Gómez De Lucio Karina
Sanchez Acevedo Angel Alejandro
Zamorano Delgado Cynthia
First hot air balloon
The Montgolfier brothers launched their first hot air balloon.
The first airship, fitted with a steam engine was flown by Henri Giffard flew 15 miles (24 km) in France, with a steam engine driven craft. The airship could only fly forward.
First engine powered flight
The Wright Brothers made the first engine powered flight in 'The Flyer'. It flew for 12 seconds and travelled 37 metres.
First passenger flight
First passenger flight: Wilbur Wright takes an employee along for a ride.
Army Airfield established at College Park, Md., by Wilbur Wright, making it the longest continuously operating airport in the world today
First flown commercially
Zeppelins were first flown commercially in 1910 by Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-AG (DELAG), the world's first airline in revenue service. By mid-1914, DELAG had carried over 34,000 passengers on over 1,500 flights. After the outbreak of World War I, the German military made extensive use of Zeppelins as bombers and scouts.
First all metal plane
The first all metal plane was built by a German, Herman Junkers. It travelled at 170 km per hour.
The Curtiss seaplane NC-4
Between 8 and 31 May 1919, the Curtiss seaplane NC-4 made a crossing of the Atlantic flying from the U.S.to Newfoundland, then to the Azores and on to Portugal and finally the UK. The whole journey took 23 days. NC-4 was the only one of the three United States Navy aircraft to set out that completed the journey. The journey had been organized by the U.S. Navy to include crew rest, aircraft maintenance and repair and refueling, and had been supported by a trail of 53 "station ships" across the A
First non-stop transatlantic flight
On 14–15 June 1919, British aviators Alcock and Brown made the first non-stop transatlantic flight. They flew a modified World War I Vickers Vimy bomber from St. John's, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland.
First sea plane
The first sea plane, having one or two floats in place of the usual under carriage, this plane took off from, and landed on, water.
Flying boats were used to cross oceans because aircraft could not carry enough fuel to travel long distances non-stop. Flying boats could fly between seaports and islands, refuelling as they went. They didn't need runways, and it was thought to be safer to fly across water in an aircraft that could float. Flying boats have floats where the undercarriage would be on a land-based aircraft.
In the 1930s the use of twin (two) engines enabled planes to carry more passengers.
The first practical helicopter
which could carry passengers, was developed. Before this, a helicopter that could get off the ground and move in all directions, was invented by Russian-American Igor Sikorsky. His design used a large rotor on top for lift, and a tail rotor to keep the craft steady, flew in 1939.
First round the world comercial flight
First round the world commercial flight
This flying boat, 'Spruce Goose' was built of wood. It only flew once, over a distance of about 2 kilometres. It is the largest plane ever built
The de Havilland DH 106 Comet
The de Havilland DH 106 Comet was the first production commercial jetliner. Developed and manufactured by de Havilland at its Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom headquarters, the Comet 1 prototype first flew on 27 July 1949. It featured an aerodynamically clean design with four de Havilland Ghost turbojet engines buried in the wings, a pressurised fuselage, and large square windows.
Jet engines with propellers
Early jet liners carried about 40 passengers, and had jet engines with propellers called turbo-prop engines.
Jet passenger planes had turbo-jets and no longer needed propellers.
Air is sucked into the front of a jet engine and is compressed (squashed) by powerful fans, called turbofans. The compressed air is mixed with fuel and ignited. As the fuel burns, hot gases rush out of the back of the engine, pushing the aircraft along. As the gas leaves the engine, it spins turbines which make the turbofans at the front of the engine work.
Russian Built Tupolev Tu-144
The Russian built Tupolev Tu-144 was the first supersonic passenger aircraft. It flew on December 31, 1968; two months ahead of the first flight for the Concorde SST. Concorde flew at speeds of up to 2100 kilometres per hour carrying 100 passengers.
Wide-body commercial airliner and cargo transport aircraft
The Boeing 747 is a wide-body commercial airliner and cargo transport aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, Jumbo Jet, or Queen of the Skies. It is among the world's most recognizable aircraft and was the first wide-body ever produced. First flown commercially in 1970, the 747 held the passenger capacity record for 37 years. 345 passengers
Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde is a retired turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner or supersonic transport. It is one of only two SSTs to have entered commercial service; the other was the Tupolev Tu-144. Concorde was jointly developed and produced by Aérospatiale and the British Aircraft Corporation under an Anglo-French treaty. First flown in 1969, Concorde entered service in 1976 and continued commercial flights for 27 years.
First re-usable space vehicle
The first re-usable space vehicle, the space shuttle 'Colombia' was launched.
The Airbus A380
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus. It is the world's largest passenger airliner; many airports have had to upgrade their facilities to properly accommodate it because of its size. 800 passengers.
Fundamental development to tourism
25% will replace retiring airplanes, 75% will add to the extension of global aircraft fleet.
fundamental development to tourism,
contributes 3% of global GDP,
carried 4.8 billion passengers and 89 million tonnes of freight,
more than 76 million aircraft movement,
World airline passenger traffic fell 3.1%
world airline passenger traffic fell 3.1% in 2009.
total regions fell except for Middle East recoreded grwoth of 10%,
other regions recorded negative with Africa's hit of 9.6% overall.
Lighter and more energy efficient aeroplane.
The 787 Dreamliner a long-range, mid-size wide-body, twin-engine jet airliner came into service. It is can carry up to 250 passengers. It is a lighter and more energy efficient aeroplane.
Coronavirus: impact on the aviation industry worldwide
Since the beginning of 2020, more and more countries across the globe shut down borders and limit domestic travel as a response to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Thus, cancelling almost all flights to control the spread of the virus has affected the entire airline industry globally.