terrirotries could determine whether their land would be Free or Slave.
    It was a major issues in Kansas, where pro-slavery Missourians would hop the border and vote in elections and other events to skew the voting. It was thought to be an aid, although it actually hindered the Union and increased confrontation between the two adversaries.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Developed in responce to keeping the balance of free and slave states, its main points were the continuation of fugative slave codes, popular sovereignty in new states and terrirories, as well as adding California as a free state. Also, the Compromise strengthened laws enforcing run away slaves to be returned to their owners.
    It was only a temporary fix, but issues were flaring up more violently than ever, expecially once opposing forces clashed in Kansas.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Uncle Tom's Cabin is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852.
    It was very controversial in the South because it portrayed slavery as something brutal and cruel.
    It contributed to the beginning of the Civil War. Because it angered the Southerners by showing them how badly the Northerners viewed them and deepen the conflicts between the two adversaries.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854

    Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
    The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska,allowing white male settlers in those territories to determine through popular sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territoryby popular vote.
    Pro and anti-slavery supporters flocked to Kansas trying to shift support to one side or another. In this mix, conflict broke out sometimes resulting in bloodshed.
  • The Dred Scott Decision

    The Dred Scott Decision
    Roger B Taney ruled that Scott was a slave and therefore not a citizen, and that property was property, no matter where it was transported to, such as a free state or territory. This decision declared the Missouri Compromise all but unconstitutioinal and gave slave holders renewed interest in their rights to expand slavery.
    His case, however, remained an essential issue in American politics and law and led to the outbreak of the Civil War.
  • the Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    the Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    A series of debates (total: 7 times)in which challenged Douglas were the topic of discussion was slavery. This led to the Civil War because republican candidate Lincoln changed some people's minds about slaves should be considered as humans,not properties.
  • Election of Lincoln

    Election of Lincoln
    The election of 1860 took place amid this supercharged atmosphere. As a result, the party split: Northern Democrats nominated Douglas, while Southern Democrats nominated Vice President John C. Breckinridge.
    Southerners again threatened to secede if a Republican was elected. It shows compromise within the north, but shows conflict between the two sides of the nation, as the south had virtually no support for Lincoln, it was all concentrated in the north.
  • Fort Sumter and Secession

    Fort Sumter and Secession
    Fort Sumter is a sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina, notable for two battles of the American Civil War. Upon the election of Abraham Lincoln, South Carolina decided to secceed from the Union. This was followed up by the seccession of many other southern states. The Civil War soon broke out with the first firing at Fort Sumter, a Union fort located in South Carolina. Although there were no casulaties, the fort eventually fell to the Confederates, and the Civil War had begun.