The history of English and Spanish

  • 1000 BCE

    Old English

    Old English
    The oldest surviving manuscript of "Beowulf" dates from this period
  • 800 BCE

    Old English

    Old English
    Old English epic poem "Beowulf" composed
  • 731 BCE

    Before English

    Before English
    The Venerable Bede writes "The Ecclesiastical History of the English People" (In latin)
  • 660 BCE

    Before English

    Before English
    Cædmon's Hymn composed in Old English
  • 600 BCE

    Before English

    Before English
    Anglo Saxon language covers most of modern-day England
  • 600 BCE

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Basques (600 BC)
    They have their own language
    The use of letters X and Z, typical of the Basquet language (-ex, izquierda)
    Suffixes (-ueco, -erci, -ueque, -ili, -irri)
    Names (Indigo, Garcia, Javier/Xavier)
  • 550 BCE

    Spanish

    Spanish
    The Celts were the first people to bring the concept of underwear (bragas) to the peninsula.
    Affixes (-sego, -iego) (Segovia, mujeriego)
    550 BC
  • 501 BCE

    Spanish

    Spanish
    The Spanish language originated in the Southwest region of Europe known as the Iberian Peninsula. Sometime before the end of the 6th century BC, the region's first inhabitants, the Iberians, began to mingle with the Celts, a nomadic people from central Europe. The two groups formed a people called the Celtiberians, speaking a form of Celtic.
  • 476 BCE

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Fall of the Roman Empire
    Spanish is born as a Romance language from the Latin
  • 450 BCE

    Before English

    Before English
    Anglo-Saxon settlements (Angles, Frisians, Saxons and Jutes) of Britain begins
  • 450 BCE

    Before English

    Before English
    Earliest Old English inscriptions
  • 19 BCE

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Under Roman rule, in 19 BC, the region became known as Hispania, and its inhabitants learned Latin from traders, administrators, soldiers and other people coming from Rome. These Romans' Latin got mixed up with the languages that had previously been spoken by the Celtiberians, the Carthaginians, and other inhabitants of the región, a new language, referred to as "Vulgar Latin", made its appearance, borrowing words from the other tongues and adding them to its own lexicon.
  • 300

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Hispania
    Germanic and Nomadic invaders competing for land
    5th century
  • 416

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Many Germanic words influenced Spanish as they were assimilated into the Latin used on the continent
  • 477

    Spanish

    Spanish
    The Visigoths fought for the power
    The Visigoth Kingdom vs The Byzantine Kingdom
    They were expelled from Gaul
  • 711

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Moors invasion of Spain
    Arab words are brought into Spanish language
  • 800

    Spanish

    Spanish
    9th century (801-900)
    Spanish is known as Castilian, after the dialect from which modern
    standard Spanish developed. The dialect arose in Cantabria in the north-central Spain
  • 871

    Old English

    Old English
    Alfred the Great becomes king of Wessex, encourages English prose and translation of Latin works
  • 1150

    Middle English

    Middle English
    The oldest surviving manuscripts in Middle English dates from this period
  • 1167

    Middle English

    Middle English
    Oxford university established
  • 1200

    Spanish

    Spanish
    The creation of a standardized Spanish language based on the Castilian dialect began in the 1200s with King Alfonso X, who was called the King of Castile and Leon. He and his court of scholars adopted the city of Toledo, a cultural center in the central highlands, as the base of their activities. There, scholars wrote original works in Castilian and translated histories, chronicles, and scientific, legal, and literary works from other languages (principally Latin, Greek, and Arabic).
  • 1209

    Middle English

    Middle English
    Cambridge university established
  • Sep 28, 1250

    Spanish

    Spanish
    King Alfonso X declares Spanish as the official language of Spain
  • 1362

    Middle English

    Middle English
    The Statute of Pleading replaces French with English as the language of law (although records continue to be kept in Latin)
  • 1362

    Middle English

    Middle English
    English is used in English Parliament for the first time
  • 1384

    Middle English

    Middle English
    John Wycliffe publishes his English translation of the Bible
  • 1399

    Middle English

    Middle English
    Henry IV becomes the first English speaking monarch since the Conquest
  • 1400

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Both the Castilian and Andalusian dialects made the trip. Castilian was used in administrative and cultural centers such as Mexico City, Mexico; Potosí, Bolivia; and Lima, Peru. These cities retained close links to the Spanish capital of Madrid, which was in the Castile región.
  • 1476

    Middle English

    Middle English
    William Caxton establishes the first English printing press
  • Oct 12, 1491

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Christopher Columbus discovers America
    Spanish language is brought to the new world
    Words (Tomate, patata, chocolate, cacahuate, cacao, maiz)
  • 1500

    Middle English

    Middle English
    Start of English Renaissance
    During the Renaissance, English incorporated many words from Latin via French, from classical Latin (not just church Latin), and Greek.
  • Sep 28, 1519

    Spanish

    Spanish
    Hernan Cortes arrives in Mexico
    Spanish language is introduced to the Aztecs
  • 1526

    Middle English

    Middle English
    William Tyndale prints his English translation of the New Testament of the Bibble
  • 1539

    Middle English

    Middle English
    The Great Bible is published
  • 1560

    Spanish

    Spanish
    The kingdoms of Castile and Leon merged with that of Aragon
    Castilian became the official language of Spain
  • Middle English

    Middle English
    William Shakespeare writes his first plays
  • Middle English

    Middle English
    The Authorized or King James version of the Bible is published
  • English

    English
    Death of William Shakespeare
  • English

    English
    Robert Boyle publishes his great work "The sceptical chemist"
  • Middle English

    Middle English
    Samuel Johnson publishes his Dictionary of the English Language
  • English

    English
    Jane Austen is born
  • Spanish

    Spanish
    The language academies were founded (La Real Academia de la Lengua)
    Flood of French words (detalles, jalea, chaqueta, galan, modista, chofer)
  • English

    English
    Charles Dickens is born
  • Middle English

    Middle English
    Noah Webster publishes his American Dictionary of the English language
  • Modern English

    Modern English
    First edition of the Oxford English Dictionary is published
  • Spanish

    Spanish
    The end of the Franco dictatorship in Spain (1980’s) marks an explosion in the usage of acronyms (OTAN—which is NATO in English). Many Spanish speakers are using abbreviations (profe/profesor, boli/bolígrafo, uni/universidad) and borrowing pop culture words from English
  • Spanish

    Spanish
    Influence of English on Spanish
    Words (Ciencia ficcion, gol, escanear,)
    Prefixes (-eco, -neo, -bio, -super)
  • Spanish

    Spanish
    There are nearly 600 million, which makes Spanish the world’s fourth language (after Chinese, English and Hindi) in terms of speakers
    Spanish is the official language of some twenty countries around the world and 1 of the three tongues habitually considered as official working languages by a multitude of international organizations.
  • English

    English
    "There are now estimated to be 1.5 billion English speakers globally: 375 million who speak English as their first language, 375 million as a second language and 750 million who speak English as a foreign language
  • Spanish

    Spanish
    Cervantes Institute’s annual report, predict that in 2050 there will be around 750 million Spanish speakers, once again counting only the countries where it is an official language. This therefore leaves out the Hispanics in the United States and all those who speak it as a second or third language, who would considerably swell the number if included.