The Korean War

  • dividing korea

    dividing korea
    during world war II korea was occupied by japan. after the war the Allies and the Soviet Union agreed to divide Korea into two parts. the north became communist, while the south remained anti-communist. it was divided at the 38th parallel. this was about the halfway point. this was supposed to be a temporary solution.
  • Period: to

    korean war

  • Korean citizens

    Korean citizens
    Koreans on both sides of the 38th parallel wanted to unify their nation. they didnt want to remain divided.
  • occupied korea

    after korea was divided, both north korea and south korea were occupied. the soviet union occupied the north and the United States occupied the south. they withdrew in 1948 and 1949.
  • korean war

    korean war
    the korean war began in 1950. North korean troops went across the 38th paralle. their goal was to reunite korea by force. americans at the time belived, wrongly, that this was planned by the soviet union. president truman was determined to respond to this aggression, as he considerd it. they also feared it could lead to a third world war, like had happened in world war two.
  • the united nations

    the united nations
    the united nations' members agreed that north korea was an agressor. they also unanimously agreed that the united states could act in south korea's defense. they asked that peace be restored.
  • south korean defense

    president truman orderd that taiwan be protected. Taiwan was an island south of korea. American air and navel defenses were also sent to south korea.
  • general douglas MacAurther

    general douglas MacAurther
    MacAurther was choosen to lead the UN forces in korea. before this he had been responsible for establishing western democracy there and for establishing japan's new democratic constitution.
  • MacAurthur's plan

    MacAurthur's plan
    He belived that North korea's rapid advance had left it supply lines stretched thin. He sent forces to protect the city of Pusan, the only area not overrun by the enemy. he than landed sooldiers at Inchon in northwestern south korea. he wanted to stike the enemy from behind their supply lines.
  • continued fighting

    continued fighting
    his strategy began to work. not only had the pushed the enemy past the 38th parallel, but the army was able to push them towards china's border. around this time china got involved. although by the end of november it looked like north korea had lost.
  • turning point

    turning point
    china launched a huge offensive to defend north korea. china had warned of an attack but MacAurthor ignored the warnings.nearly 180,000 chinese troops attacked. they pushed the troops back accross the 38th parallel.
  • stalemate in korea

    stalemate in korea
    although the united nation's forces were able to capture the capital of Saul (again), neither side made any significant advances. a stalemate was reached.
  • disputes during the war

    disputes during the war
    presidant truman and general MacArthur did not agree on how to continue the war. the general wanted to open a second front. he wanted to directly attack the chinese communists. truman did not agree with this, he didnt want a larger war to breakout. in march a letter by MacArthur to joseph martin, the house minority leader, became public. in it he critizised the president and his policies.
  • MacAurthur is fired

    MacAurthur is fired
    truman fires his general after many disputed over how to continue the war. truman fired him for insubordination. many still saw him as a hero for all the things he had accomplished.
  • united nations' continued support

    united nations'  continued support
    eventually 16 member nations from the united nations would help the united states by providing troops or arms. however the U.S. made about 80 percent of the troops.
  • war ends

    war ends
    finally a truce was signed in 1953. it divided the two countries near the 38th parallel. this is almost the same place that it was divided before the war. it ended during eisenhower's presidancy. over 150,000 american soldiers were killed or wounded.