Timeline: Music of the Renaissance

Timeline created by dasha37
In Music
  • 1431

    Joan of Arc burnt at stake

    "She's a witch! Burn her!"
    -Some peasant in Monty Python and the Holy Grail
  • 1434

    Cosimo de Medici crowned ruler of Florence

  • 1453

    Gloria, from Missa Se Face ay la Pale

    Guillame du Fay, Mass
    -French
    -Syllabic
    -Part of the Mass Ordinary
    -Begins with one voice, 4 in total
    -Uses isorhythm
  • 1480

    Ave Maria, virgo serena

    Josquin des Prez, Motet
    -Latin
    -Syllabic
    -4 voices
    -Duple meter
    -Sixths and Thirds
    -Imitation, word painting
  • 1492

    Columbus reaches Americas

  • 1498

    Leonardo de Vinci finishes "The Last Supper"

  • 1500

    Innsbruck, ich muss dich lassen

    Heinrich Isaac, German song
    -German language
    -Syllabic
    -4 voices
    -Written about leaving Innsbruck
  • 1504

    Michelangelo's "David" finished

    Fourteen feet tall, commissioned by Opera del Duomo to be part of a series
  • 1513

    Niccolo Machiavelli finishes "The Prince"

  • 1524

    Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott

    Johann Walter, Chorale
    -German
    -4 voices
    -Melody in tenor
  • 1527

    Sack of Rome

    Part 2, carried out by Charles V and army.
  • 1551

    Or sus, serviteurs du Seigneur

    Lois Bourgeoys, psalm
    -French
    -6 voices
  • 1560

    Credo, from the Pope Marcellus Mass

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Mass
    -Italian
    -Clearly distinguishable words
    -6 voices, but split into 'groups' that sing at different times
    -Legend said it 'saved' polyphonic music in Mass
    -All 6 voices sing together at 'et incarnatus est'
  • 1570

    First modern atlas

    By Gilles Coppens de Diest, called "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum"
  • Flow My Tears

    John Dowland, Lute song
    -English
    -One voice, lute
    -Falling melody motif
    -Image of 'melancholy artist'
    -Lute part written in tablature
  • Period:
    1390
    to
    1453

    John Dunstable

    Burgundian School, hugely influential in Contenance Angloise.
  • Period:
    1397
    to
    1474

    Guillame du Fay

    Burgundian School, first modern composer in that he was proud of his work.
  • Period:
    1450
    to
    1521

    Josquin des Prez

    Praised by Martin Luther, regarded as "greatest composer of his time."
  • Period:
    1450
    to
    1517

    Heinrich Isaac

    Composed both vocal and instrumental music, connected with Hapsburg court.
  • Period:
    1483
    to
    1548

    Martin Luther

    Most famous for 95 Theses, but music took influence from Gregorian chant, secular songs, German folk songs, and his own compositions.
  • Period:
    1496
    to
    1570

    Johann Walter

    Lutheran composer during Reformation, used cantus firms in many compositions.
  • Period:
    1520
    to
    1529

    Nun komm der Heiden Heiland

    Martin Luther, Chorale
    -German
    -4 voices
    -Used in Mass Proper
    -Based on chant 'Veni, redemptor omnium'
  • Period:
    1520
    to
    1529

    Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott

    Martin Luther, Chorale
    -German
    -4 Voices
    -All voices start at once
    -Sung in class
  • Period:
    1525
    to

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

    Roman School of music, was appointed maestro di cappella by Pope Julius III. His music took on its own style and established his own 'rules.'
  • Period:
    1554
    to

    Luca Marenzio

    Famous for his madrigals, heavy use of word painting and chromaticism. Influential all over Italy and even England.
  • Period:
    1563
    to

    John Dowland

    'Melancholy artist,' published many books of music including 'Lachrimae.' Suspected in plot against Queen Elizabeth I.
  • Period: to

    Solo e pensoso

    Luca Marenzio, Madrigal
    -Italian
    -5 voices
    -Mostly syllabic
    -Word painting
    -Written about being alone, heartbreak
  • Period: to

    Quam pulchra es

    John Dunstable, Motet
    -Latin
    -Syllabic with some melismas
    -Homophonic
    -3 voices
    -All voices are of the same importance
    -example of Contenance Angloise
  • Period: to

    Contenance Angloise

    The 'English Way' of writing music, used thirds and sixths, harmonies, easily-singable melodies.