Flying machine leonardo da vinci plans ornithopter

History Of Flight

  • 1000 BCE


    Kites are invented in China.
  • 852 BCE

    A King Tries to Fly

    The English King Bladud is apparently killed attempting to fly.
  • 1400

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    Leonardo da Vinci made many drawings of wings and flying machines in the late 1400s. He kept them hidden, and they weren’t discovered until 400 years after his death. Sketch dated 1488.
  • Montgolfier brothers

    The balloon of the Montgolfier brothers becomes the first unmanned balloon flight. The balloon is propelled by burning a pile of moist wool and old shoes.
  • Montgolfier brothers

    The Montgolfier Brothers successfully attempt the second trial of their hot-air balloon in Paris before King Louis XVI. This flight has passengers aboard: a rooster, a duck, and a sheep.
    A progression of flight – timeline. (2011, September 9). Retrieved May 11, 2020, from
  • Montgolfier brothers

    Montgolfier brothers
    Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier construct an hot-air balloon that ascends 84 feet (25 m) into the air with the first human fliers, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent. The balloon stays aloft for almost four minutes.
  • Period: to

    Sir George Cayley

    He invents the concept of a fixed-winged aircraft in 1799, and builds and flies it in 1804 in a shape of a glider
  • Henri Giffard.

    Henri Giffard.
    A steam engine powers the first airship flown by Henri Giffard.
  • The Wright Brothers

    The Wright Brothers
    Wilbur and Orville Wright made four brief flights at Kitty Hawk with their first powered aircraft. The Wright brothers had invented the first successful airplane. The Wrights used this stopwatch to time the Kitty Hawk flights.
  • Richard Pearse

    Richard Pearse
    Richard Pearse from New Zealand makes his first recorded powered flight of more than a few seconds, though witnesses contend his first flight may have been just before the Wright brothers.
  • Bessie Coleman

    Bessie Coleman became the first African-American to gain a pilot’s license.
  • Jet Engine

    Jet Engine
    Hans von Ohain of Germany was the designer of the first operational jet engine, though credit for the invention of the jet engine went to Great Britain's Frank Whittle. Whittle, who registered a patent for the turbojet engine in 1930, received that recognition but did not perform a flight test until 1941.
  • First woman flies across Atlantic

    First woman flies across Atlantic
    Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly a solo non-stop trans-Atlantic flight.
  • Jean Batten

    Jean Batten
    Jean Batten was a New Zealand aviatrix. During the 1930s, she was well known for taking a number of record-breaking solo flights across the world.
  • First jet-propelled aircraft

    First jet-propelled aircraft
    Germany’s Heinkel 178 is the first fully jet-propelled aircraft to fly.The Heinkel He 178 was the world's first aircraft to fly under turbojet power, and the first practical jet aircraft. It was a private venture by the German Heinkel company in accordance with director Ernst Heinkel's emphasis on developing technology for high-speed flight.
  • Aircraft exceeds speed of sound

    Aircraft exceeds speed of sound
    Charles Yeager pilots the first aircraft to exceed the speed of sound in level flight. Capt. Charles E. “Chuck” Yeager pilots the rocket-powered Bell X-1 to a speed of Mach 1.07, becoming the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound. In breaking the sound barrier, Yeager becomes the fastest man alive — and the legend of the X-Planes begins.
  • Sputnik 1

    Sputnik 1
    History changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of a beach ball (58 cm.or 22.8 inches in diameter), weighed only 83.6 kg. or 183.9 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path.
  • Fastest Aircraft in The World

    Fastest Aircraft in The World
    North American X-15 This aircraft has the current world record for the fastest manned aircraft. Its maximum speed was Mach 6.70 (about 7,200 km/h) which it attained on the 3rd of October 1967 thanks to its pilot William J. “Pete” Knight.
  • Moon Landing

    Moon Landing
    The first human-made object to touch the Moon was the Soviet Union's Luna 2, on 13 September 1959. The United States' Apollo 11 was the first crewed mission to land on the Moon, on 20 July 1969.
  • Longest human-powered flight

    On June 12, 1979, the Albatross, powered and guided by pilot Bryan Allen, made an historic flight across the English Channel. The record-breaking flight covered a distance of 22.25 statute miles (35.6 km) in 2 hours and 49 minutes.
  • First aircraft produced through computer-aided design and engineering

    First aircraft produced through computer-aided design and engineering
    Boeing debuts the twin-engine 777, the biggest two-engine jet ever to fly and the first aircraft produced through computer-aided design and engineering. Only a nose mockup was actually built before the vehicle was assembled—and the assembly was only 0.03 mm out of alignment when a wing was attached.
  • Joint research program to develop second-generation supersonic airliner

    NASA teams with American and Russian aerospace industries in a joint research program to develop a second-generation supersonic airliner for the 21st century. The centerpiece is the Tu-144LL, a first-generation Russian supersonic jetliner modified into a flying laboratory. It conducts supersonic research comparing flight data with results from wind tunnels and computer modeling.
    from 1996 to 1998
  • First non-stop world solo flights

    Steve Fossett makes the first non-stop solo flight around the world (2005) and in 2006 lands in England after flying around the world once and crossing the Atlantic twice – a distance of 26,389.3 miles (42,469.46 kilometres).
    From 2005 to 2006