Timeline of Gifted Education

Timeline created by kheitic
  • William Harris earliest efforts to educate gifted students.

    William Harris earliest efforts to educate gifted students.
    William Torrey Harris, superintendent of public schools for St. Louis, institutes the earliest systematic efforts in public schools to educate gifted students.
  • Hereditary Genius Published

    Hereditary Genius Published
    Francis Galton’s seminal work, Hereditary Genius, is published indicating that intelligence was passed through successive generations.
  • First Gifted School Opens in Massachusetts

    First Gifted School Opens in Massachusetts
    Worcester, Massachusetts opened the first special school for gifted children.
  • Binet-Simon Test Developed

    Binet-Simon Test Developed
    French researchers, Binet and Simon, develop a series of tests (Binet-Simon) to identify children of inferior intelligence for the purpose of separating them from normally functioning children for placement in special classrooms.
  • Henry Goddard Translate IQ test to English

    Henry Goddard Translate IQ test to English
    Henry Goddard studies in France with Binet and is introduced to the Binet-Simon measurement scales. Subsequently, he ferries the test back to American in order to translate it into English and disseminate it to American educators and psychologists.
  • Lewis Terman enters the picture.

    Lewis Terman enters the picture.
    Lewis Terman, the “father” of the gifted education movement, publishes the Stanford-Binet, forever changing intelligence testing and the face of American education.
  • Lewis Terman begins longest study of gifted students.

    Lewis Terman begins what has remained the longest running longitudinal study of gifted children with an original sample of 1,500 gifted children.
  • Leta Hollingworth starts class for gifted students.

    Leta Hollingworth starts class for gifted students.
    Leta S. Hollingworth begins the Special Opportunity Class at P. S. 165 in New York City for gifted students. This class would yield nearly forty research articles, a textbook, and blueprints for Hollingworth’s work at P. S. 500, the Speyer School.
  • Lewis Termin publishes book on gifted students.

    Lewis Terman publishes Genetic Studies of Genius.
  • Lea Hollingworth publishes first textbook for gifted education.

    Leta Hollingworth publishes Gifted Children: Their Nature and Nurture, which is considered to be the first textbook on gifted education.
  • Speyer School for gifted education opens.

    Speyer School for gifted education opens.
    Hollingworth establishes P. S. 500, the Speyer School, for gifted children ages 7-9.
  • National Association of Gifted Children is founded.

    National Association of Gifted Children is founded.
    The National Association of Gifted Children is founded under the leadership of Ann Isaacs.
  • Soviet Union launches Sputnik. Sparking US to rethink education.

    The Soviet Union launches Sputnik, sparking the United States to reexamine its human capital and quality of American schooling particularly in mathematics and science. As a result, substantial amounts of money pour into identifying the brightest and talented students who would best profit from advanced math, science, and technology programming.
  • Gifted Education Recognized by federal government.

    Gifted Education Recognized by federal government.
    The National Defense Education Act passes. This is the first large-scale effort in gifted education by the federal government.
  • Civil Rights Act passed.

    The Civil Rights Act passes, emphasizing equal opportunities including those in education.
  • Schools encouraged to define giftedness.

    The Marland Report-The first formal definition is issued encouraging schools to define giftedness broadly, along with academic and intellectual talent the definition includes leadership ability, visual and performing arts, creative or productive thinking, and psychomotor ability.
  • US Department of Education give Gifted and Talented an office.

    US Department of Education give Gifted and Talented an office.
    The Office of the Gifted and Talented housed within the U.S. Office of Education is given official status.
  • A Nation at Risk Reports

    A Nation at Risk reports scores of America’s brightest students and their failure to compete with international counterparts. The report includes policies and practices in gifted education, raising academic standards, and promoting appropriate curriculum for gifted learners.
  • Congress passes Gifted and Talented Students Education Act

    Congress passes Gifted and Talented Students Education Act
    Congress passes the Jacob Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act as part of the Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
  • National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented established.

    The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented was established at the University of Connecticut and included researchers at the University of Virginia, Yale University, and the University of Georgia.
  • Report outlines America's neglect of gifted students.

    Report outlines America's neglect of gifted students.
    National Excellence : The Case for Developing America's Talent, issued by the U.S. Department of Education, outlines how America neglects its most talented youth. The report also makes a number of recommendations influencing the last decade of research in the field of gifted education.
  • 7 key areas highlighted to provide guidance for gifted services.

    NAGC publishes Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Program Standards to provide guidance in seven key areas for programs serving gifted and talented students.
  • No Child Left Behind edits gifted definition.

    No Child Left Behind edits gifted definition.
    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is passed as the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The Javits program is included in NCLB, and expanded to offer competitive statewide grants. The definition of gifted and talented students is modified again.
  • Report on acceleration for gifted students published.

    A Nation Deceived: How Schools Hold Back America’s Brightest Students, a national research-based report on acceleration strategies for advanced learners is published by the Belin-Blank Center at the University of Iowa.
  • NAGC publishes teacher preparation recommendations.

    NAGC publishes teacher preparation recommendations.
    NAGC publishes national gifted education standards for teacher preparation programs and knowledge and skill standards in gifted education for all teachers.
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    Gifted Education