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TimeLine of Events 1860-1877

  • South Carolina secedes from Union

    South Carolina secedes from Union
    During the presidential election of 1860, Southern leaders told the South to secede from the Union if Lincoln were to win the election because they believed Lincoln was an abolitionist. Abolitionists were people who worked to get rid of slavery. The South was afraid that Lincoln would outlaw slavery while in office. This would have created a problem for the South since its way of life depended on slaves.
  • more secession

    South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union following Lincoln’s election. Soon after, five more states followed. Within six months, a total of eleven states had seceded from the Union.
  • The CSA

    The CSA
    The seceded states met in Montgomery and formed the Confederate States of America on 22 February 1861 which appears on the seal of the CSA.
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    Fort Sumter

    Conflict at Fort Sumter, South Carolina (April 12-14) begins the Civil War. The south makes the fort run out of supplies. The fort was also was not allowed to fire them until south fired first. South fires and makes the fort surrender.
  • First Bull Run Manassas

    First Bull Run Manassas
    The First Battle of Bull Run, otherwise known as Manassas, saw its first major land battle on July 21st, 1861. The battle occurred on a small river known as Bull Run near Manassas Junction, Virginia when a Union army of about 35,000 marched from Washington D.C. to attack the main Confederate army. After fighting on the defensive side for most of the day, the Confederates were able to rally together thanks to a brigade led by Thomas J. Jackson who earned his nickname “Stonewall” that day.
  • Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
    In September of 1862, after the Union's victory at Antietam, Lincoln issued a preliminary decree stating that, unless the rebellious states returned to the Union by January 1, freedom would be granted to slaves within those states. The decree also left room for a plan of compensated emancipation. No Confederate states took the offer, and on January 1 Lincoln presented the Emancipation Proclamation.
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    Battle of Gettysburg
    This battle took place in Adams Country Pennsylvania and lasted for 3 days in the month of July of the year 1863. General Robert e. Lee was leading the army of N. Virginia for the Confederates while Major General George G. Meade was leading the army of the Potomac for the Union. In this bloodbath, the Confederates were outnumbered in soldiers. Robert E. Lee lost one third of his army at Gettysburg.
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    Battle of Chickamauga

    Catoosa County and Walker County GeorgiaSeptember 18-20th, 186334,600 Casualties all togetherBloodiest of more than 110 battles fought in the Western Theater.43,500 rounds were fired by the 21st Ohio infantry in just 6 hours.Means: “River of Death”
  • Lincoln Announce Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstructon plans

    Lincoln Announce  Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstructon plans
    In short, the terms of the plan were easy for most Southerners to accept. Though the emancipation of slaves was an impossible pill for some Confederates to swallow, Lincoln's plan was charitable, considering the costliness of the war. With the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, Lincoln was seizing the initiative for reconstruction from Congress. Some Radical Republicans thought the plan was far too easy on the South, but others accepted it because of the president's prestige and leaders
  • Sherman captures Atlanta

    Sherman captures Atlanta
    During the Atlanta Campaign, the 90,000 soldiers who marched in the summer of 1864, made 11 stops. Before they captured the city, President Lincoln’s reelection campaign had been in trouble. He was opposed by democrats in favor of a negotiated peace instead, however Lincoln still managed to win and the war continued until September of that year.
  • Lincoln is reelected president

    Lincoln is reelected president
    On this day in 1864, Northern voters overwhelmingly endorse the leadership and policies of President Abraham Lincoln when they elect him to a second term. With his re-election, any hope for a negotiated settlement with the Confederacy vanished.
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    Sherman's March of the sea
    from nov. 15 until dec 21, 1864 Union General William T. Sherman led 60,000 soldiers on a 285 mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. -goal was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the Confederate Cause.
    -No destroy towns-steal food and livestock
    -burned houses and barns of people who rebelled-Yankees were hostile people-“make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war”
  • Freedman Bureau

    Freedman Bureau
    As the Civil War ended in 1865, Congress created the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Land, popularly known as the Freedmen's Bureau, to help former slaves make the transition to freedom. Throughout the South, the Freedmen's Bureau established schools and hospitals, helped negotiate labor contracts, leased or sold confiscated lands to the freedmen, and generally tried to protect them from former masters.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    On this day in 1865, the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, officially ending the institution of slavery, is ratified. "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
  • Klu Klux Klan

    Klu Klux Klan
    A group including many former Confederate veterans founded the first branch of the Ku Klux Klan as a social club in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1866. The first two words of the organization's name supposedly derived from the Greek word "kyklos," meaning circle. In the summer of 1867, local branches of the Klan met in a general organizing convention and established what they called an "Invisible Empire of the South."
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th amendment declared rights. It secured the rights of former slaves. The amendment provides a definition of citizenship.
  • Commercial and Financial Panic

    Commercial and Financial Panic
    The Panic of 1873 was a financial crisis which triggered a severe international economic depression in both Europe and the United States that lasted until 1879, and even longer in some countries. The depression was known as the "Great Depression" until the 1930s, but is sometimes now known as the Long Depression.The panic was caused by the fall in demand for silver internationally.
  • "Whiskey Ring Scandal"

    "Whiskey Ring Scandal"
    On May 10, 1875 the Treasury Department, led by Secretary Benjamin Bristow, seized distilleries in St. Louis, Chicago, Evansville and Milwaukee. For many years distilleries had bribed low-salaried revenue agents into looking the other away as they evaded paying millions in federal taxes. distilleries often extended up the hierarchy to the head offices of the Internal Revenue Service and Treasury Department.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    The Democrat and Republican Parties finally made a deal in 1877 in what became known as the Compromise of 1877, the Democrats agreed to give Hayes the victory in the presidential election he had not clearly won. In return, the new President agreed to remove the remaining federal troops from southern states. He also agreed to support appropriations for rebuilding levees along the Mississippi River and to give huge subsidies to southern railroads.
  • Rutherford B. Hayes

    Rutherford B. Hayes
    Rutherford B. Hayes was the Republican candidate for president in the election of 1876; however, the election results remained in dispute until March 2, 1877, when Congress finally completed voting on the acceptance of the findings of the Electoral Count Commission which awarded Hayes all disputed electoral votes. He was inaugurated two days later on March 4.