202386

Timeline #4 The Romantic Era (1810s-1890)

By jaj083
  • Period: 476 to 1435

    The Middle ages

  • 900

    The invention of Gunpowder

    The invention of Gunpowder
  • 991

    Guido d’Arezzo

    Guido d’Arezzo
  • Period: 991 to 1033

    Guido d’Arezzo

    Guido d’Arezzo was known for inventing the written staff.
  • 1098

    Hildegard von Bingen

    Hildegard von Bingen
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hildegard von Bingen

    Famous for her powers of revelations. Wrote religious poetry and was the first female composer in contemporary musicology to receive scholarly research.
  • 1150

    Leonin

    Leonin
  • Period: 1150 to 1201

    Leonin

    Leonin is one of the early composers of the from the early Renaissance. Leonin identified as one of the cantors of the Cathedral of Notre dame. He was the First composer of polyphonic music.
  • 1155

    Raimbaut de Vaqueiras

    Raimbaut de Vaqueiras
  • Period: 1155 to 1207

    Raimbaut de Vaqueiras

    Served in the court in Montferrat in northwestern Italy. He had written 35 poems and also wrote music until dieing in battle in 1207.
  • 1200

    Perotin

    Perotin
    Perotin is one of the early composers of the early renaissance. Perotin identified as one of the cantors of the Cathedral of Notre dame.
  • 1200

    Invention of the Compass

    Invention of the Compass
  • 1291

    Philippe de Vitry

    Philippe de Vitry
  • Period: 1291 to 1361

    Philippe de Vitry

    Philippe de Vitry was the first composer of the Ars Nova.
  • 1300

    The Ars Nova

    The Ars Nova
  • 1300

    Guillaume de Machaut

    Guillaume de Machaut
  • Period: 1300 to 1350

    The Ars Nova

    This was a style of music. When it was created it was a new rhythmic polyphony. In this style of art, music notation was written in artistic styles.
  • Period: 1300 to 1377

    Guillaume de Machaut

    Guillaume de Machaut was the most famous composer and poet of the 1300's.
  • 1325

    Francesco Landini

    Francesco Landini
  • Period: 1325 to 1397

    Francesco Landini

    Francesco Landini was the most famous italian composer of the fourteenth century. He was a theorist, composer, poet, and organist. He was very famous because he was blind.
  • 1390

    John Dunstable

    John Dunstable
  • Period: 1390 to 1453

    John Dunstable

    Much of his work was not ever published until 1953 due to the fact that in his time a lot of other composers were writing their own music and putting John Dunstable name on it leading to a great difficulties in identifying which pieces were truly written by him.
  • Period: 1430 to

    The Renaissance

  • 1435

    Johannes Tinctoris

    Johannes Tinctoris
  • Period: 1435 to 1511

    Johannes Tinctoris

    Johannes Tinctoris was a composer and music theorist who wrote the first terms that were used for music.
  • 1452

    leonardo da vinci

    leonardo da vinci
  • Period: 1452 to 1519

    leonardo da vinci

    He was a very important writer, painter, poet and inventor.
  • 1475

    Michelangelo Buonarroti

    Michelangelo Buonarroti
  • Period: 1475 to 1564

    Michelangelo Buonarroti

    Michelangelo Buonarroti was known for his very realistic statues that were made with incredible detail.
  • 1483

    Raphael

    Raphael
  • Period: 1483 to 1520

    Raphael

    Raphael was a very famous painter of his time.
  • 1488

    Tiziano Vecellio

    Tiziano Vecellio
  • Period: 1488 to 1576

    Tiziano Vecellio

    an important artist known for one work named " the three ages of man"
  • 1505

    Thomas Tallis

    Thomas Tallis
  • Period: 1505 to

    Thomas Tallis

    He was an English composer who wrote motets that had many voices in them.
  • 1525

    Palestrina

    Palestrina
  • Period: 1525 to

    Palestrina

    Palestrina is the most important composer of the renaissance era.
  • 1528

    Paolo Veronese

    Paolo Veronese
  • Period: 1528 to

    Paolo Veronese

    a very important Italian painter known for his works such as "The Allegory of Wisdom and Strength"
  • 1551

    Giulio Caccini

    Giulio Caccini
  • Period: 1551 to

    Giulio Caccini

    he was a composer, teacher, singer, writer, and instrumentalist. also one of the founders of opera. and influenced the new baroque style.
  • 1561

    Jacopo Peri

    Jacopo Peri
  • Period: 1561 to

    Jacopo Peri

    He was known as "Ill zazzerino" which was inspired by the name zazzera which means to have a very fashionable hair but that is made with bad taste. also was known to have invented opera
  • 1564

    Shakespeare

    Shakespeare
  • Period: 1564 to

    Shakespeare

    He lived in the Baroque era but many Renaissance pieces were used in his plays.
  • 1567

    Claudio Monteverdi​

    Claudio Monteverdi​
  • Period: 1567 to

    Claudio ​Monteverdi​

    was an Italian string player and composer and was also a priest and choir master.
  • Period: 1580 to

    Early baroque

  • Francesca Caccini

    Francesca Caccini
  • Period: to

    Francesca Caccini

    the highest paid woman of her time and the first woman to compose opera. she was an Italian composer. singer and music teacher.
  • Period: to

    The baroque

  • Barbara strozzi

    Barbara strozzi
  • Period: to

    Barbara Strozzi

    An Italian singer and composer and was known to be the artist of that time with the most printed music.
  • Period: to

    Middle Baroque

  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber

    Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber
  • Period: to

    Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber

    was a composer and violinist. was from a small country and published much of his music.
  • Arcangelo Corelli

    Arcangelo Corelli
  • Period: to

    Arcangelo Corelli

    he was a composer and violinist. His music was important because it developed the technique of violin and the modern sonatas and concertos.
  • Antonio Vivaldi

    Antonio Vivaldi
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    was a virtuoso violinist, teacher, and priest. is regarded as one of the best baroque composer.
  • Henry purcell

    Henry purcell
  • Period: to

    Henry purcell

    He was an English composer and combined Italian and French styles into his compositions and also his style was a unique English form
  • Alessandro Scarlatti

    Alessandro Scarlatti
  • Period: to

    Alessandro Scarlatti

    known for his operas and chamber cantatas. he was considered the most important of the Neapolitan school of opera. most was Sicily to Naples.
  • Period: to

    Late Baroque

  • Domenico Scarlatti

    Domenico Scarlatti
  • Johann Sebastian Bach

    Johann Sebastian Bach
  • Handel

    Handel
  • Period: to

    Domenico Scarlatti

    he was an Italian composer from Naples known for his influence on the classical style
  • Period: to

    Johann Sebastian Bach

    was a German composer and was known for is orchestra music and cello suites and organ works.
  • Period: to

    Handel

    was a German British composer and was known for his opera and concerti grossi, and organ concertos.
  • Johann Hasse

    Johann Hasse
  • Period: to

    Johann Hasse

    was a german composer, singer, and teacher of music. also was very popular in his time.
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
  • Period: to

    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky learned practices of western composition and wrote music that made an impression among the whole world and also made him the first Russian composer to be recognized for his music around the world.
  • Gustav Mahler

    Gustav Mahler
  • Period: to

    Gustav Mahler

    Mahler wrote very important music that connected traditional German music to the modern music of the 20th century. During the rise of the Nazi period, Mahler's music actually became banned in much of Europe. Mahler was one of the leading writers for the post-romantic period.
  • Claude Debussy

    Claude Debussy
  • Period: to

    Claude Debussy

    Debussy is one of the most influential composers of the post romantic period. Debussy wrote many great works that wouldn't be recognized until later but would influence the whole world.
  • Richard Strauss

    Richard Strauss
  • Period: to

    Richard Strauss

    Richard Strauss had many successes in opera and music which led him to being one of the most influential composers of the post-romantic period. Although his plays could be unusual he was also known for the beautiful motives.
  • Arnold Schoenberg

    Arnold Schoenberg
  • Period: to

    Arnold Schoenberg

    Arnold Schoenberg is known for not only his contributions but also the methods he invented such as using atonality and 12 tones. Arnold Schoenberg became an influencer of his time and also the composers of today.
  • Charles Ive

    Charles Ive
  • Period: to

    Charles Ive

    Ives was an American composer and most of his life the music he wrote was ignored. Many consider Ives to have been ahead of his time for writing music that was not yet being written until around the 1930's.
  • Igor Stravinsky

    Igor Stravinsky
  • Period: to

    Igor Stravinsky

    Igor Stravinsky is known for one of his most popular works "right of spring" and his constant "reinventing of the wheel" when writing music. Igor Stravinsky had a very big influence on how other composers constructed rhythmic patterns in a piece and was seen as a pioneer.
  • Robert Nathaniel Dett

    Robert Nathaniel Dett
  • Period: to

    Robert Nathaniel Dett

    Robert Nathaniel Dett was a Canadian-American composer who was known for his use of African-American folk songs and spiritual songs that he incorporated into his compositions.
  • Florence Price

    Florence Price
  • Period: to

    Florence Price

    Price was an African-American composer, Music teacher, Pianist/Organist. Price is known as the first African-American to be recognized by as a symphonic composer.
  • Nadia Boulanger

    Nadia Boulanger
  • Period: to

    Nadia Boulanger

    Nadia Boulanger is known for being the teacher for many of the most important 20th century composers. After her sister died she decided to make a living teaching others to find their own voice in their compositions.
  • Nickel-in-the-Slot Phonograph

    Nickel-in-the-Slot Phonograph
    The Nickel-in-the-Slot Phonograph was basically the worlds first juke box which for a nickel would allow people to listen to music on it. listeners could listen from 4 listening tubes.
  • Period: to

    Post-romantic period

  • Period: to

    Melodies (of post-romanticism)

    The melodies written within this time period were more focused on Whole tone scales and the use of chromaticism. By using these ways of writing it allowed for more freedom than there previously were.
  • Period: to

    Genres of music

    In the post-romantic period there were a lot of pieces written for orchestras and operas. Poems would be written that would inspire music created for them. For example, the classical guitarist Barrios wrote music that would sometimes be based on the poems his brother would write. This also was what would be done with operas.
  • Sergei Prokofiev

    Sergei Prokofiev
  • Period: to

    Sergei Prokofiev

    Prokofiev was a Russian composer who later in life worked for the soviet union and is known as one of the many important composers of the 20th century.
  • William grant still

    William grant still
  • Period: to

    William grant still

    William grant still was an American composer who wrote almost 200 compositions. He was also the first American to have his opera produced by the New York city opera.
  • Leo Ornstein

    Leo Ornstein
  • Period: to

    Leo Ornstein

    Leo Ornstein was an American experimental composer. many of his works were written on piano and were considered very shocking for his time.
  • Henry Cowell

    Henry Cowell
  • Period: to

    Henry Cowell

    Henry Cowell was an American composer who was one of the biggest early influencers for modernist composers of the 20th century. He wrote many experimental pieces.
  • Aaron Copland

    Aaron Copland
  • Period: to

    Aaron Copland

    Aaron Copland was an American composer, many call his works the sound of American music.
  • Elliott Carter

    Elliott Carter
  • Period: to

    Elliott Carter

    Elliott Carter was an American composer that was very respected for his works of compositions that were written in modernism. He worked in the late 20th century.
  • Headphones

    Headphones
    The first headphones that resembled more modern headphones. These headphones were the first to use padding that allowed listeners to listen for longer periods of time without their ears hurting.
  • John Cage

    John Cage
  • Period: to

    John Cage

    John cage was an American composer and also a theorist. Cage was known for creating music that challenged the definition of what is music. Cage famously wrote the song 4'33" composed of john cage sitting at his piano with various background sounds.
  • Period: to

    World War 1

  • The first radio station (KDKA)

    The first radio station (KDKA)
    The first commercially licensed radio station located and run in Pittsburgh.
  • Agustí­n Barrios Mangoré

    Agustí­n Barrios Mangoré
    The Great Barrios wrote his best piece ever for post-romantic guitar called "la catedral" which was written with romantic characteristics and was focused on the experience Barrios had when he walked into the cathedral. https://youtu.be/uacX4rdzfIA
  • Magnetic tape

    Magnetic tape
    Invented by Fritz Pfleumer this invention led to the caset tapes that many used.
  • The electric organ

    The electric organ
    The electric organ allowed the elaboration of the original organ to grow. With the electric organ it was also possible to imitate other instruments to create a different texture.
  • Period: to

    Post-1900's Era

  • Period: to

    World War 2

  • The Rhodes piano

    The Rhodes piano
    This was one of the major mile stones for electric pianos
  • Electronic Drum Machines

    Electronic Drum Machines
    The first electronic drum machine