Splash ripples

Toffler's Wave Theory Timeline

  • 1st Wave: Agriculutral Age

    1st Wave: Agriculutral Age
    The first wave began about 10,000 years ago as nomadic hunters and gatherers populated the planet. People lived in large families and began settling, domesticating animals, and herding cattle. With the development of tools the Agricultuarl Age began.
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    1st Wave: Agricultural Age

    The first wave began about 10,000 years ago as nomadic hunters and gatherers populated the planet. People lived in large families and began settling, domesticating animals, and herding cattle. With the development of tools the Agricultuarl Age began.
  • 2nd Wave: Industrial Age

    2nd Wave: Industrial Age
    The second wave included what we call the Industiral Revolution. It was a time when people moved into large cities, standardized materials were created and mass production became a reality.
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    2nd Wave: Industrial Age

    The second wave included what we call the Industiral Revolution. It was a time when people moved into large cities, standardized materials were created and mass production became a reality.
  • 1900-1909 Dewey

    Dewey sets up an experimental elementary school.
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    Strand 2

    Key technological advances and innovations for each decade
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    Strand 3

    The nature of work: Business and corporate philosophies
  • 1900-1909 Battery

    Thomas Edison creates the first battery.
  • 1900-1909 Polygraph

    Lie detector, or polygraph machine, was invented by James Mackenzie
  • 1900-1909 Movie

    First movie appears. The first projection film with a plot is played when the 10 minute movie "The Great Train Robbery" is released.
  • 1900-1909 Wright Brothers

    Wright Brothers complete their first airplane flight
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    Strand 6

    Political
  • 1900-1909 Montessori

    Maria Montessori began teaching students through self exploration and discovery.
  • 1900-1909 Model T

    Model T first sold.
  • 1900-1909 Assembly Line

    Henry Ford's invention of the assembly line changes the world.
  • 1910-1919 Boy Scouts

    Boy Scouts established.
  • 1910-1919 AT&T

    AT&T takes control of Western Union Telegraph Company.
  • 1910-1919 Pyrex

    Eugene Sullivan and William Taylor co-invent Pyrex.
  • 1910-1019 IQ Testing

    Louis M. Terman and his team of Stanford University graduate students complete an American version of the Binet-Simon Scale. The Stanford Revision of the Binet-Simon Scale becomes a widely-used individual intelligence test, and along with it, the concept of the intelligence quotient (or IQ) is born.
  • 1910-1919 Enigma

    Enigma machine created to encode messages at the end of WW1
  • 1910-1919 Progressive Education

    John Dewey's Democracy and Education. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education is published.
  • 1910-1919 CTR to IBM

    The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company enters the Canadian market under the name of International Business Machines Co., Limited.
  • 1910-1019 radio circuit

    Edwin Howard Armstrong invented the superheterodyne radio circuit which is inside of every TV and radio currently used.
  • 1920-1929 Insulin

    Insulin invented by Sir Frederick Grant Banting.
  • 1920-1929 Council for Exceptional Children

    The International Council for Exceptional Children is founded at Columbia University Teachers College.
  • 1920-1929 TV

    First successful test of a television broadcast using a Naval Station to broadcast.
  • 1920-1929 Scanner

    Robert S. Ledley invented the first scanner. It was used to create x-ray scans for medical research.
  • 1920-1929 Rockets

    Robert H. Goddard invents liquid fueled rockets.
  • 1920-1929 SAT

    The Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) is first administered.
  • 1920-1929 Penicillin

    Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.
  • 1920-1929 Razor

    Jacob Schick patented the electric shaver.
  • 1920-1929 Depression

    The Great Depression begins with the stock market crash
  • 1930-1939 Clock

    First quartz clok invented
  • 1930-1939 Dick and Jane

    Dick and Jane books first published.
  • 1930-1939 Nylon

    Wallace Carothers and DuPont Labs invents nylon.
  • 1930-1939 Heart Lung Machine

    r. John H. Gibbon, Jr., first successful application of the heart-lung machine for extracorporeal circulation in an animal (cat).
  • 1930-1939 Blood Bank

    Bernard Fantus starts the first blood bank at Cook County Hospital in Chicago using a 2% solution of sodium citrate. Refrigerated blood lasted ten days.
  • 1930-1939 TV Debut

    First TV debuts at World's Fair
  • 1930-1939 Transportation

    Frank W. Cyr, a professor at Columbia University's Teachers College, organizes a national conference on student transportation. It results in the adoption of standards for the nation's school buses, including the shade of yellow.
  • The first mobile phone technology becomes available with police and emergency radios.

    The first mobile phone technology becomes available with police and emergency radios.
  • 1940-1949 Harvard Mark 1

    The first electrical computer is introduced. Howard Aiken and IBM developed the first fully automatic 'electro-mechanical' machine capable of not only addition, but other functions such as multiplication, and trig functions as well. The machine was known as the "Harvard Mark I".
  • 1940-1949 Kidney Dialysis

    The kidney dialysis machine invented by Willem Kolff.
  • 1940-1949 Atom Bomb

    The first Atomic Bomb is exploded on Hiroshima Japan
  • 1940-1949 Segregation

    In the landmark court case of Mendez vs. Westminster and the California Board of Education, the U. S. District Court in Los Angeles rules that educating children of Mexican descent in separate facilities is unconstitutional, thus prohibiting segregation in California schools.
  • 1940-1949 Dale's Cone

    Edgar Dale shares his "Cone of Experience" that visually shows teaching methods and materials
  • 1940-1949 Cable TV

    Cable TV is born. CATV (Community Antenna Television) is developed in the mountains of Pennsylvania.
  • 1940-1949 Velcro

    Velcro ® invented by George de Mestral.
  • 3rd Wave: Information Age

    The third wave ushered in a plethora of information.This was a time when people were expermenting with new technologies and accessing information, not all accurate. There is more information available then people are able to process so new technologies to organize information began to appear.
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    3rd Wave: Information Age

    The third wave ushered in a plethora of information.This was a time when people were expermenting with new technologies and accessing information, not all accurate. There is more information available then people are able to process so new technologies to organize information began to appear.
  • 1950-1959 Videotape

    First video tape is recorded at Bing Crosby studios in California.
  • 1950-1959 Bar Codes

    The first patent for bar code issued to inventors Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver.
  • 1950-1959 Skinner

    B.R. Skinner's Science and Human Behavior is published. His form of behaviorism (operant conditioning), which emphasizes changes in behavior due to reinforcement, becomes widely accepted and influences many aspects of American education.
  • 1950-1959 Birth Control

    Oral contraceptives invented.
  • 1950-1959 Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks, a Montgomery, Alabama seamstress, refuses to give up her seat on the bus a Caucasian passenger and is subsequently arrested and fined. The Montgomery bus boycott follows, giving impetus to the Civil Rights Movement. A year later, in the case of Browder v. Gale, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that segregated seating on buses unconstitutional.
  • 1950-1959 Dot Matrix Printer

    IBM debuts the first computer 'printer'. A dot-matrix printer.
  • 1950-1959 Sputnik

    The USSR launched its first space ship called Sputnik.
  • 1950-1959 NASA

    NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) is founded.
  • 1950-1959 Integrated circuit

    Jack St. Clair Kilby of Texas Instruments invented the first "integrated circuit" or "chip". a.
  • 1950-1959 Pacemaker

    The internal pacemaker invented by Wilson Greatbatch.
  • 1950-1959 ACT

    The ACT Test is first administered.
  • 1960-1969 Space

    Alan B. Shepard Jr. became the first American to fly into space.
  • 1960-1969 Color TV

    Color Television becomes available. By the fall of 1964, NBC was broadcasting the majority of its programs in color.
  • 1960-1969 Learning Disabilities

    Samuel A. Kirk uses the term "learning disability" at a Chicago conference on children with perceptual disorders. The term sticks, and in 1964, the Association for Children with Learning Disabilities, now the Learning Disabilities Association of America, is formed. Today, nearly one-half of all students in the U.S. who receive special education have been identified as having learning disabilities.
  • 1960-1969 Contact Lenses

    Soft contact lenses invented.
  • 1960-1969 Substitute Lung

    Raskkind developed a low volume disposable pumpless bubble oxygenator for use as a substitute lung on children with cystic fibrosis, RDS, and CHD.
  • 1960-1969 Video Game

    Ralph Baer begins work on the first video game.
  • 1960-1969 Internet

    The DoD (Department of Defense) developed ARPANET. They used this technology to allow various computers within different sections of the military and government that work on different systems to share information with one another. This is the first network. By the end of 1969, four host computers were connected together into the initial ARPANET. These computers were located at 4 colleges: UCLA, Stanford, University of California, and University of Utah.
  • 1960-1969 Open Classroom

    Herbert R. Kohl's book, The Open Classroom, helps to promote open education, an approach emphasizing student-centered classrooms and active, holistic learning. The conservative back-to-the-basics movement of the 1970s begins at least partially as a backlash against open education.
  • 1960-1969 Moon Walk

    Man first walks on the moon when astronaut Neil Armstrong sets foot on the lunar surface.
  • 1970-1979 Piaget

    Jean Piaget's book, The Science of Education, is published. His Learning Cycle model helps to popularize discovery-based teaching approaches, particularly in the sciences.
  • 1970-1979 Micro-processor

    A company named Intel produced the first 'micro-processor' which held its own arithmetic logic unit.
  • 1970-1979 504 Plans

    The Rehabilitation Act becomes law. Section 504 of this act guarantees civil rights for people with disabilities in the context of federally funded institutions and requires accommodations in schools including participation in programs and activities as well as access to buildings. Today, "504 Plans" are used to provide accommodations for students with disabilities who do not qualify for special education or an IEP.
  • 1970-1979 Floppy and Hard Drives

    IBM released the 8" floppy drive, and the first permanent storage with its first "Hard Drive."
  • 1970-16979 CAT Scan

    Introduction of computerized axial tomography, the "CAT-scanner."
  • 1970-1979 Apple

    Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniack incorporate the Apple computer company.
  • 1970-1979 Microsoft

    The tradename "Microsoft" is registered, and in December Bill Gates drops out of Harvard.
  • 1970-1979 Cell Phone

    AT&T completes it prototype of cell phone technology.
  • 1970-1979 Star Wars

    The movie "Star Wars" is released, revealing special effects, and film technology never before seen by the general public.
  • 1970-1979 Artificial Heart

    The artificial heart Jarvik-7 invented by Robert K. Jarvik.
  • 1980-1989 Vaccine

    The hepatitis-B vaccine invented.
  • 1980-1989 Space Shuttle

    NASA launches the first space shuttle.
  • 1980-1989 A Nation at Risk

    The report of the National Commission on Excellence in Education, A Nation at Risk, calls for sweeping reforms in public education and teacher training.
  • 1980-1989 Personal Computer

    IBM releases the IBM XT which sports a new 8086 16-bit processor and the ability to add the 8087 math co-processor.
  • 1980-1989 HIV

    HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified
  • 1980-1989 Apple Advertising

    During the Superbowl, Apple displayed an ad that changed the world of the "computer wars". The ad, promoting the new "Macintosh" computer displayed many black and gray clone like people, dressed like IBM employees, going through life in a bored mindless way, and finishing up the commercial in vivid color of their new "Mac", and saying it was for "The rest of us."
  • 1990-1999 Hubble Space Telescope

    Hubble Space Telescope is launched into space.
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    Strand 4

    Educational theories of learning and instruction
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    Strand 5

    Nature of society and culture: What key events determined the thinking of the decade?
  • 1990-1999 World Wide Web

    The World-Wide Web (WWW) released by CERN; Tim Berners-Lee developer is seen as the father of the "WWW."
  • 1990-1999 Vaccine

    First vaccine developed for hepatitis A.
  • 1990-1999 Constructivist Classrooms

    Jacqueline and Martin Brooks' In Search of Understanding: The Case for Constructivist Classrooms is published. It is one many books and articles describing constructivism, a view that learning best occurs through active construction of knowledge rather than its passive reception. Constructivist learning theory, with roots such as the work of Dewey, Bruner, Piaget, and Vygotsky, becomes extremely popular in the 1990s.
  • 1990-1999 Whiteboards

    Whiteboards find their way into U.S. classrooms in increasing numbers and begin to replace the blackboard.
  • 1990-1999 Cloning

    Dolly the sheep becomes the first clone
  • 1990-1999 Apple/Microsoft

    With Apple in deep financial trouble, and Microsoft in court litigation with Apple over copyright laws, Microsoft agrees to purchase 100,000 'non-voting' shares of Apple stock for approximately $150 Million. This keeps Apple out of bankruptcy, and gets Microsoft out of a monopoly lawsuit.
  • 1990-1999 DVD

    First DVD released
  • 1990-1999 Intel

    Intel releases the Pentium II chip.
  • 4th Wave: Communication Age

    4th Wave: Communication Age
    The fourth wave causes much discussion and differing points of view. Some see it as a merging of economic, social, and religious views, others say it is exploration of space, or improving the environment. I think we've already entered it and it is the need to communicate with others, the constant access of it and the way that has changed the way the average person lives.
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    4th Wave Prediction: Communication Age

    The fourth wave causes much discussion and differing points of view. Some see it as a merging of economic, social, and religious views, others say it is exploration of space, or improving the environment. I think we've already entered it and it is the need to communicate with others, the constant access of it and the way that has changed the way the average person lives.
  • 2000-2009 X-box

    A new generation of video games are released when Microsoft enters the market with X-Box, Sony releases a long awaited Playstation II, and Nintendo releases the Game Cube.
  • 2000-2009 Artificial Liver

    Artificial liver invented by Dr. Kenneth Matsumura and Alin Foundation.
  • 2000-2009 NCLB

    The controversial No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is approved by Congress and signed into law by President George W. Bush. The law, which reauthorizes the ESEA of 1965, holds schools accountable for student achievement levels and provides penalties for schools that do not make adequate yearly progress toward meeting the goals of NCLB.
  • 200-2009 iPod

    Apple Computers publicly announced their portable music digital player the iPod,
  • 2000-2009 YouTube

    YouTube - the online video sharing and viewing community - was invented in 2005 by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim.
  • 2000-2009 Obama

    Barrack Obama, first African American to be elected president of the United States.
  • 1980-1989 CD-ROM

    The first CD-ROM is developed by Phillips and Sony, CD-I
  • 1930-1939 Frozen Food

    The frozen food process is patented by Clarence Birdseye