U.S history: 1877-2008

Timeline created by Maria.medina1959
In History
  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence signed

  • Constitution written

  • Bill of Rights ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • homestead act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west.
  • 13th amendment

    abolished slavery
  • 14th amendment

    citizenship and due process
  • transcontinental railroad completed

  • 15th amendment

    voting for all male citizens
  • telephone invented by Alexander bell

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

  • Chinese exclusion act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act.
  • Pendleton civil service act

    awarded government jobs based on merit.
  • interstate commerce act

    ensure railroad set "reasonable and just"rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business.
  • Dawes act

    gave individual ownership of land to native Americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • hull house founded, first of many settlement houses

  • sherman antitrust act

    outlawed business monopolies
  • Sherman anti-trust act

    outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness.
  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    legalized segregation established "separate but equal"
    In declaring separate-but-equal facilities constitutional on intrastate railroads, the Court ruled that the protections of 14th Amendment applied only to political and civil rights (like voting and jury service), not “social rights” (sitting in the railroad car of your choice).
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the spanish American war

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

  • Klondike gold rush (Alaska)

  • open door policy

    initiated free with trade china
  • roosevelt corollary

    an addition to the Monroe doctrine.
  • the jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • meat inspection act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat.
  • pure food and drug act

    regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines.
  • NAACP founded

  • dollar diplomacy

    Taft's policy of paying for peace in Latin America.
  • 16th amendment

    established the federal income tax.
  • 17th amendment

    direct election of U.S senators
  • federal reserve act

    established the federal reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry.
  • Panama Canal built

  • archduke franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting world war 1

  • Period: to

    World War I

  • sinking of the lusitania

  • national parks system created

  • Zimmerman telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • the United States enters WW| on the allied side

  • Bolshevik revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne forest, considered the turning point of the war.

  • Germany surrenders to the allied powers

  • president Woodrow Wilsons 14 points

    statement of principles for peace after world war |, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas and a League of Nations
  • treaty of versailles

    peace treaty that ended world war |, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 18th amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is legal.
  • 19th amendment

    women are given the right to vote
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

  • teapot dome scandal uncovered by the Wall Street journal

  • American Indian citizenship act

    granted citizenship to any native Americans born within the United States.
  • scopes monkey trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris.

  • stock market crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • civilian conservation corps (CCC) established

  • 20th amendment

    adjusted the dates of the presidential terms.
  • federal deposit insurance corporation (FDIC) established

  • 21st amendment

    repeals the 18th amendment and prohibition ends.
  • securities and exchange commission (SEC) established

  • works progress administration (WPA) established

  • social security act

    established the social security administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families.
  • dust bowl

  • Adolf hitler invades Poland, starting WW||

  • Period: to

    World War II

    1.island hoping
    2. liberation of concentration camps
    3. Dwight eisenhower- General who commanded troops in North Africa
    4. Douglas Mac Arthur-One of the most-known American military leaders of WWII
    5 chester W. Nimitz
    6. Navajo code talkers- used to create secret code that Japanese never broke
    7. flying tigers
    8. the Manhattan project- project to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
    9. Tuskegee airmen
    10. rosie the riveter-Propaganda tool encourage women to take factory jobs.
  • attack on Pearl Harbor

  • battle of midway

  • Bataan death march

  • executive order 1066

    incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WW||
  • "D-Day" - invasion of normandy

  • G.I. bill

    gives military veterans financial and educational benefits.
  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

  • the atomic bomb, "little boy" is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan

  • the atomic bomb, "fat man" is dropped in Nagasaki Japan, ending world war ||

  • truman doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism.
  • 22nd amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again.
  • Berlin airlift

  • marshall plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after world war ||
  • NATO established

  • korean war

  • sweatt V. painter

    ruled the separate law school at the university of Texas failed to qualify as "separate but equal"
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • rosenbergs trial

  • first H-bomb detonated by the United States.

  • brown v. board of education of Topeka

    overturned plessy v. Ferguson and mandated desegragation.
  • hernandez v. texas

    Mexican Americans and all other races provided equal protection under the 14th amendment.
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the polio vaccine

  • Montgomery bus boycott after rosa parks arrest

  • interstate highway act

    authorized the building of a national highway system.
  • USSR launches sputnik

  • Little Rock nine integrated into an all white school in Little Rock, AK

  • bay of pigs invasion in Cuba

  • Berlin Wall built to percent people from leaving communist east Berlin.

  • cuban missile crisis

  • Martin Luther king's "I have a dream"at the march on Washington.

  • John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Tx

  • gulf of Tonkin resolution

    begins undeclared war in Vietnam.
  • civil rights of 1964

    made discrimination based on race, religion, or national origin in public places illegal and required.
  • 24th ammendment

    abolishes the poll tax
  • medicare and medicaid established

  • voting rights act of 1965

    eliminated literacy tests for voters
  • tet offensive

  • Martin Luther king is assassinated

  • civil rights act of 1968

    prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of housing.
  • first man on the moon

  • tinker v. des moines

    defined the first amendment rights for students in the United States public schools. On Feb. 24, 1969, the court ruled 7-2 that students do not “shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.”
  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • pentagon papers leaked

  • 26th amendment

    moved voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • title ix

    protects people from discrimination based on gender in education programs.
  • war powers act

    law limited the presidents right to send troops to battle without congressional approval
  • fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam war.

  • Period: to

    1990s-21st Century