The language Education Policy in Puerto Rico

  • Nov 19, 1492

    Colonizers

    Colonizers
    1492- bilingualism in Puerto Rico took place between the Spanish colonizers and our first habitants.
  • Dr. John Eaton

    Dr. John Eaton
    1898 - 1900 Dr. John Eaton, Former Commissioner of Education U.S.; states that Puerto Rico's teachers should learn English and that this preference would be ready to be hired.
  • First change...

    First change...
    1898 - The first change in Puerto Rican language policy even before the Treaty of Paris.
  • Department of Public Instruction.

    Department of Public Instruction.
    1900 - The Department of Public Instruction is establish with an assigned Commissioner.
  • Spanish is taught as a specialty class.

    Spanish is taught as a specialty class.
    1900 - 1902 - The policy was to be retained educative Spanish and the English would be acquired: Spanish in the elementary grades and English as a specialty. In high school all subjects were in English and Spanish is taught as a specialty.
  • Incresed the use of english in school.

    Incresed the use of english in school.
    1902 - 1904 - Increased the use of English in schools with the idea to convert it in official language schools in Puerto Rico.
  • Spanish is deleted.

    Spanish is deleted.
    1905 - 1913 – Spanish is deleted. English is used as medium of instruction in all grades of the school system.
  • Increase in the number of licensed teachers.

    Increase in the number of licensed teachers.
    1909 - 1910 - With an enrollment of approximately 35,000 students made possible to establish English as the base language in schools according to the increase in the number of licensed teachers to teach in English.
  • Spanish again...

    Spanish again...
    1913 - The Spanish was introduced in first grade for some courses, such as health and hygiene and recommended reading was done in Spanish.
  • Compulsory Spanish...

    Compulsory Spanish...
    1915 - Was presented a bill to make compulsory Spanish as medium of instruction.
  • Spanish and English

    Spanish and English
    1916 - 1934 - Established that Spanish was the language of instruction in first through fourth grades and English were used in half of the subjects in the fifth grade and the other half in Spanish. The same policy was applied to grades 6-8 and in high school.
  • Official Language was English...

    Official Language was English...
    1917 -. Continued political strife with political overtones and by 1917 the U.S. had decreed that the official language was English on the Spanish-speaking island.
  • Paul G. Miller

    Paul G. Miller
    1921 - Paul G. Miller defended English and José de Diego defended Spanish.
  • Americanization...

    Americanization...
    1921 - 1930 - The lawyer Juan B. Huyke performed Americanization plan for the island.
  • Spanish as the medium of instruction...

    Spanish as the medium of instruction...
    1930 -The Commissioner Dr. Jose Padin turn fuel the first to expose that English is a foreign language from the educational point of view and I struggle to impose Spanish as the medium of instruction. No leaving the English but is emphasized as a Second Language. Recommended bilingual education but with a continuous assessment shall be adjusted to the needs of Puerto Rico.
  • Puerto Ricans not learned to speak English...

    Puerto Ricans not learned to speak English...
    1936 - José Gallardo was appointed Commissioner of Education. The president of the United States complains that Puerto Ricans in 38 years have not learned to speak English.
  • Spanish and English again...

    Spanish and English again...
    1942 Again prevail through sixth grade Spanish and English as a subject continued.
  • Spanish in all grades...

    Spanish in all grades...
    1948 - Was used Spanish as the medium of instruction until the ninth grade but with Luis Munoz Marin in power, this established teaching Spanish in all grades.
  • Spanish...

    Spanish...
    1949 - The Commissioner of Education, Dr. Mariano Villaronga decrees teaching Spanish at all levels of the public school.
  • Bilingual Educational Act...

    Bilingual Educational Act...
    1968 - The United States signed the Bilingual Education Act or Title VII, signed by President Jonnson on January 2, 1968.
  • Funds for Bilingual Education Proggram...

    Funds for Bilingual Education Proggram...
    1970 - Department of Education begins to solicit funds from the United States for Bilingual Education program.
  • Migrants trained to teach English...

    Migrants trained to teach English...
    1970-1980 - Return migrants or "Neoricans" were trained by the Puerto Rican Department of Public Instruction to teach English in Puerto Rico.
  • We are Puerto Ricans..!

    We are Puerto Ricans..!
    1700 - The Taino, Spanish and African Influence had integrated to form a unique personality and culture Puerto Rican with a vigorous civil and religious life.
  • bilingual School proyect in Puerto Rico...

    bilingual School proyect in Puerto Rico...
    1972 - 1976 Implanted in Puerto Rico under the government of the Popular Democratic Party bilingual projects Padre Rufo School and Pope John XXIII.
  • Bilingual Education expantion...

    Bilingual Education expantion...
    1974 - Bilingual education is expanding in the United States.
  • Authorization of Bilingual Education Projects...

    Authorization of Bilingual Education Projects...
    1978 - The U.S. Congress authorized for bilingual education projects in Puerto Rico have the focus to learning Spanish for the better functioning of the return of students in the education system of Puerto Rico.
  • Students need special services...

    Students need special services...
    1979 - 1980 - Had been identified in Puerto Rico, the return 84.834 students in our schools of which 59, 810 seem to need special services.
  • New Bilingual Proyects...

    New Bilingual Proyects...
    1984 -- Bilingual education projects in Puerto Rico become part of the Department of Education of Puerto Rico under the administration of Governor Carlos Romero Barcelo.
  • "Spanish Only"

    "Spanish Only"
    1991 - The Popular party approved the "Spanish Only" legislation.
  • Englis and Spanish, official languages on the island...

    Englis and Spanish, official languages on  the island...
    1993 -“Spanish Only” policy is revoked and substituted by Law Number 1 a Pro Statehood Party language policy which established both English and Spanish as official languages on the island.
  • Continuity of the inmersion programs...

    Continuity of the inmersion programs...
    1997 - In 1997, while the statehood party was in power, English immersion programs also made their way Into Puerto Rican schools.
  • Bec- 21... Schools

    Bec- 21... Schools
    2012- Puerto Rico governor Luis Fortuño has proposed an ambitious, and what critics call far-fetched, plan to require all public schools to teach all courses in English instead of Spanish. Only 12 of the island's 1,472 schools offer an all-English curriculum of the sort envisioned by Fortuño, while 35 other schools offer some courses in English. The main idea is to have a Puerto Rican who can communicate in Spanish as well as English until 2022.