Timeline of Airplanes

  • Period: to

    Airplane time span

  • Designing the Wright Glider

    Designing the Wright Glider
    The Wrights next began to study aerodynamics and structures in preparation for building their first piloted glider. It was one thing to design a set of wings for a small kite, quite another to build a large, heavy glider, climb aboard, and launch oneself into the air. The brothers now began to consider such things as the precise curve of the wing profile, the wing area necessary to lift a pilot, and the type of materials needed to construct a glider.
  • The 1901 Glider

    The 1901 Glider
    The poor lift performance of their 1900 glider made the Wright brothers question, but not abandon, the aerodynamic data and equations they had relied upon. To increase lift on their next glider, they simply increased the size of the wings and the curvature of the airfoil. They returned to Kitty Hawk in 1901 to test the new glider.The results were discouraging. Although more and longer free glides were made than in the previous year, the new glider performed worse than the 1900 craft.
  • New and Improved

    New and Improved
    By December 1901, the Wright brothers had accumulated all the aerodynamic data they needed to build a successful flying machine. However, they did not immediately try to build a powered airplane. They could not be sure that data obtained from tiny model wings would translate to a full-size aircraft. And they still had to solve the mysterious control problems that surfaced during the 1901 glider trials, Rather than risk life and limb on a large, heavy, untried powered flying machine, Wilbur an
  • The First Flight

    The First Flight
    On December 17, 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright made four brief flights at Kitty Hawk with their first powered aircraft. The Wright brothers had invented the first successful airplane.
  • Huffman Praire

    Huffman Praire
    By the fall of 1905, the Wright brothers’ experimental period ended. With their third powered airplane, they now routinely made flights of several minutes. On October 5, Wilbur made a spectacular flight in which he circled the field 30 times in 39 minutes for a total distance of 24 1/2 miles.
  • Louis Bleriot

    Louis Bleriot
    In 1909 Louis Bleriot invented the the first monoplane called Bleriot IX. Bleriot completed a 36.6km flight from Calais, France to Dover,UK, in 37 minutes.
  • Gyrostabilizer

    1914 was the year Lawrence Sperry demonstrates the automatic gyrostabilizer. This kept planes level and flying in a straight line. 2 years later he improved on the gyrostabilizer by adding steering mechanism to create automatic pilot.
  • The First Fighter Plane

    The First Fighter Plane
    French pilot Roland Garros flew the first ever fighter plane. The plane was armed with a machine gun that shot through its propeller. While piloting the fighter plane took down 5 planes.
  • The Junker J4

    The Junker J4
    In the year of 1917 Hugo Junkers built the first all metal plane. The metal was a lightweight aluminum alloy called duralumin.
  • The Engines

    The Engines
    In 1925 the Lightwieght aircooled radial engines were invented and with them planes can be bigger and faster.
  • Heinkel HE178

    Heinkel HE178
    The heinkel HE178 was the first fully jet powered plane.
  • Bell X-1

    Bell X-1
    The Bell X-1 broke the sound barrier on the 14 of October 1947 by Captain 'Chuck' Yeager.
  • Area Rule of Aircraft Design

    Area Rule of Aircraft Design
    Richard Whitcomb discovers an aircraft concept known as the Area Rule of Aircraft Design. The concept helps inventors by giving them a basic design that aircrafts need to reduce drag and increase speed without additional power.
  • Learjet

    The Learjet was the first small jet to be mass produced
  • Concorde

    The invention of the Concorde commenced in 1969. It was the first supersonic airliner with speeds that reached double the speed of sound!
  • Voyager

    The voyager was the first plane to circumnavigate the globe nonstop in only 9 days, using one tank of fuel. The voyager used a carbon-composite material which makes it lighter
  • B-2 Spirit

    B-2 Spirit
    The B-2 Spirit was the most expensive plane ever made, it cost more than one Billion dollars to build. The B-2 Spirit was a long range bomber so it uses less fuel.
  • Airbus 350

    Airbus 350
    The Airbus 350 is a double decker plane. It is the largest plane built and had enough seats for 555 people.
  • The First Flight

    The First Flight
    Jan 15, 2015 - To the delight of people everywhere, the Airbus A350 has made its first passenger flight.