History of English Literature

  • 490

    Old English 490-1150

    Old English 490-1150
    Writing was not given much importance. The Anglo-Saxons were made up of three tribes who came to England through the North Sea route - the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes. Beowoulf is a 300 line poem and it was probably written 300 years later when 'written texts' came into existence. It was probably completed in the 8th Century. They brought the French language to England. French was adopted as the new language for the parliament.
  • Period: 490 to

    History of English Literature

  • 731

    The beginning of English literature

    The beginning of English literature
    the first great work of Germanic literature, mingles the legends of Scandinavia with the experience in England of Angles and Saxons
  • 950


    Derives from earlier sources in Norway, Britain and Burgundy
  • 1066

    Middle English 1066-1500's

    Middle English 1066-1500's
    The most respected and famous writer of the middle ages was Geoffrey.
    Chaucer. He is known as the father figure in English literature. In the 13th
  • 1066

    Middle Ages. By the 13th century

    Middle Ages. By the 13th century
    Miracle plays the actual story revolves around the main characters and on
    the other hand, the other characters were short reckoned or undervalued.
    Comic scenes were also a part of Miracle plays. Moreover, there were devil
    characters present in those plays. The structure of the play is basically
  • 1100

    Morality Plays

  • 1300

    High Middle Ages C.1300 Duns Scotus

    High Middle Ages C.1300 Duns Scotus
    is generally considered to be one of the three most important philosopher-theologians of Western Europe in the High Middle Ages
    Scotus wrote purely philosophical and logical works at an early stage of his career, consisting of commentaries on Aristotle's Organon
  • 1500

    Lyric poetry - Jan 1, 1500

    Lyric poetry - Jan 1, 1500
    Lyric poetry in English begins in the 16th century with the work the great poets such as Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard,
  • 1500

    Renassaince (1500-1660)

    Renassaince (1500-1660)
    Renassaince was initially started at Italy in the late 14th century. European scholars and writers found that Renassaince was doing good at Italy. So, at around 1500 they brought the literature in England. It made it possible for the writers to produce written works.
    the English vocabulary damn rich. A word which we use widely, 'beautiful' was coined by Shakespeare. It's hard to imagine such an indispensable word not being used before him.
  • 1509

    Epic Poetry 1509

    The English Renaissance, the age of William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Sir Philip Sidney, Ben Jonson, John Donne, and John Milton, was one of the most brilliant periods in Western literary history for the production of great poetry. Yet the scope of its achievement is so varied that any effort to account for its multiplicity is inordinately challenging
  • 1558

    Elizabethan Era Lyric Poetry (1558-1603)

    Elizabethan Era  Lyric Poetry  (1558-1603)
    This era was the period of new ideas and new thinking. Various other works like fine arts endured support and assistance from the Queen. Due to the Queen's support and patron, the works of that time came to be known as 'Elizabethan'. The poetries and dramas were prospered more, in particular. Sir Wyatt brought Sonnet from Italy which was later popularized in England. Later, they gave a different style to the sonnets.
  • 1572

    characteristics or features of play 1572-1700's

     characteristics or features of play 1572-1700's
    -Women were not allowed to perform as there was the existence of
    gender inequality. The males only played as females.
    -The Wealthy people bought the best seats. Sometimes they even sat
    on the stage itself.
    -Even the illiterates could understand the play.
  • Epic Poetry 1600's - 1700's

    Epic Poetry 1600's - 1700's
    Epic Poetry
  • Prose Fiction 1600's - 1700's

    Prose Fiction 1600's - 1700's
    Early English Prose Fiction is the perfect complement to English Poetry and English Drama. It contains prose versions of some of the poetry in those databases and includes many of the same authors. From linguistic scholars of Early Modern English to literary scholars to cultural historians, a wide variety of users will appreciate the wealth of information in this database.
  • Jacobian Era (1603-1625)

    Jacobian Era (1603-1625)
    These type of plays were extremely popular during the Elizabethan and the Jacobean era. The term 'metaphysical poetry' was coined by Samuel Johnson. Some of the topics on which metaphysical poems are written are love, existence, life etc. Similie, metaphors, imagery and other literary elements are used in writing these poems.
  • Ben Jonson 1603

    Ben Jonson 1603
    From 1603 writes masquerades for the court of King James I Stuart fulfilling his role as poet laureate since 1616. These masquerades, including The Satyr (1603), Masquerade of Beauty (1608) and Masquerade of the Queens (1609), were represented almost always in elaborate Italian stages
  • Caroline Era (1625-1649)

    Caroline Era (1625-1649)
    During that time, a civil war was fought between the
    supporters of the king (Cavaliers) and the supporters of the parliament
  • Puritan Age (1625-1660)

    Puritan Age (1625-1660)
    The age is named 'Puritan Age' because of the Puritan dominance in
    England for the first time. Furthermore, the greatest literary figures of that time were Puritans. One remarkable figure was John Milton.
  • Shakespeare (1632)

    Shakespeare (1632)
    English actor Known on occasions as the Baron of Avon, Shakespeare is considered the most important writer in the English language and one of the most celebrated of universal literature
  • Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce

    There was a Civil war during that period. One group of
    people supported the King (Cavaliers) and the other supported the Parliament
  • Neo-Classical Age (1660-1798)

    Neo-Classical Age (1660-1798)
    This era is also known as the era of enlightenment. People in England would
    meet at the coffee house and talk about productive things. It started the British tradition of 'afternoon tea'. Popular types of literature include parody, letters, essays, and satir.
  • Roman Empire age. 1660-1798

    The first half of the 18th century was
    marked by the preparation of Industrial revolution. The main social classes
    were merchants, landowners, and manufacturers
  • Richard Brinsley Sheridan Age of Sensibility (1750-1798)

    Richard Brinsley Sheridan Age of Sensibility (1750-1798)
    Two most famous writers of this period are Richard Brinsley Sheridan and Oliver Goldsmith. Sheridan was a love
  • Romanticism 1785-1830

    Romanticism 1785-1830
    This period was mainly a reaction against the philosophy of Enlightenment period that dominated much of European Philosophy. Individual achievements are highly valued. Many of the Romantic writers believed that people regardless of wealth or social class must be able to appreciate art and literature.
  • Victorian Age (1837-1901)

    The Victorian age was a time of great prosperity in the History of English
    Literature. This period made a lot of changes amongst people.
  • Realism (art movement) 1860-1890

    Realism  (art movement) 1860-1890
    movement that began in France in the 1840s, after the 1848 Revolution.
    Realists rejected Romanticism, which had dominated French literature and art since the late 18th century. Realism revolted against the exotic subject matter and the exaggerated emotionalism and drama of the Romantic movement.
  • The Edwardian Age (1901-1910)

    England is known as the Edwardian age. It lasted less than a decade,his throne at England is known as the Edwardian age. It lasted less than a decade.
  • English Literature Since 1901

    English Literature Since 1901
    Literature from various parts of the world started spreading. New writers were tried to impersonate the glory of British writers. They were not allowed to write freely. Post-Modernism - In post-modernism, basically the history of English Literature of 5 geo-locations are being studied.
  • The poems forming 1997

    The poems forming 1997
    The poems forming, poetry has distinct literary forms. Some common English forms that you may recognize include the sonnet, blank verse, the ode, the ballad and even the limerick.
  • Michael Frayn

    Michael Frayn
    British writer and dramatist, one of the few books in English.
  • The Amber Spyglass completes Philip Pullman's (2000)

    The Amber Spyglass completes Philip Pullman's (2000)
    Philip Pullman was born in Norwich, England wrote two pieces of accompaniment to the trilogy, entitled Lyra's Oxford and Once Upon a Time in the North. A third complementary piece that Pullman refers to as the "green book" will expand on his character Will.