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The Roaring Twenties

  • Palmer Raids

    Palmer Raids
    A series of arresting, prosecuting, and deporting foreigners who have suspicion of communism. Mitchell A. Palmer arrested over 6,000 suspected communists. This was during a very high time of opposition towards foreigners.
  • Volstead Act

    Volstead Act
    This was enacted to carry out the intent of the Eightennth Amednment. It defined the term "intoxicating beverages" which the 18th amendment did not, and provide penalties. It granted federal and state power to enforce the ban by "apprpriate legislation".
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    Cultural movement known as "New Negro Movement" at the time of the artistic movement, many blacks moved north to urban areas looking for work. This was all in thanks to racism.
  • The Red Scare

    The Red Scare
    The scare of the rise of communism in the world. It was caused by the communist takeover in Russia and labor unrest at home.
  • Emergency Quotia Act of 1921

    Emergency Quotia Act of 1921
    This Act limited immigrants dwon to 3% quotia. This reduced the the number of people coming into the U.S. to only 3% per ethnic group.
  • Charles Lindbergh

    Charles Lindbergh
    An aviator, author, inventor, and explorer, Charles Lindbergh was most famous for flying from New York to France, becoming the first pilot to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. He was also awarded the Medal of Honor for his historic event.
  • Four Power Naval Treaty

    Four Power Naval Treaty
    Treaty signed by U.S., France, Great Britain, and Japan that would respect each other’s territories in the Pacific, and not seeking further expansion in the area. It will end the dispute over territory.
  • Washington Naval Conference

    Washington Naval Conference
    A military conference between nine countries, regarding interests in the Pacific Ocean and East Asia. It was a model for a successful disarmament movement.
  • Nine Power Naval Treaty

    Nine Power Naval Treaty
    A treaty affirming the sovereignty and territorial right of China, supporting the Open Door Policy. It gave Japan more control in the Pacific.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    A bribery incident that leased Navy Petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming and two other places in California that gave private oil companies low rates without competitive bidding.This was considered the biggest scandal in American History at the time.
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff

    Fordney-McCumber Tariff
    A tariff in 1922 that raised American tariffs to protect factories and farms.The U.S. had to maintain a good economic center, and the tariffs helped the ackbone of our economy, farming.
  • Adkins vs. Children's Hospital

    Adkins vs. Children's Hospital
    A U.S. Supreme Court case holding that federal minimum wage legislation for woman was unconstitutional, protected by the fifth amandment. It helped woman get into the economy after WWI.
  • Electionf of Coolidge

    Electionf of Coolidge
    Calvin Coolidge was elected in 1924. His election signified a resurgence in conservatism because he believed in limited government that stood aside while businesses conducted their own affairs.
  • The Election of Harding

    The Election of Harding
    Warren G. Harding was elected in 1920. Calvin Coolidge was his Vice President, Charles Evans Hughes was the Secretary of State, Andrew Mellon was the Secretary of Commerce, and William Taft was appointed the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. They were considered the brightest minds of his time.
  • Five Power Naval Treaty

    Five Power Naval Treaty
    A treaty created by the winners of World War I, which put an end to an arms race by limiting naval construction. It limited the construction of battleships, battle cruisers, and aircraft carriers.
  • KKK

    The Ku Klux Klan was a Conservative group who hated Catholics, African-Americans, Jews, foreigners, etc. They often used violence for intimidation, and set the standard for racism.
  • Al Capone

    Al Capone
    A renowned American gangster. He was the leader of a gang who competed for alcohol sales during Prohibition. He was famous for his killings, gambling, and narcotics. He was finally caught for tax evasion.
  • Immigration Act of 1924

    Immigration Act of 1924
    This Act again limited the number of immigrants coming into the U.S. It was reduced from a 3% quotia from the Emergancy Quotia Act down to 2%. It again limited the number of immigrants that could come into the U.S.
  • Getrude Ederle

    Getrude Ederle
    American swimmer, and Olympic champion. She is most famous for being the first woman to swim across the English Channel, which was big in the Woman's rights movements.
  • Dawes Plan

    Dawes Plan
    A plan that cycled money throughout the U.S., Germany, and the Allies. It was aimed at paying off war debts of Germany, and its allies to Britain and France who would give that money to the U.S. to pay off their ward debts. It was a cycle that kept going.
  • Sacco and Vanzetti Case

    Sacco and Vanzetti Case
    Two Italian men who were convicted of murdering two men in Massachusetts. They were under heavy racism for being Italian, which led to an unfair trial, and soon executed in 1927.
  • The Great Gatsby

    The Great Gatsby
    The Great Gatsby was a book written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. This book had a theme of the declining American Dream of the 1920s, which was now more towards gaining money.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    A trial put against a high school teacher in Tennessee, John Scopes, because he was accused of teaching the theory of evolution to his students, which was illegal in Tennessee. The trial was deliberately staged to attract attention to the small town.
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    An Austrian psychologist who influenced many young men and women who stressed the role of sexual repression in mental illness. People used his theories to justify their wild sides.
  • Lost Generation

    Lost Generation
    The Lost Generation was the group of people who served in World War I and had to come back shortly afterwards. It included a list of authors such as F. Scott Fitzgerald, T.I. Elliot, John Dos Passos, and Ernest Hemingway.
  • Jazz Age

    Jazz Age
    Jazz and dance became popular during the 1920s. Also became popular in European countries. The African Americans brought it from the south and were most known for it. It ended during the Great Depression.
  • Flappers

    A new “breed” of women, who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disrespectful behavior. They were seen as “brash” for dancing disrespectfully, and wearing heavy makeup, all to be considered very un-lady like.
  • Charlie Chapman

    Charlie Chapman
    A british actor and filmmaker, who rose to fame from his movie, "The Tramp". Is considered an engineer in acting during this time period
  • Prohibition

    A national ban, manufacture, and transport of alcohol from 1920-1933. The movement was led by rural Protestants, but it was not highly enforced due to the amount of people breaking the law. President Harding even served alcohol to his guests during the time.
  • Model T (Ford)

    Model T (Ford)
    A car that was produced by Henry Ford. It was the regarded at the first affordable automobile to the middle class Americans. It also helped get the assembly line popular.
  • Marcus Garvey

    Marcus Garvey
    Jamaican politician leader, also a publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and actor who played a huge role in Black Nationalism and African movements . He founded the Black Star Line. He was a major contributor to the Civil Rights Movements.
  • Election of Hoover

    Election of Hoover
    Hervet Hoover was elected for president in 1928 after Coolidge dropped out of the race. He promoted partnerships between government and businesses.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    An international agreement between the U.S. and Germany, and many more nations after that, which made countries promise that they would not start war as a foreign policy. It only stated that only a defensive war was appropriate, and if a country broke it, there was no enforcement to make everybody follow that agreement.
  • Duke Ellington

    Duke Ellington
    American composer, pianist, and big band leader. Wrote over 1,000 compositions. He was a major part in the Jazz Age whcih stretched into many other styles such as blues, gospel, etc. He called his music, "American Music".
  • Hawley-Smoot Tariff

    Hawley-Smoot Tariff
    A tariff that in 1930, increased from 31% to 49% on all foreign goods. It was to help satisfy the American business leaders who wanted a higher tariff and would protect their own market.
  • Hoover-Stimson Doctrine

    Hoover-Stimson Doctrine
    A United States poilicy to Japan and China which stated that the U.S. would not recognize international territorial changes done by force. This followed Japan's seizure of Manchuria by force.
  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation

    Reconstruction Finance Corporation
    A federally funded government corporation that was created by Congress for help to propping faltering railroads, banks, life insurance companies, and other financial companies. The emergency loans from the RFC would help stabilize these businesses.
  • Bonus Army

    Bonus Army
    A march of 43,00 people including 17,000 WWI veterans who marched to D.C. who demanded early cash-payment redemption of their service. President Hoover used violence and force to break up the march would made him be looked at as a heartless and uncaring leader of the country.