History of Flight

By sketch
  • 200

    Greek Myth of Pegasus

    Greek Myth of Pegasus
    At an unknown time, the Greeks had a myth where Pegasus, an immortal being was born. He was a winged beast who was tamed by Bellerophon, a Korithian hero.
  • 200

    Greek Myth: Icarus and Daedalus

    Greek Myth: Icarus and Daedalus
    3000 years ago Daedalus ,an engineer, was imprsoned with his son by King Minos. To escape they worked together to make wings out of wax and feathers. Daedalus managed to fly first and told his son not to fly too close to the sun or the wax will melt. Unfortunatly, Icarus did not listen and went too close to the sun. So the wax melted and he fell to his death.
  • 200

    King Kaj Kaoos

    King Kaj Kaoos of Persia wanted to have an easier alternative mode of transportation in place of walking. So he attached eagles to his throne and they flew him around.
  • Period: 200 to Oct 13, 700

    Old Myths and Early Models

  • 400

    First Kites

    First Kites
    In around 400 BC the Chinese made kites, most were for ceremonies and they were colorful. Kites were important because these were almost like prototypes for balloons and gliders.
  • Period: Oct 13, 1300 to

    Old to Recent Achievements

  • Sep 13, 1485

    Leonardo da Vinci's Ornithopter

    Leonardo da Vinci's Ornithopter
    In 1985 Leonardo da Vinci made plans for a very detailed ornithoper. An ornithopter is a machine that allows the user to fly by flapping the wings. He drew over 100 plans but there is no evidence that he actually made one.
  • The Creation of the World's first Hot Air Balloon

    The Creation of the World's first Hot Air Balloon
    In 1783, Joseph Michel and Jacques Etienne Montgolfier created the world's first hot air balloon with the smoke from a fire and a silk bag. In the same year the first passengers entered the first montgolfier, the passengers were a sheep, a rooster, and a duck.
    On Nov 21, 1783 the first human passengers were put on they were Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier and Francois Laurent. The montgolfier managed to fly 8km over Paris
  • Earlier Glider Designs

    When George Cayley was young he drew and made model gliders. When he grew up his plans paid off as he made an early form of a glider in which could carry a young boy. Over 50 years later he made some tweaks and adjustments like putting a tail on to help stabilise the glider.
  • Controlling Glider Flight

    Controlling Glider Flight
    Otto Lilienthal of Germany was an engineer who studied aerodynamics and wanted to buid a glider. He managed to buid a glider that went very long distances, this is better than Cayley's because it can go far whereas Cayley's could only fly HIGHER. He published a book about flight and it helped with some of the Wrght Brothers' plans. The gliders he made were much like hang gliders today except with a larger and more visible skeleton. It was very easy to control as all you had to do was lean.
  • The First Aerodrome

    The First Aerodrome
    Samuel Langley was an astronomer that created a model plane called an aerodrome. He figured out for planes to fly faster and farther they needed power(thrust). So when he created the aerodrome, it had a built in steam engine. In this year it flew 3/4 of a mile before running out of fuel. Langley attemped to make a full-sized one but it was too heavy so it crashed. He was devastated so he gave up but he still pursued his dream partially and became a professer at the Smithsonian Institute.
  • First True Flight on a Flyer

    First True Flight on a Flyer
    The Wright Brothers (Orville and Wilbur Wright) built thier own propeller for the nose and a motor. They were the first humans to fly on a flyer.
  • Silver Dart

    Silver Dart
    This plane was a flying machine for a Canadian Warfare. The Silver Dart first took of on Febuary 23,1909 where it only flew half a mile at 65kmph. But in August 2,1909 the Silver Dart completed a course over 35km long. The Canadian Warfare still knew that it wouldn't amount to much and on the fifth flight one wheel broke off and the Silver Dart went crashing down. It has been remembered in the Canadian Museum of Flight.
  • The First Twinplane/Biplane

    The First Twinplane/Biplane
    William Wallace Gibson of British Columbia created his own plane with his own engine. He called it a twinplane because it had wings in front and behind the plilot. On this day, it made its first flight and it flew a distance of 200 feet at a height of 20 feet.
  • First Woman to Fly in Canada

    First Woman to Fly in Canada
    Alys McKey Bryant was the first woman to fly in Canada. She flew over Vancouver in a biplane. She inspired many other women in Canada and in the USA to know dreams aren't impossible.
  • First To Fly Over Canadian Rockies

    Ernest Hoy was the first person to fly over the Canadian Rockies. He flew over them in a Curtiss JN-4 and he flew from Vancouver to Calgary. But his plane culdn't go over 7000 feet so he flew through the moutains being pushed by the winds. In the end, he made it but on his return flight he did cartwheels almost after takeoff. He was so shaken he never flew again. Although he became a daredevil to kids and mankind inspiring many other people to try what they wanted, within reason of course.
  • First Plane to Break Sound Barrier

    First Plane to Break Sound Barrier
    Chuck Yeager created a plane called the X-1 but he nicknamed it "Glamorous Glennis" after his wife. The plane had an extra-large propulsion engine, this allowed the plane to break the sound barrier.
  • Creation of The Avro Arrow

    Creation of The Avro Arrow
    The Avro Arrow was meant to be a plane that could overtake Mach 2. Unfortunatly plans could not go underway for some reason and in 1959 the government scrapped almost all the plans but some were still used for other Mach 2 planes.
  • First Human on The Moon

    First Human on The Moon
    For the first time ever, a human landed on the moon.The commander Neil Armstrong of the USA guided this adventure. From this he stated the infamous words, "That's on small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.
  • Period: to

    Possible Technology Enhancement

  • More Cathay Pacific Ranges and New Boeing 777-300ER

    More Cathay Pacific Ranges and New Boeing 777-300ER
    In 2010 Cathay Pacific ordered five Boeing 777-300ER's. This will increase ranges and since the Boeing 777-300ER's has a large tank capacity different places can be traveled to. These will arrive in 2013. This will also help the commercial puposes of airlines.
  • Future Navigation and Planes

    The new planes will either fly THEMSELVES or be so easy to pilot, using few buttons that need to be pressed. The navigation will be called Synthetic Vision and it gives a bird's-eye view of the area and any incoming objects or signals. I think this will help military and commercial planes control easier and have higher safety. I think the disadvantages would be that some pilots could lose their job or get paid less, if the planes are so much easier to fly.
  • Possible Commercial Spaceships

    In the far future, a company that makes spaceships, Virgin Galactic, may make commercial airplanes. Of course these flights will be really expensive and in the far future(So don't get excited). It is known they will have world-wide ports.
  • Air-breathing Planes?

    Air-breathing engines work by sucking in air from front inlets and creating thrust.Unfortunatly, most air-breathing engines only work at low speeds. But Skylon is attempting to create a scramjet, an air-breathing engine that works evn at Mach 5. Of couse this will occur in the far future.